This study set out to reorganize the virtue ideas found in “Sermon on the Mount” by John Wesley according to the virtual ethics methodologies of Alasdair MacIntyre and Stanley Hauerwas. In the aspects of virtue ethics that focus on the being of a doer and emphasize a doer’s character or virtue, the study analyzed the true nature of virtue ethics in Wesley’s “Sermon on the Mount” with a focus on the teleology, historicity, community spirit, and narrative concepts of MacIntyre and Hauerwas.
Wesley’s character ethics was understood in the four following ways: First, Wesley’s sanctification theory is thoroughly teleological. Second, his sanctification ethics is historical in that it was conceived against the backdrop of periodic contexts and communal in that the main virtues in his sermons happen in church. Third, his virtue ethics developed through his sermons that he performed throughout his life, and his sermons were completely dependent on so-called “God’s narratives” such as the Bible, the Gospel, and Lord’s sermons on the mount. Finally, Christian virtues emphasized by Wesley follow those of eight blessings, so-called Eight Main Virtues including humility, hope, gentleness, justice, love, truth, peace, and hardship.