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2021, Vol.11, No.2

  • 1.

    Development and Application of 'Leader for Creative Design' Program to Promote of the Creative Leadership of Elementary School Students

    Kyung Hwa Lee | park jungkil | 양혜진 and 3other persons | 2021, 11(2) | pp.1~29 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to develop a ‘Leader for Creative Design (LCD)’program in the form of an on/off-line project that can promote the creative leadership of elementary school students and apply it to the field. The LCD program was developed as an action research method that improves the program through participation in the program, based on the design thinking technique and consisting of online and offline parallel activities. This program is divided into Project 1 and Project 2, students can experience design thinking process activities while paralleling online and offline teaching methods. In the online design thinking activity, the opportunity for the participating students to work together non-face-to-face through the zoom real-time video method was provided. The advantages of promoting the students' interest were that they used real-time interaction, flip learning, and a small meeting room. However, there was a limit in the production method of the product in the prototype stage. In offline design thinking activities, students were able to develop empathy, intimacy and cooperation, autonomy, initiative. In the prototype, production was smooth, and the response of the participating students was positive and active. This study is meaningful in that it developed a project-type program based on design thinking and a non-face-to-face format that can be applied to Corona periods in addition to developing an LCD program that can cultivate the creative leadership of elementary school students.
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  • 3.

    The Effects of Student Engagement and High-Impact Educational Practices on Academic Outcomes of the University Students

    김미성 | song yoon suk | 2021, 11(2) | pp.57~78 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between student engagement, high- impact practices, and academic outcomes for university students and to reveal how university student engagement in learning and participation in high-impact practices affects academic outcomes. To this end, 975 students who were enrolled in a university in Daejeon participated in K-NSSE, were analyzed for academic challenges, learning with peers, experience with professors, participation in learning about the university environment, participation in high-impact practice, and academic outcome. First, there was no significant difference by gender in the comparison of averages between groups for students' engagement in learning, participation in high-impact practices, and academic outcomes according to group characteristics. In the comparison between departments, the education department had the highest score in terms of Student engagement, participation in high-impact practices, and academic outcome overall. In the analysis of the impact relationship between student engagement and academic outcomes, it was confirmed that there were significant effects in the order of university environment, academic challenge, and experience with professors. Participation in high-impact practices also had a significant effect on academic outcomes. Based on the above research results, this study suggested that it is necessary to develop and operate curriculum and extracurricular programs that can improve academic
  • 4.

    An Exploratory Study of Derivation of the Constructed Factors of Parental Happiness

    YOUAMI | 2021, 11(2) | pp.79~110 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to redefine the concept of parental happiness and to identify the component factors from the perspective that parents were interacting with their children and supporting children's growth, development and at the same time, parents are developing on their own happiness. Therefore, the concept and component factors were derived by previous studies and literature related to parental happiness, and the content validity of the concept and component factors was verified by experts. The total number of experts who participated in this study was 12 with 9 professionals related to pedagogy and 3 parent education experts. The results of the study were as follows: First, parent happiness was defined as being a parent, parents have the necessary conditions for raising children, can maintain a good relationship with their families such as their children and spouses, and feel that they were growing up with developmental interaction with their children. Second, the components of parent happiness were divided into existence, relationship, and growth and sub-variables for each were derived. The sub-variables of the existing domain included health, economic power, sociocultural environment, and appearance identity. The sub-variables of the relationship domain consisted of child, spouse, and parent relationships, other relationships, and social support. Sub-variables of the growth domain consisted of efficacy, positive emotion, self-growth, independence, rest and leisure.
  • 5.

    Perception of Online Class Teacher Leadership of Elementary School Teachers in Millennials Using Photovoice

    Siyeon Seo | 2021, 11(2) | pp.111~139 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study investigated teachers’ perception of teacher leadership and online class teacher leadership using the photovoice method. Participants in the study are five teachers from the millennium generation among elementary school teachers belonging to S City Office of Education. The results of this study are summarized as follows. Daily teacher leadership and online class teacher leadership were perceived differently. ‘Being determined', ‘wide attention and rich communication', ‘promoting growth for individual students’, and ‘waiting' are recognized for daily teacher leadership, and ‘creating', ‘narrow-minded attention and limited communication', ‘detailed planning’, and ‘careful, continuous, and lots of guidance' are recognized for online class teacher leadership. Factors promoting online class teacher leadership were presented such as controllable variables and rationalization, cooperation among teachers, participation and cheering of students, and factors impeding were pointed out such as uncontrollable variables and regrets, ceaseless and never-ending meetings, a drop in parents' confidence in teachers, and a drop in teachers' confidence in the Ministry of Education. These results suggest that the subject and the area of teacher leadership have changed in the context of online classes, that teachers’ attention and communication are concentrated on underprivileged students, that teacher leadership is characterized as a millennial generation, and that there are both already improved problems, and remaining problems relating TO online classes.
  • 6.

    Multi-Level Analysis of Factors Influencing Secondary Schools’ Vitality

    Lee Young Sin | Lee, Jae Duck | 2021, 11(2) | pp.141~168 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to explore factors influencing secondary schools’vitality using a hierarchical linear model. A total of 130 schools participating in the education administration guidance program of Seoul National University's Education administration training institute, a total of 4,421 teacher response questionnaires, were used in the analysis. The analysis was analyzed using SPSS 23.0 and JAMOVI 1.2.25 programs. As a result of the study, first, teacher gender, overall principal career, and school location were not correlated with school vitality, so a multi-level analysis was conducted. Second, as a result of multi-level analysis, it was found that the total teaching career, current school career, and final academic background set as teacher background variables had a significant effect on school vitality. Third, it was found that the current school position and the presence of a homeroom teacher, which were set as teacher process variables, had a significant effect on school vitality. Fourth, participation in creative management, set as a school-level process variable, did not have a significant effect on school vitality, but the type of participation in creative management school was found to have a significant effect. However, it was found that whether or not an innovative school was set as a school curriculum variable did not affect school vitality, and it is necessary to examine the relationship between innovative schools and school vitality in the future.
  • 7.

    Comparison of Elementary, Middle, and High School Administrators' Perception of Career Education

    장은미 | Ju Sung Jun | 2021, 11(2) | pp.169~191 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to analyze and compare the perceptions of elementary, middle, and high school administrators (principals and vice-principals) on career education. This study utilized the data of the ‘Survey for School Administrators’ among ‘2019 Survey on the Present Status of Elementary and Secondary Career Education’ conducted by the Ministry of Education and Korea Research Institute for Vocational Education & Training. The samples of this study were 400 elementary, middle, and high schools respectively, a total of 1,200 principals or vice principals. For data analysis, descriptive statistics analysis and cross-tabulation analysis were used. The major findings were as follows: First, elementary, middle, and high school administrators were generally highly aware of the importance and necessity of career education in school education, the necessity of cultivating students󰡑 challenging (entrepreneur) spirit and entrepreneurial experience education, and the help of career education policies. Second, there were generally differences between elementary, middle and high school administrators in importance and necessity of career education, the necessity of cultivating students󰡑challenging (entrepreneur) spirit and entrepreneurial experience education, and the help of career education policies. Finally, in order to vitalize career education in elementary, middle, and high schools, it is necessary to firstly support ‘budget and environmental support related to career education’, ‘securing professional manpower and enhancing competency’, and ‘improving curriculum and classes for expanding career education’.
  • 8.

    The New Normal in School Education, Blended Learning in Music Classes for 3-4th Graders

    YANG SO YOUNG | 2021, 11(2) | pp.193~214 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    With the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, school curriculums that would have been considered abnormal have become a new trend in school education. Under such circumstances, this study attempted to examine the concept of blended learning and explore an implementation plan by constructing curriculums. Blended learning is a new approach combining both online and offline learning activities, including harmony between simultaneous and non-simultaneous interactions, course planning and selection of appropriate techniques. It is “the New Normal” that has been the mainstream for education in a post-COVID world. Based on a teaching model of the Seoul Metropolitan Office of Education, this study develops an implementation plan by analyzing the flow of blended courses and reconstructing curriculums depending on class type. The implications are as follows: First, it offers a clue for the design of balanced courses between online realtime two-way (contents- and assignment-centered) and conventional classroom-centered classes. Second, it is required to analyze the characteristics of online classes and develop their course strategies. Third, in online classes, teachers’ roles will vary from instructors to class facilitators. Therefore, there should be continued efforts to develop diverse types of courses for students in consideration of various types of blended learning.
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    A Case Study on Analyzing the Present Condition of Performance Assessment and Evaluation Criteria of High School: Focused on High School in a City of Gyeonggi-Do

    Kim, Hong-Kyeom | 2021, 11(2) | pp.215~242 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    As the 2015 revised curriculum was implemented, performance assessments are back in the spotlight as the new evaluation paradigm appeared. However, the reality is that performance assessments at the school sites seem to be a mildly insufficient in fulfilling the new evaluation paradigm. In addition, there are many problems with the evaluation criteria. Therefore, in this study, evaluation criteria for the performance assessments, of 16 high schools in a city of province Gyeonggi-do, were analyzed and an interview with math teachers was performed to look at the current status of conducting performance assessments and some of the problems that the evaluation criteria have. The analysis results showed that descriptive discourse assessment was the major type among the different types of performance assessments. In addition, problems of the evaluation criteria for performance assessments were observed showing that the evaluation criteria were vaguely described and hierarchy was not reflected between assessment factors.