Korean | English

pISSN : 1229-8387 / eISSN : 2713-749X

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 0.7
Home > Explore Content > All Issues > Article List

2012, Vol., No.24

  • 1.

    A Study on the Christian Social Ethics Thought of Shin Suk-Koo

    김권정 | 2012, (24) | pp.7~32 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Shin Suk-Koo was born in the late 19th century to a family of Confucian scholars. In his childhood he set Confucianism above everything else, but in his youth he was in confusion and went astray. His encountering Christianity was a turning point in his life. His faith carried him through the ordeal and was quite certain that Christianity could realize the Confucian ideal and could save his peoples who lost their sovereignty. Since then, he lived his life as a pastor with penury and hardship, through which he acted up to his words thoroughly. Living through Chosun Dynasty, Daehan Empire and Japanese colonial rule, he became an evangelist on a mission to recover the lost ethnicity and was ever fearful for his peoples. As a result, he was qualified to stand proxy for national at the 1919 Independence Movement, although he putted religious persuation ahead of politics. At the end of Japanese colonial period, he languished in prison by reason of insubordination to shrine worshipping. Likewise, after independence,he was persecuted by North Korea as he putted his peoples ahead of ideology. He did not think of his brotherhood as distinct from Christian faith and believed that Christianism could be realized with national salvation. In particular,he distinguished the Christian gospel from the western culture and thus stroke out at the unconditional yearning for the western culture. Moreover, he maintained that Confucian ethics could be realized in Christianity and made his endeavors to embody it through ministry and national movement.
  • 2.

    A Understanding of Christian Ethics through Dr. Han, Chi-jin in Korea

    Janghyung Lee | 2012, (24) | pp.33~66 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    There are some important points in introduction and development of Christian Ethics in the latter era of the Choson Dynasty and during the period of Japanese colonial rule. An understanding of Christian Ethics found in the works of Dr. Han, Chi-jin is characterized by the following aspects; 1) creative interpretation of ethics 2) realistic social ethical interpretation of ethics 3) active reception through experiences in a foreign country. Dr. Han was not an ordained pastor but a theologian and philosopher of ethics from a christian perspective and according to an Christian interpretation in the field of sociology, psychology and religious studies. His representative book 'Introduction to Christian Ethics’ was published in 1934.
  • 3.

    Technological Imagination of Artificial Intelligence in the Light of the Decalogue

    DONG HWAN KIM | 2012, (24) | pp.69~89 | number of Cited : 12
    Abstract PDF
    Ever since the Enlightenment, technology has influenced human life as a whole through its fast technical advance. It is the technology of artificial intelligence (AI) that is one of the leading modern technologies in the twenty-first century. Scientists who have carried out AI project dream of a technological utopia in which human beings produce a future human species called AI according to their own images. In a religious view, this technological dream challenges the prime Christian faith that man was created by God according to His image. Particularly, divine commandments in the Decalogue cannot help but regard this kind of challenge as an idolatrous commitment against God’s unique authority. Considering this conflicting situation, this article explores the relation between imago Dei (God’s image) and imago hominis (man’s image) through an insightful analysis of Noreen L. Herzfeld on imagination in the technological age of AI, discovers God as the origin of all images including both images from a theological perspective of creation, discloses dangerous aspects of technological imagination to traditional theological imagination in the light of Decalogue (especially its right tablet), and attempts to provide a Christian theology of imagination in response to the technological imagination of AI.
  • 4.

    A Study of the Social Ethic of Compassion: Based on Martha C. Nussbaum and Marcus J. Borg

    김현수 | 2012, (24) | pp.91~123 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    This paper tries to suggest a social ethic based on compassion which means “suffering with.” To do this, this paper mainly deals with the social ethic of compassion that Martha C. Nussbaum and Marcus J. Borg develop. First, we can summarize Nussbaum’s social ethic of compassion as follows:(1) Human beings are vulnerable as well as rational. Because of their vulnerability,human beings need compassion. (2) For us to have compassion on someone, we need some rational and cognitive judgments. For example, when we judge that a person’s suffering is serious, we tends easily to have compassion on that person. (3) The ethic of compassion demands us to cross the sharp lines between us and them. Next, Borg makes two main points regarding Jesus’s ethic of compassion that the Bible witnesses: (1) Jesus’s ethic of compassion radically shows the logic of inclusiveness which goes toward the socially excluded persons such as tax-collectors,while the Jews of the times sharply excludes those persons. (2) In this regard, Jesus’s ethic of compassion becomes a radical social ethic transforming the society which unjustly excludes the poor, the weak, and so on. Finally, based on these discussions, this paper suggest three insights for a social ethic of compassion: (1) The social ethic of compassion seeks for the participatory knowledge which makes us to enter into the sufferings of a person and share with them. (2) The social ethic of compassion includes view from below,i.e. view from sufferers. (3) The social ethic of compassion goes to transformative practices struggling against the unjust situations which cause the sufferings of the poor, the weak, and so on.
  • 5.

    The Meaning of Liberation between Minjung Theology and Latin American Theology

    박삼경 | 2012, (24) | pp.125~150 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    A theology reflects a particular situation. Emerging from a particular social reality, theology exposes the truth of a situation and then brings this concrete reality to bear on the Bible and all religious thought. Minjung theology emerged from the oppressed political and economic situation of the Korean people between 1970 and 1980, a different situation from which traditional Western faith-based theologies emerged. What defines minjung theology is the “minjung experience.” Minjung theology contends that the experience of han among the minjung has to be given epistemological privilege, and that the minjung are active agents engaged in achieving their own liberation. The experience of han is central to the ideology or worldview of the minjung. Han also serves as the key to understanding why minjung cannot be separated from a praxis for liberation. Minjung theology and Latin American theology are based on the self-awakening of the poor in Korea and Latin America as well as their struggles for survival. Both have their own voices and are based on specific and particular experiences. Both theologies refused to uncritically accept European-based theology. They emerge from political,economical, and religious-cultural situations different from those which constitute the basis for European and American theologies. Even though the content and method of minjung and Latin American Theologies are distinct, they share the goal of liberation and empowerment of those who have suffered for centuries in poverty and political oppression as a result of long periods of colonialism the minjung of Korea and the pueblo of Latin America. In this paper, I will explore the notion of liberation in Latin American theology, focusing specifically on the work of Gustavo Gutiérrez, the first theologian to elaborate a Latin America liberation theology. I will then examine the meaning of liberation in minjung theology, a 20th-century Korean liberation theology that emerged from the context of oppression and injustice during the Park regime in South Korea. The understanding of liberation in both these theologies is central to ethical-theological meanings and both link liberation to the Kingdom of God. In discussing the Kingdom of God, I will focus on the work of minjung theologians Ahn Byung Mu and Suh Nam Dong. These men all are first generation minjung theologians, the teachers from whom I personally heard the centrality of Kingdom of God through their vision of liberation for all Korean people. In conclusion, I seek to make clear how working for the implementation of the Kingdom of God is central to any elaboration of Korean Christian ethics the work of liberation in Korea. In doing so, I propose a liberation ethics of Kingdom of God.
  • 6.

    A New Understanding of Youth Members in Korean Churches through Generation Conflicts as Creative Ethical Possibilities

    WooYoung Park | 2012, (24) | pp.151~183 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Youth members are not only ‘beings in process’ who physically and mentally grow but also dynamic ‘beings in socialization’ who get to obtain values of the society where they live. From this perspective of youth, it is necessary to raise some questions of how Korean churches have helped youth members to learn humane basic values and become active moral agents. These questions are related closely to the current task of Christian ethics in Korean churches. It is true that Korean churches have often pushed youth members to accept the spirit of fundamentalism and to have a uniformally fixed paradigm rather than have provided them with the realm of the tension between faith and reason. From this context, there has been a conflict between youth members and the older generation in Korean churches. I believe that resolving the conflict is not simply removing this conflict but transforming it into a radical motivation toward practicing the integrity of humanity. It is important to understand generation conflicts as new productive motives and ethical motivation toward putting basic humane values into practice. According to Larry Rasmussen, churches, communities of faith could function as an active field for the moral formation of youth and building collective moral identity. In addition, I suggest that youth members who have experienced the process of moral formation learn a spiritual and practical direction of their lives from John Wesley’s notion of ‘prevenient grace’and his ‘practical asceticism,’ that is, continual process of sanctification, a practical solidarity with the poor and the weak in society, concrete practices in stewardship, and practical use of money. This asceticism can help youth members not to go astray in the midst of global commercialism and consumerism. Finally, a new understanding of youth can give them a possible opportunity to become active moral agents who can do a ‘self-reference writing’ and to reset new relationships between youth members and the older generation.
  • 7.

    Philosophical Counseling as Practice of Christian Ethics : A Study of the School Violence

    sang-woo SHIM | 2012, (24) | pp.185~221 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this thesis is to consider school violence through philosophical counseling as Practical of Christian ethics. There are many reasons that can make them to be so violent. For example, they don’t even know why they hurt or harm other students. Actually, they don’t even realize that what they are doing to others. This statement might explain that victims are not only hurt ones but also assailants. Teenagers have to go through the adolescence and they are probably under so much stress with confusion as they grow up. They want to be acknowledged their existence by others. They might take the way to show or express their existence for being involved in school violence. However, we can observe that their family, school or society judge them as a criminal and blame on them that they are deserved to be judged. It actually happens in reality. This research can assist to solve their problems by philosophical counseling as practical ethics. Also, it can be provided ‘Community of learning’ so that students can help and listen to each other. ‘Community of learning’ practice may give them an idea of cooperation and studying by themselves to find out what their problems are. They can research the structure of oppression that they don’t even realize as well.
  • 8.

    The Tasks of the Local Churches for the Movement of Community Building

    Yong-Hun Jo | 2012, (24) | pp.223~246 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The collapse of the traditional village community have caused many kinds of mental, social and ministerial problems. To face these problems the movement of the making village(community building) is regarded as the good alternative. This paper is to investigate how the local churches should respond to this issues of the movement of the making village on the basis of case study of the Saerom Church in Gyunggi province. For the motivating and developing of the making village by the local churches,it is important to have a solid theological foundation and solve the practical problems. In this paper, we will present the theoretical and practical tasks of the local churches in four ways. Firstly, the minister of the local church have the ministerial theology as the mistry for the local community not only for the church itself and as the minister for the local residents not only for the church members. Secondly, we should theorize the theology of community including the local community. Thirdly, it is necessary to develope the networking including central government, local government, non-profit organization and churches in the local community. Lastly, we need to developing the strategy such as vision for the village, seeking the resources, building up the workers, seeking the communal work, making close relationships, training the root democracy and distributing the outcome fairy.
  • 9.

    The Feminist Hermeneutics of Ruether and Fiorenza: With A Focus on Their Positions on The Norms

    Do Gon Jang | 2012, (24) | pp.247~271 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this paper is to examine the position of feminist hermeneutics on traditions and trans-contextual norms. For this purpose, I compare and analyze the feminist hermeneutics theories of Rosemary Radford Ruether and Elisabeth Schussler Fiorenza, who are considered to be two of the most distinguished contemporary feminist theologians. Ruether professes the ‘prophetic principle’ as the most important norm for her feminist hermeneutics, while Fiorenza negates the existence of any value-neutral norm itself. Their positions on hermeneutic norms are different externally. In fact, the two scholars pointed out problems with each other’s theories when they debated. Nevertheless, I found important commonalities from their hermeneutics. The actual core of the prophetic principle, which Ruether advocates, turns out to be ‘women’s experience.’ In reality, Fiorenza also employs ‘women’s experience’ as the most essential and important ground for her hermeneutics. This shows that these two scholars seem to advocate different positions on hermeneutic norms theoretically, but in fact they hold the same position practically when they adopt the same norm of ‘women’s experience’ as the most important ground for their hermeneutics. Their feminist hermeneutics, which reject the existence of any trans-contextual norms, expose a problem when they adopt ‘women’s experience’as a nearly-absolute norm. Though, it should be noted that they hold reformational values which enlighten and support proper standings and roles for women in the church by breaking with patriarchal christian hermeneutic traditions and providing a new hermeneutic horizon.
  • 10.

    A study on the Civil Movements in Korea from the Perspectives of Public Theology

    Choi, Kyung Suk | 2012, (24) | pp.273~302 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Many theologians in Korea are interested in the ‘public theology’.The rationale behind this would be a number of national elections were held in in Europe, USA, and Korea and so many civic movements have been actively worked by many civic organizations. In this context, it would be very useful to review the political issues from the perspectives of public theology. For this, this paper discusses the political issues from the perspectives of public theologies from the USA(M. Stackhouse and S. Hauerwas), Germany(W. Huber) and Korea. This study also suggests the vision of the ‘responsible society’,which set up at the World Council of Churches’s 1st assembly meeting held in Amsterdam in 1948. In the view of the public theology, this study dealt with the civil movements in Korea. During the Roh Mu-Hyun administration, people have experienced the institutionalization of civil movement. However, the situation has been dramatically changed under the Lee Myung-Bak administration and the de-institutionalization of civil movement were progressed. In particular, it can be argued that Candle Demonstration in 2008 became one of the most influential factors to facilitate the de-institutionalization of civil movements. Given the public theology, the researcher argues that church should support the institutionalization of the civil movement as a middleman in the civil society. In order to achieve this goal, the researcher suggests that church need to publish guidance books for political issues which is similar to the practices of churches in German.