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pISSN : 1229-8387 / eISSN : 2713-749X

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2020, Vol., No.46

  • 1.

    Sewol Ferry Disaster and the Problem of Evil: Based on Hannah Arendt’s the Concept of Evil

    Jongkyunn Park | 2020, (46) | pp.9~44 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Hannah Arendt is an intellectual who has faced the problem of evil more than anyone else, and if we take Arendt’s reflection seriously, the reflection of the evil she worked on must convey some significance to us as we attempt to understand the world. This research argues that Arendt’s reflection on evil is still relevant today, and in particular can provide critical advice on the ills of evil in the Sewol ferry disaster has not ended. Uniquely, Arendt saw the intention of realizing the concept of absolute good and evil, such as religion or ethics, in the political realm, resulting in the destruction of the public realm, which can be said that the reflection on evil, along with the theory of behavior and public sphere, forms an important axis in the Arendt’s political philosophy. It is no exaggeration to say that it is unreasonable to understand her political philosophy without understanding her theory of evil, since Arendt thought politics was the best way to avoid evil. This study focuses on three issues. First, what Arendt’s warning about the uncritical involvement of good and evil in politics in the traditional way is discussed. Second, we will examine the radical and absolute evil that Arendt became interested in after actually experiencing totalitarianism. Finally, as Arendt observes the Eichmann trial, a remnant of totalitarianism, she further refines his position on evil, which is the concept of the banality of evil. This paper reflects on the problem of evil of the Sewol ferry tragedy, the biggest trauma of our society, through Arendt’s discussions of evil.
  • 2.

    The tragic sinking of Sewol ferry and the ethics of empathy

    Jong won, Lee | 2020, (46) | pp.45~75 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper is to survey developed process around the sinking of Sewol ferry through the topic of empathy. The disaster of Sewol ferry was a tragedy that happened due to the lack of empathy about human life and safety. The hard-heartedness of disaster capitalism came to the front through the catastrophe of Sewol ferry. Empathy is the ability to identify what someone else is thinking or feeling and to respond to their thoughts and feelings with appropriate emotion. Empathy is to prevent both sides’s conflicts and to restore divided relationship. Empathy gives the deep meaning of our lives and drives radical change of our society. According to Nussbaum, empathy has three cognitive elements. The first cognitive element is an appraisal of the severity of other person’s misfortune. The second cognitive requirement is a belief the person’s suffering is unmerited. The third is the eudaimonistic judgement, that is we recognize the fact that we are also exposed by the same misfortunes and sufferings. The Sewol ferry disaster gives us heavy assignment to change thoroughly the structural contradiction of our society. The church emphasize with the sufferings and must participate in the improving the social structures to avoid the disaster such as the Sewol ferry accident.
  • 3.

    Recognition of the Korean Christian Social Movement from the Research Trends

    myung bae Kim | 2020, (46) | pp.79~114 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    It is 136 years when Korean Christianity was planted. Korean Christianity was developed with the national protection movement before Japanese annexation, and it deployed the sovereignty recovery movement during the Japanese colonial period. After the liberation, it was devoted to democratization and the human rights movement against the military dictatorship. Since the 1980s, the unification movement has been carried out by it until now. This paper analyzes the researches on democratization, human rights movement and unification movement after liberation in Korean church history. To this end, this paper examines the research history of democratization, the human rights movement, and the unification movement. Also, it examines what kind of perception the social movement of Korean Christianity developed.
  • 4.

    A Study of the Biblical Meaning and the Christian Social Ethical Interpretation of Forgiveness

    ShinHyung Seong | Seon Wook Kim | 2020, (46) | pp.115~145 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study examines the Christian ethical meaning of forgiveness. This study delves into the Christian ethical implications of forgiveness, while grasping the meaning of sin and forgiveness revealed in the Old and New testaments. To this end, the study develops three points. First, this paper analyzes the meaning of forgiveness in Old Testament tradition as it deals with the social meaning of forgiveness based on the law(Torah) and the prophetic tradition. Second, this study discusses how the social meaning of forgiveness was conveyed through the gospel in the days of Jesus, and through the early church of the Apostle Paul in the New Testament tradition. Third, this study conducts a Christian ethical interpretation of forgiveness, as it examines the dialectical relationship between love and justice of Paul Ricoeur, that the ethics of forgiveness are the process of realizing love and justice. Through this study, forgiveness does not simply mean pursing on the religious dimension for the next world, but pursing on the Christian ethical dimension through the practice love and justice.
  • 5.

    An Analysis of Rev. Gi-Pung Lee’s Discourses on Sanctification: Focusing on His “New Man”(1922)

    Su Kang Ahn | 2020, (46) | pp.147~178 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This research analyzes Rev. Gi-Pung Lee’s discourses on sanctification in his “New Man”. This text is based on Ephesians 4:22-24. Lee’s view of sanctification is based solely on his work “New Man” published in Jonggyogyeoi Jemyeongsa Gangyeonjip(1922) during the Japanese colonial period. The key concepts of Gi-Pung Lee’s ‘Discourses on Sanctification’ could be summarized as follows: First, I attempted to study the order of sanctification based on his diagrammatic argument, focusing on the systematic structure of <① forensic judgment→② human’s fall and corruption→③ the high-prophetic office of Jesus Christ→④ new man>. Second, I treated with Lee’s view of the new(καινός) man based on Ephesians 4:22-24. I concentrated on practical paradigms for five elements as ‘internal combustion’ and five fruits as ‘external extension’. Lee laid great emphasis on the mutual consistency of five elements and five fruits. In addition, I suggest future extensions of this research into Rev. Gi-Pung Lee’s other discourses on sanctification such as ‘his faith and sanctification’, ‘his teaching and sanctification’, and ‘his devotional life and sanctification.’
  • 6.

    Agency theological Investigation on Square Rally

    Lee Seung Gyu | 2020, (46) | pp.179~208 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This article has reviewed the divided positions of Gwanghwamun Rally(2019.3.1/2020.2.22) and Seocho-dong Rally(2019.2.28) in the perspective of agency theology. It is wrong that newspaper reporters and TV reporters mislead the public opinion judging their actions on the basis of partisanship. A rational analytical method is needed for a more mature civil society and a healthy square culture. The philosophical agency theory can objectify the subjective individual civilian activities in the re-modernities paradigm. Through such objectification, the doer can carry out self-reflective contemplations and thus actions that are more mature. Public viewers also can be rid of interpreted partisan ideologies and see these square rallies in an ethical and rational way. This article presents the agency theology as: a theology of connection that facilitate the establishment of civil consciousness; an action theology that distinguishes the right action from wrong; and an apostolic theology that allow for the judgement of such action.
  • 7.

    A Reflection on the Theological Foundation of Cultural Ministry: Focusing on Moltmann and Mouw

    Lee, Chang-Ho | 2020, (46) | pp.209~246 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    There are two major streams in defining Christian cultural ministry. One has as its heart the understanding of cultural ministry as an important tactical means to achieve missionary purposes of evangelism and expand cultural influences within the framework of ‘cultural mission.’ The other is a stream that focuses on a cultural connection between the Christian churches and various forms of public communities. It understands cultural ministry as a mission designed to form and develop public communities in response to their cultural needs. Church cafes, church libraries and cultural centers can be considered as representative channels of such cultural ministries. Considering comprehensively the Christians’ faithful life and practice for the Kingdom of God in holistic terms, I intend to explore theological foundations of Christian cultural ministry with a focus on holistic interpretations of the cultural mandate. To this end, scholars who have faithfully developed the holistic nature of creation and salvation in contemporary theology will be noted. They include Jürgen Moltmann and Richard J. Mouw. Lastly, I will compare and evaluate these two, highlighting similarities and differences, and describe conclusively theological foundations of cultural ministry.
  • 8.

    Safety Net of the State–A Theological Reflection to Ensure Justice and Peace

    Choi, Kyung Suk | 2020, (46) | pp.247~271 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The minimum task of the state is to ensure justice and peace. This is the basis of political theories in the logic of small government theory and large government theory. Ensuring justice and peace, a national task, was derived from the Protestant tradition. Since then, it has been used in modern constitutional order through modern enlightenment and civil revolutions. Luther believes that it is the responsibility of the Church to ensure justice and peace in the world. The role of the church’s preaching and teaching is to watch over the nation to ensure justice and peace. This is the watchman’s role given to the church. The fifth thesis of the Barmen Theological Declaration reiterates that the establishment of justice and peace is the task of the state. In the process of globalization and facilitation, the ecumenical movement extended the establishment of justice and peace beyond the boundaries of individual states and across the globe. Huber understands justice and peace in the same category and extended it globally.
  • 9.

    An East-West Conversation on Homo Technicus and Religious Humanism - From AlphaGo to Avatar

    Myung Su Yang | 2020, (46) | pp.275~308 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    How does technology have to do with religious humanism? Should Christian ethicists support the unlimited development of all human technologies from genetic enhancement to robotics? What should Christian faith say about technology? The purpose of this panel is to engage these issues by inviting two leading Christian ethicists from the East and the West: Dr. Myung-Su Yang from East Asia (South Korea) and Dr. William Schweiker from North America (the United States). This panel is not for a debate between two scholars; instead, it attempts to facilitate mutual learning by intentionally creating an open space where different voices are to be heard with due respect and appreciation.