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2021, Vol.27, No.2

  • 1.

    Infection and Mutation—On the H. P. Lovecraft’s fiction and “Project LC. RC”

    Bok Do Hoon | 2021, 27(2) | pp.13~44 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This article describes the fear of infection through the Covid19 pandemic and the rapid phase change of human species with H. P. Lovecraft’s fiction and “Project LC. RC”. Pandemic and climate change, which can be called global weirding, fundamentally question the status and history of human species in the ecosystem. The horror creature and cosmological indifferentism in Lovecraft’s weird fiction are contemporary in that they help shed light on today’s global weirding. But Lovecraft’s racism allows him to ask more fundamental questions about the logjam of his cosmic horror. “Project LC. RC” are a Korean writers’s works of cultural variation that rewrites controversial racism and misogyny in Lovecraft’s fiction. Such variation becomes the task of creating a mutation in Lovecraft as it becomes infected with the affection of Lovecraft’s writing. This article first noted the creative power of Lovecraft’s fiction that induces such a mutation. And under this premise, this article wanted to reveal the meaning of Lee Seo young, Eun rim, and Kim Bo young’s recreates of Lovecraft’s fiction through the analysis of images and motifs of abject, plant creature and symbiosis. Specifically, Lovecraft’s creature, which evokes phallic fear, turns into an image of an abject embracing and comforting women’s despair(“I Want You to Stay Low”), a plant creature that provides women with refuge(“Color in the Well”), and a creature of care and symbiotic life(“A Sea of Plague”). This recreate/rewriting has contemporary significance in that it embodies values such as labor, care, and solidarity in their works. The conclusion noted another power of creative variation in Lovecraft’s fiction, which is not reduced to recreate/rewriting.
  • 2.

    Imagination of Infection in SF and Zombie Narratives

    Sungmin Choi | 2021, 27(2) | pp.45~77 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The aftermath of the COVID-19 virus continues. There are two potential fears behind the various preventive and quarantine measures. : the fear that “I may be infected” and the fear that “someone may infect me”. This subconscious is built on the ‘imagination of infection’. This paper attempted to analyze science fiction(SF) narratives and zombie narratives that influenced our imagination of infection. And this paper attempts to examine how SF novels and movies understand and express “infection”, and how zombie narratives reveal “infection” and its horror. Mary Shelley’s novel “The Last Man” revealed the paradox that the fear of an infectious disease gave humanity an opportunity for reflection. The films <Contagion> and <The Flu(Gamgi)> showed that fear and aversion to infectious diseases can lead to riots and conflict. Zombie narrative is a genre that most dramatically expresses the horror of infection. Director Yeon Sangho’s zombie trilogy, including <Train To Busan(Busanhaeng)>, reveals that people around you can turn into the most dangerous source of infection. Through SF and zombie narratives, we can realize that humanity must have a humble sense of solidarity, ethics, and empathy in the face of infectious diseases. Through this narrative texts, we can realize the importance of the imagination of infection. Imagination of infection is the basis for understanding the causes and consequences of the spread of infection, the process and future prospects.
  • 3.

    A Study on the ‘Zombie Narrative’ in Modern Korean Novels

    Soryun Kim | 2021, 27(2) | pp.79~104 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The content that is actively consumed in popular culture today is definitely the ‘Zombie Narrative’. ‘Zombie’ is soon positioned as a unique character that reveals the times in which we live in conjunction with the uniqueness of Korean society. Zombies, however, are rarely narrated in traditional Korean modern novels though science-fiction novels constructively deal with them. This paper focuses on the existence of ‘zombie’, which seldom appears in modern novels. The paper also aims to illuminate the literary value of the ‘zombie narrative’ that is explosively consumed in modern society. In the main part, I talk about the horrors of ‘ignorance’ appearing in the existence of zombies in relation to those of the problem concerning “unknown”. As one of the crucial characteristics of the zombies, moreover, the “absence” of the “thinking” was considered in terms of “ignorance” in relation to the concept of “Banality of evil” raised by Hannah Arendt. This paper also pays attention to the possibility of a new solidarity between zombies and humans depicted in novels. This possibility can be seen as a search for solidarity between humans and zombies, beyond the solidarity between humans who survived from zombies. The paper enlightens a new relationship between a captor and a captive that dichotomous scale impossibly explains and presents a possible new story. As discussed above, as this study searches for the existence of ‘zombies’ that seldom appear in contemporary Korean novels, it clearly signifies the literary value of ‘zombies’ and further possible narratives concerning ‘zombies’. Furthermore, this study appreciates the extension of the existing ‘zombie narrative’ researches, which has been mainly focused on films.
  • 4.

    Group storytelling with multi-storyteller in single person media game contents on Youtube—focused on viewer-participating contents in <Daedoseogwan TV(buzzbean11)> channel

    Hye Bin Kil | Soyoung Kim | 2021, 27(2) | pp.107~142 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Emergence of new media platform had changed relationship between the broadcaster and the viewer, which used to form ‘performer-audience’ structure. This research has focused on the transition of ‘streamer-viewer’ role in single-media broadcasting, such as Youtube or Twitch, and identify how they progress group storytelling as a team. Walter Benjam and Leslie Marmon Silko’s notion of ‘story and storyteller’ and Erving Goffman’s ‘social role theory’ was used to define participants’ role in new media broadcasting. <Daedoseogwan(buzbean11> channel, on Youtube, was selected and analyzed as example case. The domain of ‘front stage’ was broadened in recorded contents comparing to live streaming. The audience of live streaming is included to the front stage during the expansion. The role of streamer, game participant, and live stream contents viewer is also adjusted during the change, which leads to group-creation of the contents. Streamer plays a role of main-storyteller and suggest identity of the community. Game participants work as sub-storyteller, filling in the blank space in game storytelling and making it sophisticated. They also perform based on community’s identity, which streamer has built in advance. Lastly, live steam viewers are intermittent sub-storyteller, which seldom add up the narrative. Though, their main role is to preserve identity of game broadcasting community by reacting according to community’s identity. As a result, the game broadcasting narrative is developed by combining and adding up pieces of story made in different level and role of participants. The research redefine the role of viewer and storytelling method in new media, especially in single-person broadcasting. Considering the rapid shift in recent media and contents, a new approach to the streamer-veiwer role and group storytelling of this research can be one of the new method to analyze contents produced in new media, such as Youtube.
  • 5.

    How did ‘Partisan’ become ‘The red’: The impossibility of pain-representation in the 1970s-1980s—Focusing on Lee Byung-Ju’s 『Jirisan

    Suk Ja Park | 2021, 27(2) | pp.143~177 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In the history of Korean literature, evaluations on 『Jirisan』 (Lee Byeong-ju) are bisected. Some evaluate it as a novel of authentic records which reproduces the history before and after the emancipation objectively while others say it takes advantage of anti-communistic ideology. This study analyzes that difference is resulted not from the distinction of perspectives but from cracks in the text. This is associated with the process of 『Jirisan』’s publication. 『Jirisan』 was published serially in 『Sedae』 from 1972, and then, part of the manuscript was published in 1978 and the whole edition published in a series came to be republished in 1981. After that, in 1981 and 1985, part of the follow-up story was printed on the magazine, and then, with the memoirs of those two years as materials, the sixth and seventh volumes were again published through ‘revision’. In other words, the publication of 『Jirisan』 is divided into that of the edition published in a series and that of the edition published in 1985 including the contents of revision. The theme of the work, 『Jirisan』 differs according to the point of its completion you may think of. This researcher pays attention to the difference of perspectives between the contents up to the fifth volume and those of the sixth and seventh volumes. Particularly, his evaluation on ‘partisans’ seems to have changed. In the edition published in a series, he extended ‘partisans’ into the independence movement in the Japanese colonial era under the Revitalizing Reforms system and adopted the representation of ‘partisans’ three-dimensionally whereas in the sixth and seventh volumes, he reproduced ‘partisans’ as beings that were the ‘doctrinaire’ and ‘vicious’ ‘Reds’ and had to be punished. In brief, with 『Jirisan』, he represented ‘partisans’ in the background of history before and after the emancipation and segmented the discourse, representation and ideology of the Cold War system, but in the process of revision, he stitched up ‘partisans’ as beings that were evil and losers. Consequently, with 『Jirisan』, he revealed the process of division and contention that proceeded around anti-communism/capitalism within the abyss of the 1970’s to 80’s and reproduced ‘partisans’ as beings that were either ‘hostile (the Reds)’ or ‘unknown (losers)
  • 6.

    Articulation of Characteristics and Image—Focused on the Manmun-Manwha

    Eunyoung Seo | 2021, 27(2) | pp.179~214 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to reconsider the background of the acceptance and formation of Manmun Manhwa in colonial Joseon. It raises questions about previous discussions that cartoons have emerged as a political product of Japan’s suppression of the media. Through this, this paper look at other possibilities in consideration of the colonial Joseon’s situation of inner movement and the influx of popular culture. The term “Manmun-Manhwa” was first used in 1925, not by Ahn Seok-Ju. In addition, Ahn Seok-Ju returned home after studying in Tokyo and developed a cartoon in earnest. This paper traces the background and meaning of his interest in universal comics. Ahn Seok-Ju emphasized literary characteristics and image to all cartoonists. This marked the birth of a cartoonist with literary qualities and a cartoonist with the ability to write. This represents the cultural scene of the 1920s and 1930s, which was reorganized from text-oriented to Image text, with the emergence of a unique style of universal comics. In the end, Manmun Manhwa(comics) have emerged as the purpose of modern journalism and a strategy to popularize them. Considering the circumstances of this era, the acceptance of Manmun Manhwa is being examined in various ways in the connection between comics and essays. Like this, Manmun Manhwa are an important symbol of the colonial cultural arena, reorganizing not only cartoon history but also modern media into image text.
  • 7.

    The Family and Individual in the Transmedia Storytelling of Young Adult Narratives

    Hyekyung Chung | 2021, 27(2) | pp.215~262 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This thesis focuses on Wandeuki and Elegant Lies - novels written by Kim Ryeo-reong and adapted into the film by Director Lee Han; this thesis analyzes the process of storytelling being transformed as the media is converted. Also, this thesis discusses cultural-political implications of transmedia storytelling where different narrative responses coexist concerning post-IMF family disorganization and “individualization.” First of all, this thesis critically reviews existing discourses on the concept of transmedia storytelling and refers to ‘transfictionality’ the narratological concept of Marie-Laure Ryan in order to look into media conversion storytelling that starts from original novels. The novels Wandeuki and Elegant Lies show two aspects of “individualization” that adopts existential conditions of family disorganization. Wandeuki deviates from patriarchal family romance through self-discovery and exhibits loose family bond, which is something similar to companionship of close individuals. Elegant Lies shows individualization of pain by portraying a teenager who found herself completely isolated, while showing that it is impossible for the people left behind to mourn. On the other hand, director Lee Han’s films <Punch(the English title of Wandeuki)> and <Thread of Lies(the English title of Elegant Lies)> show stories in which family members, who are confronting family dissolution, rediscover and restore their families against family dissolution. The film <Punch> promotes the expansion of family community through multicultural identity, and the film <Thread of Lies> completes condolence of the people left behind by having the remaining families survive as survivors of suicide. The storyworld of the novels puts emphasis on ‘self-discovery’ of individual adolescents, while the storyworld of the movies puts emphasis on ‘rediscovery of family’. Through transformation of storytelling - especially the redesigning of narrative structures called “modification” - transmedia storytelling shows that the relationship between media-converted texts is far from “faithful representation,” but rather, shows conflicting themes and perspectives. With a reference point of ‘the emergence of character’ transmedia storytelling, which is predicated on the original work but aims to free itself from the original work by transforming storytelling through media conversion, opens up polyphonic storyworld by creating heterogeneous voices. In the post IMF-era, where uncertainty mounts over family dissolution and individualization, polyphonic storyworld created by transmedia storytelling provides an opportunity to experience disparate desires over individual freedom/risk and complacency toward community. We can call this the cultural-political implication of transmedia storytelling based on transferring, transcednding, and transforming.
  • 8.

    The Anthropocene and the Humanities—Future of the Earth and the Humanities Envisioned by the Ecofeminism of Carolyn Merchant’s

    Yun-Jong Lee | 2021, 27(2) | pp.265~291 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper explores the academic topography of the discourses on the anthropocene to delve into how the humanities can insightfully respond to the ecological crisis of the Earth through the lens of environmental humanities proposed in a 2020 book, The Anthropocene and the Humanities: From Climate Changes to a New Age of Sustainability by a scientific philosopher, Carolyn Merchant. By publishing her latest book, The Anthropocene and the Humanities, Merchant, a pioneering scholar of ecofeminism, has recently started into inquiring into the discourses on the anthropocene, meaning a geological age led by anthropos/humans. In one of her most distinguished works of 1980, The Death of Nature: Women, Ecology, and the Scientific Revolution, Merchant has revealed that the modern Western perception of nature, often identified with women, have been figuratively killing nature as well as women. Arguing in The Anthropocene and the Humanities that the anthropocene has been enacting a “second death of nature,” which has been practically and technially killing nature, Merchant calls for the insight of the environmental humanities that help us to build a “sustainable livelihood” based on the “partnership” between human and nonhuman nature. This paper contemplates on what humanities can do in the era of anthropocenic planetarian crisis with the environmental humanistic alternatives in ecofeminist perspective to overcome the anthropocenic crisis aggravated by the covid-19 occurred at the point when the climate change was viscerally felt by the humans in the twenty first century.