The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of individual characteristics, life goals, and grit on career preparation behaviors of college students. The sample included 210 college students in the Seoul and Gyeonggi areas. The data were analyzed with Pearson’s correlation coefficient analysis, multiple regression analysis, hierarchical multiple regression analysis, two independent group t-test and one-way ANOVA. There were three major findings. First, Individual characteristics are related to employment, life goals, and grit affected career preparation behavior of college students. Second, the higher the life goal and grit level, the higher the career preparation behavior level of the college students. Third, the more active a college student is in relation to his or her job, the higher their level of career preparation is likely to be. The results suggest that active support at the university level is needed to enhance college students’ career preparation activities.