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pISSN : 2234-7534

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 0.95
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2020, Vol.10, No.2

  • 1.

    Development and Validation of a Lifelong Learning Competence Scale for South Korean Adults

    Jun, Jusung | 2020, 10(2) | pp.1~21 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a scale to measure the lifelong learning competence of adults in South Korea. This study followed the development and validation procedures of measurement tools proposed by Shin, Kim, & Kim (2009) and DeVellis (2003). Twenty-seven items of the lifelong learning competence scale of adults in South Korea, confirmed through a pilot survey, were validated through the main survey. The samples of the main survey were 799 adults over 19 years old. Construct validity, convergent validity, discriminant validity, cross validation, and criterion validity were analyzed with the collected data. There are major two conclusions. First, the scale for measuring the lifelong learning competence of adults in South Korea developed and validated in this study is a measurement tool that can measure ‘the basic learning competence required for adults living in modern society to live their daily lives'. Second, this scale consists of six competences of self-understanding, complex problem-solving, collaboration, correct decision-making, social change sensitivity, and self-directedness with 27 items.
  • 2.

    The Effect of Public Sector Employees’ Job Characteristics on Innovation Behavior: Mediation by Public Service Motivation and Work Engagement

    Hee-won Park | Song, Hae Deok | 2020, 10(2) | pp.23~46 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to examine how the job characteristics perceived by employees of public institutions affect their Innovation Behavior. It also explored whether PSM (public service motivation) and WE (work engagement) had a mediating effect in the structural relationship. The perceived job characteristics were divided into Social Worth and Social Effect from the perspective of social exchange theory. For this study, the data collected from 495 employees of public institutions in South Korea were analyzed using the structural equation model. Findings have shown that perceived Social Worth did not have a significant effect on innovation behavior. On the other hand, perceived Social Effect had a positive impact on PSM, WE and IB. It has also been shown that innovation behavior is reinforced by PSM and WE when employees perceive the strong influence of their duties through inter-exchange relations with policy beneficiaries. Therefore, experience in identifying job influence is important to induce innovative behavior of workers at public institutions. Based on the findings, it was suggested that prosocial job characteristics should be considered in order to promote innovative behavior of employees at public institutions.
  • 3.

    Development and Validation of Creative Achievement Intention Test

    LEE GA HYUNG | Kyung Hwa Lee | 2020, 10(2) | pp.47~66 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to develop and validate a test to measure the inner motivation and external experience related to creative achievement intention of university students. First, after deducing the area and components through literature research, the content validity was confirmed by experts and 20 preliminary test questions in two areas were developed. The participants of this study were 745 university students, and the collected data were statistically processed using SPSS WIN 22.0 and AMOS WIN 22.0 programs to verify the reliability and validity of the measurement tool. The appropriateness of the sample of KMO(Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin) was confirmed and Bartlett's sphere formation test was performed. Exploratory factor analysis was performed by the principal axis decomposition method and oblimin rotation. A confirmatory factor analysis was performed with the maximum likelihood method, and the fitness indexes such as CFI, TLI, and RMSEA were used. The final decision was that the creative achievement intention test would cover 2 areas, with a total of 12 questions, and the reliability of each area was Cronbach .793~.800 and the total reliability was .860. As such, the creative achievement intention measurement tool developed in this study has the validity and reliability of measurement questions for each area, so it can be used to measure creative achievement intention for university students.
  • 4.

    A Study on the Intermediate of Knowledge Sharing on the Relationship between Job Satisfaction and Innovation Behavior of Lifelong Educator

    Lee, Hyoseop | Jeong Hongin | 2020, 10(2) | pp.67~92 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to select job satisfaction as a prior factor and to verify the mediating effect of knowledge sharing in the relationship between job satisfaction and innovation behavior in order to promote innovation behavior of lifelong educators. To this end, prior research related to job satisfaction, innovative behavior, and knowledge sharing was reviewed and a model was set up between the variables based on this research. For practical verification of this research, a survey was conducted on 209 lifelong educators working for lifelong education institutions in Seoul, and the collected data was analyzed using the SPSS(23.0) and AMOS(18.0) programs. The results of the analysis are as follows. First, the more satisfied a lifelong educator is with his or her job, the more innovative action is expressed. Second, knowledge sharing between job satisfaction and innovative behavior of lifelong educators was found to be partial. These findings indicate that job satisfaction and knowledge sharing have a significant impact on innovation behavior, and that knowledge sharing among members must be achieved above all in order for job satisfaction to lead to innovation behavior. Based on the above findings, implications and future research trends were presented.
  • 5.

    The Effect of Organization Conflict on the Organizational Change Readiness and Its Moderate Effect of Psychological Capital

    Heo, Dagyeom | HONG, AHJEONG | Chae-yun Jeong | 2020, 10(2) | pp.93~132 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Since organizational change has been a critical agenda for companies to survive in this competitive global market, lots of research has been conducted to approve its effective variables and their paths. In this vein, the purpose of this study is to suggest implications for successful organizational change by verifying the mediating effect of personal psychological characteristics between conflict types and organizational change readiness. The survey was conducted on 303 employees of domestic companies, and the data was analyzed using SPSS 23.0. The results of this study were as follows. First, the study shows that relational conflict had a negative effect on organizational change readiness. Second, task conflict also had a negative effect on organizational change readiness. Finally, psychological capital controls the adverse function of conflict on organizational readiness. Based on the findings, the study verified that even if conflicts arise in organizations facing change, they can be alleviated through the inherent motivation of the organizational members. Therefore, the companies need to recognize the psychological capital of their members as an important factor for the success of organizational change and promote it through the development of education and training programs.
  • 6.

    An Exploratory Study on the Feasibility of On-line International Teaching Practicum of Korean Education Universities

    Kim, Youn Ock | Yun Soyoung | Sol yang hwan | 2020, 10(2) | pp.133~160 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    Due to the influence of the Corona Virus (COVID-19) that has hit the whole world, new attempts at using various kinds of video media have been implemented. By reflecting the current situation, the purpose of this study is to explore the feasibility of implementing online international teaching practicum. For the purpose of the study, we looked at the contents of the student-teachers’ experience in their participation in International Teaching Practicum (ITP), and based on this, we explored the feasibility of online ITP. The result of this study are as follows. Online international teaching practicum is unlikely to be realistic because it is difficult to provide ‘practical experience’ to the student-teachers in terms of strengthening their multicultural competence, positionality and attitude in the online international teaching practicum scene, and positive reflection on their ITP experience. In addition, the possibility of this becoming a reality is rather low due to the limitations on what needs to be realistic for operation. However, through a type of educational volunteering service with international organizations such as UNICEF, it has been suggested that pre-service teachers can expect to strengthen their language skills, enhance their professionality, and boost their personal growth through a new type of online international teaching practicum.
  • 7.

    Multi-mediated effects of Cognitive Flexibility and Social Anxiety in the Relationship Between Evaluative Concerns Perfectionism and Academic Burnout of College Students

    Hong, Myeong-Hee | Kim, Su-Young | Kang Seung Hee | 2020, 10(2) | pp.161~192 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between college students’ evaluative concerns perfectionism, cognitive flexibility, social anxiety, and academic burnout, and to reveal the impact of evaluative concerns perfectionism on academic burnout through the medium of cognitive flexibility and social anxiety. A survey was conducted on 328 students in the 1st to 4th grade attending four universities in Busan, and the data was analyzed using a parallel multi-parameter model that estimates the mediating effect of several variables simultaneously. The main results of this study are as follows. First, the evaluative concerns perfectionism of college students showed a negative correlation with cognitive flexibility, and a positive correlation with social anxiety and academic burnout. Cognitive flexibility was negatively correlated with social anxiety and academic burnout, and social anxiety was positively correlated with academic burnout. Second, as a result of verifying the effect of parallel multi-mediation, it was found that the mediating effect of cognitive flexibility and social anxiety on the relation between the evaluative concerns perfectionism and the academic burnout was significant. This means that college students' evaluative concerns perfectionism not only affects academic burnout directly, but also indirectly through cognitive flexibility and social anxiety. The results of this study will be helpful to enhance the understanding of college students’ academic burnout, and can be used as basic data to cope with related issues in universities.
  • 8.

    Subjectivity Research about Perception Types on Mathematics in Middle School Students

    Wang, Hyo boon | DONG HYUK JO | 2020, 10(2) | pp.193~217 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to classify middle school students’ subjective perceptions for mathematics. The P sample for this study was 26 middle school students. The Q sample consisted of 33 statements. To organize the sample, a literature review was performed and open question surveys asking for subjective views on mathematics were conducted. Based on the Q sample, the Q population was collected and 33 statements were ultimately selected to contain as many diverse and self-directed opinions as possible. Overlapping statements were excluded. Statements were classified into four types. Type 1, ‘active attitude self-confidence type’, includes those who have strong confidence and a proactive attitude to achievement in mathematics. Type 2, ‘passive attitude anxious type includes’, includes those who are less confident at mathematics and for whom achievement in mathematics is lacking. They have anxiety about making mistakes in mathematics and the anxiety is getting bigger because they tend to be aware that mathematics becomes more complicated as the grade level increases. Type 3, ‘active attitude anxious type’, includes those who also have anxiety about making mistakes in mathematics, but tend to think that, to solve math problems, understanding and utilization of principles is more important than memorization. Type 4, ‘passive attitude and less motivated type’, includes those who focus on external factors rather than internal factors and avoid using mathematical logic. The results of this study are expected to contribute to improving the effectiveness of math education policy for learners.
  • 9.

    The Mediating Effect of Happiness on the Relationship Between Grit and Creativity in Chinese Middle School Students

    Liu, Yumin | CHO GYU-PAN | 2020, 10(2) | pp.219~245 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to investigate the mediating effect of happiness on the relationship between grit and creativity in Chinese middle school students. For the purpose of the study, 287 Chinese middle school students were selected to conduct the survey. Then the correlation analysis was performed to figure out correlations among the variables. According to the procedures Baron and Kenny suggested in 1986, hierarchical multiple regression is conducted to measure the mediating effect of happiness on the relationship between grit and creativity. The results of this study are as follows. First, there was a significant correlation among grit, happiness and creativity. Second, happiness exerts a partial mediating effect on the relationship between grit and creativity. The results suggest that grit as well as happiness can play an important role in increasing middle school students' creativity.
  • 10.

    Learning-Centered Courses Planning based on Backward Design in Elementary Music Curriculum

    Yang Soh Yeong | 2020, 10(2) | pp.247~266 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study attempted to investigate the meaning and characteristics of learning-centered courses and explore elementary music curriculum plans which adopted backward design. For this, it examined the characteristics of learning-centered courses and backward design. It then applied a backward design model to such courses as a basis for revised 2015 school curriculums with a goal of searching for a new method in elementary music curriculums. A learning-centered course is an internalization process for students to realize independently while exploring knowledge through sharing, starting with active self-directed learning. In addition, backward design is a strategy that students can use to expand and apply what they learned, beyond the knowledge itself. In fact, it can be compared to ‘learning orientation’ in that it can be applied to new situations by students in a self-directed fashion. After reviewing backward design-applied, learning-centered course plans for elementary music curriculums, this study has drawn the following implications: First, balanced teacher-student and inter-student interactions are important. Second, teachers are required to work hard for context-centered courses through which students are able to find a way to solve problems in a self-directed manner. Third, a concept of process-centered evaluation needs to be extended. Fourth, inter-teacher course reflection and sharing should continue. In this way, the application of a backward design model in learning-centered courses is meaningful in that it implements educational policies in accordance with these findings.
  • 11.

    Children’s Grammatical Sensitivity to the Uninterpretable Case Feature in Korean Long Form Negation: A Pilot Study

    Mun-Hong Choe | 2020, 10(2) | pp.267~289 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to investigate child language learners’ sensitivity to grammatical constraints that are not sufficiently evident in the input that they receive. The uninterpretable feature involved in Korean long-form negation was taken into consideration, where the choice of the nominative –ka or the accusative –ul alternates in association with verb type. Five preschool children (ages between 4;8 and 5;6) were asked to perform an oral repetition task along with a judgment-and-correction task, through which an observation was made to determine if they are sensitive to the grammaticality in question. The results revealed that although there was a measurable degree of individual difference, all the children sensitively discerned grammatical and ungrammatical forms. In particular, they often dropped illegitimate case markers when repeating sentences containing them, implying that they have a firm internal representation of relevant syntactic well-formedness.