This paper discussed how recent technological developments have changed the understanding of learners and the recognition of learning theories based on the lens of newly emerging post-humanism. To address this issue, this paper summoned the four substantial theories of post-humanism ―i.e., new materialism, actor-network theory, object-oriented ontology, and post-phenomenology― and focused on the following research questions: i) what are the characteristics of post-human learners? and ii) what are the alternative post-human learning theories? Regarding the first question, this paper emphasized that post-human learning will include such aspects as cyborg learning, the learning by artificial brain, and networked learning, and consequently, that the characteristics of learners will change from natural or cyborg learners to BIOLOID or AI learners. Considering the second question, this paper compared the humanistic and post-human learning theories in terms of the foundations, types, and traits of learners, and suggested such alternative learning theories as post-human-behaviorism, connectionism, and relationalism. This paper's discussion may provide implications for the directions of learning theories under the trends of technological social shift.