In this thesis, academic boundaries such as philosophy, literature, religion, and Buddhism are broken. Using René Girard (1923-2015)’s theory of desire as an analysis tool, I tried a new reading of the Shuzhang 書狀 (The Letters of Chan Master Dahui 大慧). Here, the letters sent and received with three people: Sūn yǔ 孫與, Zōngzhí gé 宗直閣, and Céng tiānyóu 曾天遊 were intensively analyzed with the theory of desire. In his letter, he revealed that there is a desire to be recognized for the view and state of Chan, the desire to suppress or shake off emotions, and the desire to live like a monk. And he explained that all these desires are nothing more than mimetic desires, and have nothing to do with Chan or enlightenment.