The most frequently mentioned word is the 4th Industrial Revolution, and the interest in artificial intelligence is especially hot. Artificial intelligence is often divided into weak and strong artificial intelligence. At the core of this distinction is the autonomy that recognizes, identifies and operates the concept elements of artificial intelligence.
The development of science and technology is emerging faster than we can imagine. These advanced technologies are also used in the area of police activity and will be used in various forms in the future. In particular, the emergence of robots equipped with artificial intelligence in police activities will serve as a facilitator of paradigm change.
However, the development of science and technology has positive aspects such as giving abundance and convenience to our lives, but it is like a double-edged sword where negative aspects coexist at the same time, such as harming us through misuse or malfunction of technology. The science and technology in which positive and negative coexist will develop more than the present, and will affect society as a whole. As a result, it is important to find a way to remove the problem with proactive measures before it becomes a social problem.
The police exist to maintain the well-being and order of the people, and accordingly, they play a role in various fields. In particular, they can be seen as acting mainly on the big axis of crime prevention and crime investigation. According to the social change, there are various devices that can be used in the case of the police, and the development of more advanced devices will help police activities in the future.
So far, the robot police have remained at a level equipped with functions as a software device, and its role is not only limited, but also considered to be for display effects. However, in the future, it is judged that the application of artificial intelligence robots in the police area will be realized. Therefore, the discussion on the scope of utilization should start from now on, and alternatives to various problems that may arise from this should also be presented.