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2021, Vol., No.50

  • 1.

    Sharing Economy through the viewpoint of the Christian Ethics

    Jong won, Lee | 2021, (50) | pp.9~44 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This research examines the sharing economy that draws attention as new innovative power in the digital era through the the viewpoint of the Christian Ethics. The ideal model on the viewpoint of the kingdom of God is the community of the liberty and equality sharing, dividing and enjoying together. Through this, I want to evoke the value of sharing and to suggest the desirable direction which the sharing economy will go forward. The sharing economy promotes effective value and produces profit by sharing us with the assets which we don’t use frequently. The sharing economy attracts our attentions as the collaborative consumption movement which emphasizes the social relations and the sharing value on the basis of trust. The real purpose of the sharing economy must be the more essential social exchange than pursuit the profit through the economic exchange. Thus, the philosophy of sharing economy increases the value as we can share and circulate goods and service more and also spread the culture of sharing.
  • 2.

    A Study on Ethical Responsibility in the 4th Industrial Revolution from the Perspective of Christian Ethics

    Yong-Hun Jo | 2021, (50) | pp.45~80 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study examines the ethical issues of the 4th industrial revolution society that innovative technology would create, and to explore the characteristics of ethical responsibility that can be applied to them from a Christian ethical perspective. The new ethics required in the era of the 4th industrial revolution should not limit the object of moral responsibility and consideration to the hu- man species, but extend it to all living creatures, even to humanoids who may one day communicate emotionally with humans and know how to feel and ex- press pain. And the scope of moral responsibility and consideration should not be limited to the present generation, but extended to future generations. Also, it is necessary to reflect on the fact that modern ethics has often neglected the emotional elements that affect one’s moral judgment process. This is because human beings do not always act rationally, and sometimes heroic and sacrificial ethical behavior arises from emotions. Christians as the image of God, should implement church education that fosters moral responsibility and consideration for the needs of all living creatures and future generations. In particular, Christian ethics need to focus on emotional education to develop the sensibility for suffering beings, that is, moral empathy.
  • 3.

    The Understanding Anabaptism as Post-Constantinianism : On Infant Baptism, Violence, Freedom of Religion

    Kim Ki-Hyun | 2021, (50) | pp.83~110 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper argues that Anabaptism, realted to Post-Constantinianism, protested thoroughly and radically against the Christendom and its ideology, Constantinianism, which was a system that forced the Christian faith through the solidarity and the alliance with the power of the state. Three things are needed to explain that Anabaptism is Post-Constantianism: the rejection of infant baptism which was the origin of the Anabaptist. the martyrdom of Michael Sattler, the author of the Schleitheim Confession of the Anabaptists, and religious freedom that made them tolerating differences in faith and advocated religious tolerance. Even if it were paganism and heresy, they, who strongly opposed the solution of force and power, went too far ahead of their times. On the verge collapse of Constantine system and its world view, re-examining the Anabaptists, who were the most radical critic among the Reformers, will be the way to re-member and re-present the Reformation and be the alternative for Korea churches.
  • 4.

    Spatial Meaning of ‘4·16 Life-Safety Park’

    Kim, Seongho | 2021, (50) | pp.111~134 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This article explores the spatial meaning of the 4·16 Life-Safety Park on how to remember the Sewol ferry and recover the wounds. After examining the proc- ess for the creation of the 4·16 Life-Safety Park, the spatial meaning of the 4·16 Life-Safety Parka space is examined with concept of ‘territorialization of memory, and ‘therapeutic landscaping. First, the 4·16 Life-Safety Park as a memory space not only provides a space for mourning and remembrance to the victims’ families, but also a space for mourning and remembrance for social disasters. Second, it is a space for healing and reconciliation, and a space for territorialization of memories. In addition, it is a space created through the process of conflict and consensus, and is located in a park in the city center and has various possibilities including urban regeneration. Finally, this article offers several suggestions for the 4·16 Life-Safety Park to become a symbolic and practical space that goes be- yond mourning and commemoration for the pain and sorrow caused by social disasters and creates hope for the future toward a society that values safety and life.
  • 5.

    Is the War on Terrorism Justified and Effective?: Focusing on Augustine’s Just War Theory and Critique of its Application

    Kim Hakbong | 2021, (50) | pp.135~166 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Augustine is considered the first theologian to conceive and develop a distinctly Christian ‘just war’ theory that legitimizes war. In his theory, Augustine ad- dresses the cause, intention, and specific conditions that make war justifiable. The problem, however, is that Augustine’s theory of just war has been employed to justify wars such as the medieval crusades, and it is now used to legitimize modern warfare such as the ‘war on terrorism.’ In this context, this paper explores whether the war on terrorism can actually be justified based on Augustine’s theory and whether it is effective as a response to terrorism. To this end, the study first deals with Augustine’s concept of ‘just war,’ then examining its historical interpretations and applications, and finally discussing the justifications for and effectiveness of the war on terrorism. Through this process, the paper argues that since jus in bello (justice in war), Augustine’s prerequisite for just war, is not carefully actualized in counterterrorism warfare and the continuous use of military force cannot resolve the root causes of terrorism, the war on terrorism cannot be claimed to be justified and nor is it effective. Therefore, it is suggested that non-violent actions such as international cooperation and humanitarian efforts that can mitigate or eliminate the causes of terrorism and thus have a more positive effect on the situation of terrorism should be reflected as key principles in counterterrorism policy.
  • 6.

    Christian Ethical Approach toward the Narrative Analysis of Korean-Style Fantasy

    ShinHyung Seong | 2021, (50) | pp.167~196 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study analyzes Korean-style fantasy narrative, interprets their ethical meaning, and approaches them with a Christian ethical perspective. First of all, this study examines the nature of narratives while attempting to understand Korean-style fantasy. To this end, this study selects “Along with God – the Two Worlds” as an example of Korean-style fantasy. It is the realization of justice and fairness based on causal retribution. In addition, this study overviews readers’ narratives through big-data analysis, which does not reveal much difference ethically between Christians and non-Christians, showing the lack of proper teaching of Christian ethics to church members. Thus, this study presents Christian ethical alternatives to approach these issues. This study proposes a Christian ethical practice of achieving justice through love beyond causal retribution, that is, to practice social ethics to create a community of peace, reconciliation, forgiveness, and hospitality. Also, the Korean church should shift from the afterlife-oriented perspective to the ethics of God’s kingdom. Because the kingdom of God has already begun with Jesus’ incarnation, and because the teaching of Jesus to live a life of loving his enemy means living a future-oriented (eschatological hope) life. Creating new narratives through these ethical lives will be the way to save the Korean church.
  • 7.

    A Study on the Need of Transformational Assets for 5.0 Stage Life: With Emphasis on the Utilization Plan for the Middle- and Old-aged Manpower in an Age of the 100-Year Life

    Lee, Sang Hoon | 2021, (50) | pp.197~224 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Instead of using neither top-down nor bottom-up approaches, this study pro- poses an inside-out approach to deal with the issues of low birth rate and pop- ulation aging. The inside-out approach refers to inner transformation or becoming a new person that find expression in theological ethical living and human model. It is firmly based on the fact that only the Holy Spirit has the power to bring about a change in perspective on and attitude toward money, people, and world, as a result of inner transformation or becoming a new person. We will al- so examine how to tackle or overcome the limits and problems that are often caused in working (after retirement) mainly for financial reasons and govern- ment-led job creation project. The utilization plan for the middle- and old-aged manpower in an age of the 100-year life can be successfully carried out on the basis of transformational assets required for planning and living 4.0, 5.0- stage lives, which need to take transitions and receive reeducations.
  • 8.

    A Typological Analysis and Meanings of the Protestant Monastic Movements in Korea

    Janghyung Lee | 2021, (50) | pp.225~259 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study examines the meaning and direction of the Protestant monastery movement required in this era by investigating various Protestant monasteries in Korea and conducting typological analysis. Firstly, as the emergence of the mo- nastic movement is a reflection of social chaos and the depravity of the church, it can be seen that our modern society demands the succession of the movement and is already developing in various forms. Secondly, a more active and specific Protestant monastic movement is needed. In a world subjugated to the idols of Mammonism, the church should be reformed according to a monastic community distinct from the trend of the times. Thirdly, a return to the space separated from the secular world and focuses on spiritual training (whether long-term or tempo- rary) is needed. Currently, many prayer centers and spiritual centers are facing difficulties in management, because buildings and investments are prioritized over people and contents. In consideration of Catholic retreats, the space for “spirituality training” is required to embrace people in the postmodern era restoring the Protestant tradition of Bible study for revival.
  • 9.

    The underestimated human risk factor: Christian ethical debate about nuclear power in Fukushima

    Young Ho Cho | 2021, (50) | pp.261~303 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Since the Fukushima accident, our society has been engaged in various dis- cussions on denuclearization and energy conversion. And such debates and cli- mate crises call for social change called energy conversion. The demands of these times allow for interdisciplinary discussions on nuclear power and nuclear energy. This issue is the risk of being human. From this awareness of the problem, this paper attempts to present a Christian ethical perspective for the energy conversion that is carried out in connection with nuclear power generation and nuclear energy. We try to understand nuclear energy and nuclear power, espe- cially in terms of generational justice with human public good (welfare). This pa- per examines the overall debate on nuclear energy and deal with how changes in energy policy will affect humans and human life. Thus, this study demonstrates that changes in energy policy are immediately a matter of human welfare and of tomorrow’s definition of human beings.
  • 10.

    On the Way to Globalization for Solidarity in the Post-Corona Era

    Choi, Kyung Suk | 2021, (50) | pp.305~333 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study examines the concept of solidarity in order to deal with Christian ethics for this pandemic era, concentrating on the Bible and theology. In the Old Testament, human beings were created to be in solidarity with each other. In the New Testament, Jesus teaches solidarity with the socially weak. Through the Reformation era, solidarity is achieved through the freedom God has given to man. Solidarity is presented as human ethics because it encompasses actions through mutual cooperation. The ecumenical movement offers solidarity by giving priority to the poor and expanding its scope to ecology. Public theology pro- vides a way of globalization based on solidarity. Thus, this research demonstrates the formation of globalization for solidarity in the post-corona era.
  • 11.

    North Korean Defectors and Korean Protestant Churches: Towards an Ethical Hospitality

    Hong, Chang-Hyun | 2021, (50) | pp.335~361 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper analyzes and critiques the relationship between North Korean defectors and Korean Protestant churches through Emmanuel Levinas’ philosophical lens. The representative five denominations are examined on their role in the relationship with the defectors. The article argues that the churches, regardless of denominations, perceive the defectors in a church-centered perspective which brings otherization and polarization of the defectors. The defectors’ being and actions are captured into the dominant narrative of the churches and utilized for the sake of the churches. Levinas’ philosophical idea ‘hospitality’ is suggested as a way to exile from the limitations of a church-centric attitude. Following Levinas’ idea, the churches’ hospitality becomes not only welcoming the defectors’ subjectivity but also a political struggle to emancipate the defectors from the gaze of abhorrence and oppressed social structure of the South.