Religion, the symbol of peace, becomes a cause for conflicts around the world. Although the analysis of reasons when religious activities expressed ac- cording to religious convictions are related to violence are diverse, the researcher will attempt to study the ‘religious violence’ associated with the society‘s ‘political and economical components’ in this paper. In the western globalization trend, re- sistance against the economic system of capitalism is the primary economic factor for religious violence, and the collusion of religious and political powers during the process of secularization can become the political cause for religious violence. The researcher will examine the definition of religious violence, Western scholars‘ theories on how religious violence becomes associated with religious convictions, political and social factors, and make a brief proposal regarding the task of the community for peace in this paper. There are several papers on ‘religious violence’ in Korean Christian academia. Still, many are limited to peace concepts particular to specific religions, so the research on the compositive social factors such as political and economic factors is expected to promote further understanding of religious violence. Since this paper relied on Western English-speaking scholars‘ analysis, the limit to document analysis exists. However, this paper may assist as preliminary research, considering the possi- bility of religious conflicts associated with Korean society‘s political and economic issues.