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2020, Vol., No.48

  • 1.

    Sustainable Church in the COVID-19 Pandemic Era

    Kim,Doohwan | Chulsu Jo | 2020, (48) | pp.9~35 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The COVID-19 pandemic has paralyzed many functions of society with its rapid infectious and fatal symptoms. In the absence of vaccines and treatments, so- cial distancing and none-face-to-face contact became important personal quarantine. Due to the COVID-19 crisis, on-site worship and lunch fellowship are banned or limited in the church. The Korean church is facing a crisis that it has never been experienced. In this situation the sustainability of church is emerging from the reverse thinking. In a non-contact state due to social distancing, the church performs the online worship service instead of on-site worship and shares the fellowship through video calls to keep the communality of being one body of Christ. This paper will examine that the expansion of online worship and fellow- ship in a virtual space contribute to restore the essence of the church and the communality as the basis for church sustainability in the post COVID-19 pan- demic era. In addition the governance composed of pastors and lay members should not fall into pursue church growth and religiousity, but try to realize that the church is the community of life, and to establish a new relationship with the society outside the church with high morality. This paper aims to clarify that the sustainability of the Korean churchfacing the post COVID-19 era can be achieved in a cooperative relationship with a society based on communality through the organic worship and fellowship.
  • 2.

    Reorienting from Globalization to Localization: Enhancement of Ethical Production and Consumption, and Missional Strategies under the Crisis of COVID-19

    Chang Wun Kim | Janghyung Lee | 2020, (48) | pp.37~62 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to respond to the rapid skepticism of globalization, as a joint work between Christian ethics and missiology to seek an appropriate alternative to the missional situation in crisis, and an ethical task to seek the possibility of coexisting globalization and localization under this crisis of Covid-19. For the re- covery of ecology-centered thinking, the mutual relationship between humanity and ecology is suggested, and it is proposed that globalization can be used as an opportunity to restore the values and ethics of production and consumption. In addition, under the circumstances of rapid shrinkage of Christian missions, multi- cultural missions are suggested as a worthy alternative in the Korean society, which is still subject to discussion as vague concepts. For this purpose, the theo- ry of the cultural quotient (CQ), which makes it possible to raise intelligence of multiculturalism of Korean people, is proposed as a developmental tool. In other words, to reorient the values and directions of multicultural missions, the tool can offer systemic understanding and effective applications to a multicultural society. The Covid-19 pandemic situation should not be regarded as a disaster from God, but as an opportunity for reflecting and reorienting the direction of life caused by human unethical life and desire.
  • 3.

    Analysis on Citizenship of the Korean Protestant Church and its Christian Social Ethical Approach

    Park, Sun Young | ShinHyung Seong | Kwangsu Mok and 1other persons | 2020, (48) | pp.63~105 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study analyzes the citizenship of Korean Protestant Christianity using the methodology of big-data and guides the social ethical direction of Korean Protestantism of the present day. First, this study examines the basic values of citizenship in terms of citizenship education while looking at its development in Western society. Accordingly, this study argues how religion (Christianity) reveals citizenship related to the concept of public rationality and civil religion. On the other hand, this research examines the fundamentalist trends of Korean Protestantism to see why it failed to develop such civility in a healthy manner by focusing on big data trends on the levels of civility that Korean Protestantism is currently displaying in Korean society. This analysis demonstrates that Korean Protestantism is shown to be at a negative level in citizenship in certain areas in the Korean society. In order to overcome this phenomenon, this research sug- gests a social ethics alternative, which calls for the development of virtue in terms of public rationality for the passive appearance of religion, and for the realization of community virtues in order to lead a life of hospitality for peace on an active level.
  • 4.

    COVID-19, an ethical task towards ‘Fear’ and ‘Disgust’ of N-Po Generation

    Lee Ji Sung | 2020, (48) | pp.107~133 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In 2020, the disaster triggered by COVID-19 prompted to expose potentially latent social issues in our society. Of them, issues involving the youth have arisen. Since the disaster, the lives of the youth have been highlighted including their attitude in dealing with the disaster to what they do in amidst of the pandemic, however mostly in a negative manner. Even prior, amid, and post the pandemic, the youth belong to N-Po Generation who are given up, abandoned and neglected. These youths are disgusted by ‘Hell Chosun’, a compound word likening Korea to Hell with no hope to live for, as they go through COVID-19 Red, a state of frustration exacerbated than that of COVID-19 Blue. The study hereof was conducted on the premise that the cause of the anger and hate are derived from fear and focused on the state of mind and characteristics of the youth gen- eration amid the pandemic era. In particular, the study linked Martha C. Nussbaum’s discussion on emotions including Anger, Disgust, Envy, etc., with youth issues in Korean society and presented ‘Hope’ which she suggested as an alternative for youth issues.
  • 5.

    Christian Ethical Interpretation in Tasan’s I-Ching

    Uhm Kookhwa | 2020, (48) | pp.137~158 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Dasan defined 『Jooyeok』 as a ‘hoegwajiseo(悔過之書)’, that is, ‘Book of re- pentance’. This research focuses on Christian ethical interpretations revealed in the Dasan’s commentary, rather than dealing with the fortunes of the “Jooyeok” of “hoe” related to the Dasan’s explanation related to Christian ethical interpretation. The range is from the first Geon(乾) of 64 divinations to the 30th of Li(離), and six of them are examined. Chapter 2 deals with the perception and attitude of Dasan’s “Sangje(上帝)” in the interpretation of Dongin(同人) and Song (訟), in terms of the deity-consciousness that is the foundation of Christian ethics. Chapter 3 deals with the humility and incarnation of Christ, which is the epitome of Christian ethics through interpretation of the Gyeom(謙) and Lim(臨). Chapter 4 deals with the Christian practical ethics presented through the interpretation of the Bi(比) and the Mong(蒙).
  • 6.

    Protestantism and Nationalism in South Korea: State Nationalism and Great-National-Unity Nationalism

    Byongsung Lee | 2020, (48) | pp.159~190 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This article compares and examines two Protestant views on nationalism in South Korea: State Nationalism and Great-National-Unity Nationalism. State nationalism is a position that the two Koreas should be unified through liberalism, a political ideology of the Republic of Korea. Korean Protestantism is the most enthusiastic supporter among civic sectors of state nationalism. This study analyzes views of the Rev. Kyung-Chick Han in his whole life and the National Council of Churches in Korea in the 1970s, both of whom held the position of state nationalism. Great-National-Unity nationalism is a position based on the principle of “Great-National-Unity,” a pillar of three principles of unification in The July 4 South-North Joint Communiqué declared in 1972, which states that “a great national unity as one people shall be sought first, transcending differences in ideas, ideol- ogies, and systems.” The view that national unification should sought through “transcending” ideological differences was well presented in The Korean Churches’ Declaration on National Unification and Peace published by the National Council of Churches in Korea in 1988. This study analyzes the nationalistic view presented in the document and discusses conservative Korean Protestants’ critique of Great-National-Unity nationalism.
  • 7.

    Study on Changes in Christians’ Understanding of Violence and Principles for Christianly Response

    Lee, bong-seok | 2020, (48) | pp.191~216 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    As the ethics of Christianity undergoes big changes from pacifism to realism in responding to violence, the just use of violence is said to be “necessity” for maintaining the order of the world. This paper aims to track causes for changes in Christians’ understanding of violence. To this end, first, this paper identifies the causes that differences in epistemological understanding of “correctness” between divine law and human justice may cause differences in coping with violence. Second, it confirms through the gospels according to Matthew and Luke that differences in historical horizon between the communities may cause differences in dealing with violence. Lastly, this paper historically examines changes that oc- curred in Christianity concerning its response to violence. Thus, the paper dis- cusses the unrestrained justice of God and presents how to build “synthetic ethics” that addresses the issue of violence without siding with one side.
  • 8.

    Literature for Healing Risk Society and Community Trauma: Focusing on Korean literature after the Sewol ferry incident

    Lee Young Ho | 2020, (48) | pp.217~255 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Ulrich Baek pointed out that the rapid industrialization of Korean society has led to a dangerous society that is living with complex risks. Furthermore, he ar- gued that Korea should now abandon its growth-oriented rush model and change to a more sustainable and eco-friendly development model. Ulrich Beck argues that literature reproduces time and space through narrative, thus, the nar- rative reproduced the aims at healing community. After the Sewol ferry incident, writers engaged in writing as testimony. It created a space for discourse and memory in the trauma situation caused by the Sewol ferry incident. This was a tradition of Korean literature. The way the novel's representation of the Sewol ferry incident was very similar to the symptoms and healing process of social trauma. Therefore, after the Sewol ferry incident, Korean literature refused to commemorate the simple Sewol ferry incident. Korean literature has played a role in bringing memory to life and bringing each victim to life. For those of us who have not yet moved into the future after that incident, literature guides us on how to endure pain by building a community of loss. These efforts of Korean lit- erature became the starting point for the formation of a “compassionate community” that could restore broken social relationships.
  • 9.

    An Analysis on Conservative Christians’ Participation in Political Protests called ‘Taegeukgi Rally’ from the Perspective of Traumatic Memory

    Jeon Sun-young | Wan Ki Kim | 2020, (48) | pp.257~282 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study examines how to overcome traumatic memory of conservative Christians as a solution to ideological conflict within the church by presenting a view to analyzing their active involvement in political rallies as excessive psychological anxiety caused by historical trauma. The traumatic memory of the great misdeeds and persecution of the Korean War has not yet been overcome, causing fear to most conservative Christians. War experiences are so powerful that they tend to become worldview beliefs, and these internalized beliefs have had a lasting impact on the next generations who did not directly experience war in the divided Korean Peninsula. Such an analysis explains a lot about why con- servative Christians are more likely to participate in political rallies than other groups, and how their political consciousness is combined with religious beliefs. According to the memory discourse of Miroslav Volf, memory should be redeemed. The healing of traumatic memory consists of three steps: securing safety and restoring control, accepting traumatic memory as part of life, and re-connecting with the others. Therefore, rather than unconditionally criticizing conservative Christians participating in Taegeukgi rally, it would be necessary to help them to have confidence in the stability of the liberal democratic system, in order to relieve their fear of war, persecution of Christianity, and return to poverty.