The main task of this paper is to investigate the activities of the Korean Protestant churches to protect the human rights of democrats and student activists who were violating human rights in the oppressive governing structure during the military dictatorship of Chun Doo-hwan in the 1980s. This is because there have been few studies on Protestant human rights move- ments in the 1980s. Therefore, this thesis first made it a primary task to investigate the human rights movement of Protestants in the 1980s historically. To this end, in Chapter 2, this paper briefly deals with the Protestant understanding of human rights and the history of the human rights movement in the 1970s. And Chapter 3 deals with the history of the Protestant human rights movement in the 1980s under the oppressive rule of the Chun Doo-hwan regime. Finally, Chapter 4 summarizes the characteristics of Protestant human rights in the 1980s.