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2019, Vol.9, No.2

  • 1.

    Educational Needs Analysis for Developing a Sports Leader Mental Coaching Program

    Lee Youngsil | Kyung Hwa Lee | 2019, 9(2) | pp.1~21 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to analyze the educational need for mental coaching program development for sports leaders. Based on the previous research, the questionnaire for the educational needs analysis was prepared. The content validity was verified by one professor of pedagogy and two coaching experts, and 150 sports leaders were surveyed. The collected data was analyzed with t-test, Borich need assessment model and the Locus for Focus Model. The findings of this study showed that sports leaders recognized almost the importance and educational necessity of five sub-factors of mental control, self-regulation, coaching leadership, coaching skill and communication. According to the Borich’s educational need analysis, the ranked order was listening, emotion control, alternative search, concentration, and anxiety control. The results of the Locus for Focus Model were derived from the six components of concentration, behavior planning, listening, feedback, empathy, and understanding of others in the HH segment. Based on the results of this study, some implications were suggested.
  • 2.

    Composition and Effectiveness on Animal-Mediated Activities for the Enhancement of the Personality of 1-Year-Old Infants

    Kim, Mi-Ran | Kwon, Hye JIn | 2019, 9(2) | pp.23~37 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study was conducted to provide basic information for animal-mediated activities for improving the personality of 1-year-old infants. To do this, the researcher extracted the personality elements of 1-year-old infants, selected the mediated animal for infants, and developed the mediated activities. Twelve sessions of animal-mediated activities were applied to 1-year-old infants for testing the effectiveness of the activities. There were statistically significant differences in the pre- and post-test scores in sub-factors of personality such as respect, order, care, sharing and cooperation. Based on the results of the study, the researcher discussed animal-mediated activities for the development of personality of 1-year-old infants.
  • 3.

    The Effect of Parenting Behaviors and Peer Relationships on Early Adolescents’ Self-concept

    kim,so.young | 2019, 9(2) | pp.39~56 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study investigated the longitudinal relationships among self-concept, parenting behaviors, peer relationships by ACLM(Autoregressive Cross-Lagged Modeling) for early adolescents’students. For this analysis, metric invariance, configural invariance, and error covariance invariance assumptions were met. The data was Korean Education Longitudinal Study (KELS) collected by Korea Educational Development Institute (KEDI), for three years (1st year, 2013, elementary 5th), (2nd year, 2014, elementary 6 th) (3rd year, 2015, middle 1st). The results showed that the self-concept, parenting behaviors, and the peer relationships had a significant autoregressive effect (p<.01) across three years in the group. But, the autoregressive effects for the self-concept and parenting behavior were larger than the peer relationships’ autoregressive effect. That is, the peer relationship is less stable than self - concept or parenting behavior, and therefore it is more likely to change over time. The cross-lagged regressive effects showed that the self-concept is more influenced by the parenting behaviors than peer relationships. The parenting behaviors were also influenced by the self-concept, and these two variables were complementary causality that acted as cause and effect. In the relationship between the self - concept and the peer relationships, the self - concept only acted as a cause of the peer relationship.
  • 4.

    Differential Influences of Creativity upon Development

    Lee Jeongkyu | Park, Choonsung | Eun-Hyun Sung and 2other persons | 2019, 9(2) | pp.57~71 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to identify the differential influences of creativity upon development. Kindergarten and elementary school in the early stages of development are known to undergo a unique period of creativity slump related to the development of creativity. It is known that scholars have disagreements about how this period appears in concrete terms. Therefore, this study examined the relationship between intelligence and convergence ability to identify the creativity slump phenomenon. For this purpose, we measured the creativity, creative personality, intelligence, and convergence ability of kindergarten students and grade 1 ~ 4 elementary school students and confirmed the differential influence. The results show that creativity, creative personality, intelligence, and convergence ability have different patterns according to development. Creativity, intelligence, and convergence ability increase as grade increases, but creative personality revealed a slump with development.
  • 5.

    The Effects of Differentiated Instruction on Children’s Creativity and Self-confidence Improvement in Integrated Classrooms with Gifted Children

    위성효 | Jinmi Tae | 2019, 9(2) | pp.73~93 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    In the early childhood where the developmental individual differences are larger than those at any time, the environment of facilitating learning that meets the characteristics and needs of individual infants is important. Especially in the classroom where gifted young children are born with excellent potential, teachers are afraid that they will damage the extra curiosity and talents of the infant gifted, or they are often embarrassed because they do not know how to appropriately guide young children's gifted children, which interfere with the learning of ordinary children. This study verified the effect of differentiated instruction in the integrated classroom on the improvement of the creativity and self-confidence of high-potential gifted children and general children, by allowing the gifted children to fully demonstrate their competency and contribute positively to the growth of the general children. The results of this study showed a significant improvement in creativity for both general and gifted children, but self-confidence did not show significant improvement. This study is meaningful in that it demonstrated a case for applying differentiated instruction in the integrated classroom with gifted children, and verified its effect
  • 6.

    Exploration on the Process of College Students’ Dropout

    parkgeumju | 2019, 9(2) | pp.95~115 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to explore the reasons of college students’ dropout. Data analysis and interpretation were based on grounded theory, presented paradigm model, analyzed the process and derived core categories. Through open-cording, we derived 39 concepts, 14 sub-categories, and 12 categories. In the paradigm model, firstly, by axis coding, the central phenomena of the causal conditions, which have some results: For example, awareness of college rank, negative interpersonal relationships, worries and conflicts about the dropout. Secondly, contextual conditions corresponding to central phenomena which were lack of discipline in university life, discrepancy of expectation in university life, and a university makes me feel small. Thirdly, the arbitration conditions were that consideration for their filed of majors and beginning new experience at the university. Forth, the action and interaction strategy are trying to collect opinions for dropout and isolating from everyday life. Meanwhile, they choose two options both dropout and choice for the future. The core categories in select coding that is choosing a career for a better future, in specific, they considered that a career path by choosing their major in school form preparatory stage of the university entrance examination to the after graduate.
  • 7.

    The Perception and Practice of Parents and Child care staff on the Early Childhood Rights

    Seo, Young Mi | 2019, 9(2) | pp.117~135 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to establish the direction of the childcare environment based on the future education and the early childhood rights by studying the perception and practice of parents and child care staff about early childhood rights. The subjects of this study were a total of 248 parents of infants and toddlers using support center for childcare in Jeonbuk, and 262 teachers and directors working in the same day care center. Corresponding sample t-tests were conducted to verify the difference between the importance and practice of early childhood rights. The findings showed that all parents and childcare staff were aware of the importance of early childhood rights, but the level of practice was somewhat lower than the recognition of early childhood rights. This suggests that a conceptual understanding of early childhood rights for implementing early childhood rights and a new understanding based on developmental features must be made and a concrete implementation plan must be presented. In addition, since the degree of recognition and implementation is different, it is necessary to provide an institutional device capable of monitoring the degree of implementation of early childhood rights. Ultimately, parents and childcare staff should offer infants opportunities to respect them as unique entities and to deepen and promote their own autonomous decisions and understanding of their interests, hopes and best interests.
  • 8.

    Feasibility Test of a Checklist for Cooling-off Counseling for Students Considering School Dropout: Based on the Experience of Cooling-off Counseling and the Institutional Types

    Jung sunyoung | 2019, 9(2) | pp.137~165 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to confirm the reliability and feasibility of a checklist for cooling-off counseling for students considering school dropout. The checklist based on the study of Jung (2018) consists of 17 questions of six factors. In this study, the detailed questions were finalized through a review by three Delphi experts to verify the validity of this checklist, and the research questions were set around to look into how different they are according to the experience of school dropout counseling and their respective institutional types in a survey study of 309 school counselors nationwide. The results of the study are as follows: First, through the analysis of Delphi experts, the checklist for cooling-off counseling was developed into 17 questions with 6 factors such as problem identification, support exploration, alternatives search, target setting, execution & evaluation, and link & harvest. Second, the school counselor's questionnaire on the checklist confirmed that the 17 questions were well described verifying the reliability and feasibility of the tool. Third, the checklist was found to be more relevant by a significant margin when the experience of cooling-off counseling was compared. Fourth, the checklist were found to be more suitable for cooling-off counseling in middle school, high school, and education bureaus than in elementary school, and were most likely to be generalized especially in high school.