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pISSN : 2234-7534

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 0.95
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2022, Vol.12, No.1

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  • 1.

    The Reciprocal Longitudinal Relationship between Creativity and Self-Directed Learning Ability in Adolescents

    Kim, Young-Mi | Ju Sung Jun | 2022, 12(1) | pp.1~17 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    본 연구의 목적은 청소년의 창의성과 자기주도학습능력 간의 자기회귀교차지연효과를 종단적으로 검증하는 것이다. 이 연구에서는 서울시교육청이 수집한 ‘서울교육종단연구 2010(SELS 2010)’ 1차 연도(2010년, 초4), 3차 연도(2012년, 초6), 6차 연도(2015년, 중3), 9차 연도(2018년, 고3) 자료를 활용하였다. 분석에 이용한 최종 연구대상은 3,091명이며, 연구자료는 자기회귀교차지연모델을 이용하여 분석하였다. 연구의 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 이전 시점의 창의성은 다음 시점 창의성에 유의한 정적 영향을 미쳤다. 둘째, 이전 시점의 자기주도학습능력은 다음 시점의 자기주도학습능력에 유의한 정적 영향을 미쳤다. 셋째, 창의성은 다음 시점의 자기주도학습능력에 유의한 영향을 미치지 않았다. 마지막으로, 자기주도학습능력은 다음 시점의 창의성에 유의한 영향을 미쳤다. 이와 같은 연구결과는 어린 시절부터 청소년의 자기주도학습능력을 높이는 체계적인 전략과 노력이 필요함을 시사한다.
  • 2.

    Mediating Effect of Self-Consciousness on the Relationship between Multicultural Acceptance and Creativity on High School Students: Focusing on Gender Comparisons

    Ah-Rong Beik | 2022, 12(1) | pp.19~46 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study examined the mediating effect of self-consciousness on the relationship between multicultural acceptance and creativity on high school students; and gender differences. Structural relationships among multicultural acceptance, self-consciousness, and creativity were revealed using 6,145 first-year high school students’ (3,037 male, 3,108 female) responses from the 6th year data on the first-year high school students from Korean Education Longitudinal Study(KELS) 2013. Multi-group analysis analyzed gender differences. Results showed multicultural acceptance directly affects creativity, and the mediating effect of self-consciousness between multicultural acceptance and creativity was significant. Meaning that multicultural acceptance not only has a direct effect on creativity but also an indirect effect on self-consciousness. As a result of multi-group analysis to analyze differences according to gender, it was not possible to analyze gender differences because measurement invariance was not satisfied, and male and female pathways were analyzed. As a result, all pathways were significant for both males and females. Based on the results of this study, discussions, and suggestions were made on the mediating effect of self-consciousness on the relationship between multicultural acceptance and creativity on high school students.
  • 3.

    A Study on the Relationship Analysis between Perceived Relatedness, Online Self-Regulated Learning, Perceived Learning Gains, and Satisfaction of Non-Face-to-Face Classes in University

    Jeong, Hanho | 2022, 12(1) | pp.47~73 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between perceived relatedness, online self-regulated learning, perceived learning gains, and satisfaction in non-face-to-face classes. This study established task strategy, self-evaluation, learning environment structuring, and time management as sub-variables of online self-regulated learning. Also, the structural relationship between perceived relatedness, online self-regulated learning, perceived learning gains, and satisfaction was identified. To explore the relationship between the above variables, in this study, a research model was established based on a previous study that structurally explores the relationship between sub-variables of online self-regulated learning and other variables in a non-face-to-face class environment. This study conducted a convenient sampling among college students who participated in non-face-to-face classes due to the Coronavirus pandemic, a total of 216 students were selected for the study. Through this study, first, it was identified that students’ perceived learning gains have the greatest effect on satisfaction. Second, it was identified that perceived relatedness exerts a direct influence on perceived learning gains and sub-variables of online self-regulated learning such as task strategy, self-evaluation, and learning environment structuring. Third, the impact of task strategy, a sub-variable of online self-regulated learning, on satisfaction, directly or indirectly, could be identified. In addition, it was possible to determine the direct influence of self-evaluation, another sub-variable of online self-regulated learning, on satisfaction. Based on this study, implications were presented for stakeholders related to non-face-to-face classes, such as professors, university officials, and system developers.
  • 4.

    Development and Validation of Self-Directed Learning Readiness Test

    Choi Eun Ju | Kyung Hwa Lee | 2022, 12(1) | pp.75~103 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to develop and validate the self-directed learning readiness test of university students from the viewpoint that it is necessary to measure the individual learner's personality attributes for self-directed learning during the entire learning process. Based on the analysis of previous studies, the concept of ‛self-directed learning readiness' was defined, the components factors were derived, and the content validity was confirmed by experts. The study participants were 406 students enrolled in a four-year university, and the collected data were statistically processed using SPSS WIN 25.0 and AMOS WIN 22.0 programs. The appropriateness of the sample was confirmed by ‛KMO(kaiser-meyer-olkin)'s sample appropriateness value, and Barlett's sphere formation test was performed. Exploratory factor analysis was performed using the principal axis decomposition method and Oblimin rotation. A confirmatory factor analysis was performed using the maximum likelihood, and the fitness indexes such as IFI, TLI, CFI, and RMSEA were confirmed. Convergent validity, discriminant validity, and cross validity were verified. The final ‘Self-Directed Learning Readiness Test’consisted of 3 components and included a total of 40 items. And the total reliability was Cronbach α .949. The ‘Self-Directed Learning Readiness Test’ developed in this study was a test with reliability and validity. Therefore it will be able to confirm the degree of self-directed learning readiness that the university students have for self-directed learning.
  • 5.

    The Mediating Effects of Employee Engagement and the Moderating Effects of Feedback Seeking Behavior Motive in the Relationship between Self-Determination and Innovative Behavior

    Kim, Hyun-Jong | Song, Hae Deok | 2022, 12(1) | pp.105~133 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study examined the effects of self-determination on employee engagement and innovative behavior and empirically verified the moderating effects of feedback-seeking behavior motive. For this purpose, this study conducted a survey that targeted the employees at the departments of IT research & development. A total of 382 questionnaires were used for the analysis. Results were as follows: First, self-determination had a significant effect on the innovative behavior. Second, self-determination had a significant effect on employee engagement. Third, employee engagement showed a mediating effect in the relationship between self-determination and innovative behavior. Fourth, the feedback-seeking behavior motive showed a moderating effect in the relationship between self-determination and employee engagement. Fifth, the feedback-seeking behavior motive showed a moderating effect in the relationship between self-determination and innovative behavior. The findings implied that the fulfillment of self-determination is essential for individuals’innovative behavior, and employee engagement is necessary as a mediating variable between self-determination and innovative behavior. In addition, given that the effect of self-determination depends on the level of employees’the feedback seeking behavior motive, self-determination support should consider employees’psychological conditions.
  • 6.

    A Case Study Research on the Issue Factors Appearing in the LiFE Project Participation Process of A Junior College

    Gim, Eunkyeong | Jeon, Yeni | Lee, Jiyoung and 1other persons | 2022, 12(1) | pp.135~161 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to analyze the main issues occurring in junior colleges participating in the LiFE project, which is a lifelong education system support project for universities of the Ministry of Education Republic of Korea, and to identify the characteristic phenomena of each issue factor. To this goal, using the case study research method, semi-structured interviews were conducted with adult learners, junior college officials, and professors of a college who participated in the LiFE project. The results first confirmed a multi-faceted understanding of the needs of the adult learners, the demands for practical purposes, and the goal of promoting self-esteem should precede at the adult learner level. Second, at the junior college level, it was confirmed that operating a project in connection with the junior college and the region could be a way to remove the learning obstacles of adult learners who have difficulties in balancing work, study, and family. Third, at the system level, it was confirmed that the contradictory conflict structure between the problem of securing the basic level of adult learners and the problem of flexible admission standards, the biggest task of the LiFE project, should be improved and compatibility should be explored.
  • 7.

    Design and Validation of Tertiary General Education System based on Public Permissioned Blockchain and Smart Contract

    Suna Kyun | SEO HEEJEONG | 2022, 12(1) | pp.163~195 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Tertiary general education innovation in Korea has achieved the current level of innovation, following the trajectory of reform and innovation level of the university academic structure. In particular, it has been reporting great achievements in general education innovation, as a part of government-supported university education innovation projects such as ACE, PRIME, and LINC+. However, tertiary general education needs to be further improved to be competitive, considering that our society is rapidly changing with the rapid development of technology. Therefore, the current study designed and validated the‘tertiary general education model operated by public permissioned blockchain-based smart contract' that can overcome the limitations of existing tertiary general education innovation by using the design & development research methodology. Specifically, first i) public permissioned blockchain-based general education system based on blockchain technology and literature analysis was designed. Next, technical review by technical experts was carried out, followed by validity through field review by university stakeholders. Through validation processes, technical feasibility of the model and opinions of university stakeholders were confirmed. Based on these, policy supplements for the model and specific implementation plans were proposed. This study has significant implications in that it provided guidelines that many universities in Korea are considering in tertiary general education innovation as well as tertiary education innovation.
  • 8.

    The (Sad) History of Teacher Preparation Revisited: A Reconceptualization of the History of Teacher Preparation in the US and Its Implications for South Korea

    Baul Chung | 2022, 12(1) | pp.197~214 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In this interpretative essay, the author argues for a reconceptualization of the history of teacher preparation focusing on elementary school teaching. Drawing on historical-sociological analysis on teacher preparation in the U.S. and S. Korea, the author reveals that the historial reality of teacher preparation is more complex and ambiguous rather than a sort of linear evolutionary development, which is irreversible march of progress towards professionalization. The author’s thesis is that researchers need to effectively disrupt the often ahistorical and uncritical ways the reformers often frame present-day challenges and problems within teacher education by engaging in historical methods and analysis in ways that better ground and contextualize them.
  • 9.

    Influence of Learning Agility on Organizational Citizenship Behavior and Moderated Mediating Effect of Job Autonomy and Job Embeddedness

    Kim, Seung Min | Ah Jeong Hong | 2022, 12(1) | pp.215~242 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to examine the mediating effect of job embeddedness controlled in job autonomy between learning agility and organizational citizenship behavior. For this purpose: an examination of the correlation between learning agility, job autonomy, job embeddedness, and organizational citizenship behavior, and an analysis of the mediating effect of job embeddedness between learning agility and job embeddedness took place. Also, there was a verification of the moderating effect of job autonomy for this indirect path effect. Software programs: SPSS 23.0 and AMOS 23.0 analyzed the data from a questionnaire survey participated in by 303 employees. The research results are as follows: learning agility positively affected organizational citizenship behavior and job embeddedness. Job embeddedness positively affected organizational citizenship behavior. There was a moderating effect of job autonomy between learning agility and job embeddedness. The relationship between learning agility, organizational citizenship behavior, and job embeddedness showed a partial mediating effect. Job autonomy moderately affected the mediating effects of job embeddedness between learning agility and organizational citizenship behavior. These research results presented, the academic significance and practical implications of this study.
  • 10.

    Can Artificial Intelligence(A.I.) be a Subjective Being for Ethics?: From a Lens of Posthumanism

    Park, Hyu-Yong | 2022, 12(1) | pp.243~277 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Due to the sheer development of artificial intelligence (henceforth, A.I.) algorithm, diverse A.I. machines pave their way into the deep levels of human lives. Under these circumstances, this paper discussed what the ethical principles and criteria of A.I. should be with a lens of posthumanism. To address this theme, this paper focused on the following concrete research questions: First, what onto-epistemological and ethical perspectives does posthumanism have? Second, what can the specific theories of posthumanism deal with the issues of A.I. ethics and what are the characteristics of A.I. as the ethical subject? Third, what ethical paradigm is required under the milieu of advanced capitalism that stimulates the spread of A.I. machines? To concentrate on the third question, this paper gave the example of the dilemma of autonomous driving vehicles by juxtaposing the properties of advanced capitalism and the judgment of critical posthumanism on it. The core argument of this paper is that A.I. could be an ethical subject and, thus, A.I. ethics should be discussed with the theories of posthumanism (e.g., eco-feminism, object oriented ontology, non-representative theory, etc.). This paper’s arguments may give some theoretical insights on the issues of A.I. ethics.