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2022, Vol.12, No.3

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  • 1.

    Structural Relationship between Externalization and Internalization of School-Age Children and Peer, Family, Teacher Relationship, and Educational Program Satisfaction

    Bo-Eun Hwang , Park, Choonsung | 2022, 12(3) | pp.1~25 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Based on Bronfenbrenner's ecological perspective, this study promotes understanding of relationship between; externalization and internalization problems of school-age children and the satisfaction of educational programs. An attachment was set as a study variable, constructing three structural models, and then comparatively analyzed each model. The 11th public response data (2021.2.2) conducted by the Korean Children's Panel was used, and the data of 707 people were analyzed. As a result, Comparative Model 1: assumes the externalization and internalization of school-age children as an independent variable; Comparative Model 2: assumes time with family as an independent variable; and Comparative Model 3: assumes the interaction of the two as an independent variable, where It had the same value and showed a significant path. This study is meaningful in that it considered all three situations at the same time. The results of this study suggest that it is necessary to implement a counseling intervention or educational program for children who have difficulties in externalizing and internalizing to have enough time with their family and to bring positive results to their relationship with teachers and peers and satisfaction with the educational program.
  • 2.

    Development and Validation of Creative Self-Efficacy Measuring Tool for Adults

    shin, myoungmi , Kyung Hwa Lee , Choo, Jin Hee | 2022, 12(3) | pp.27~49 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study develops and validates the creative self-efficacy measuring tool for adults on the integrated perspective on creativity. Based on the analysis of previous studies, expert confirmed that ‘creative self-efficacy' was defined, the components were derived, and there is content validity. The study participants were 336 adults, including the college student group, who were in the early stages of adulthood. The data collected were statistically processed using SPSS WIN 25.0 and AMOS WIN 22.0 programs. KMO confirmed the suitability of the sample and conducted the Bartlett sphere formation test. The principal axis decomposition method and oblimin rotation exploratory factor analysis was performed, and confirmatory factor analysis by the maximum likelihood method to confirm the fitness indexes such as IFI, TLI, CFI, and RMSEA. Confirmation of construct validity was achieved through verifications of convergence-validity, discriminantvalidity, and cross-validity. The final tool for measuring ‘adult creative self-efficacy’ was ten items consisting of two factors: creative ability self-efficacy and creative attitude self-efficacy. The total reliability was Cronbach .922. The ‘adult creative self-efficacy' test developed in this study was a test that has been verified in reliability and validity and can work as a basic tool for cultivating creative talents.
  • 3.

    The Qualitative Meta-Analysis on the Attributes of Diffusion of Teacher Learning Communities

    park, young ok , Lee, Jae Duck | 2022, 12(3) | pp.51~78 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to explore and interpret the meaning of how teachers, who are the subjective existences of educational reform, perceive the attributes of the diffusion of the teacher learning community. Achieved through qualitative meta-analysis used as a research method, and Rogers’ diffusion theory employed as a theoretical framework. We find that the attributes of diffusion cover several aspects regarding teachers. First, in terms of relative advantage, it includes enhancing profession, satisfaction, and institutional benefit. Second, for compatibility, the attributes of diffusion show the sense of vocation, valuing education, and a culture of trust. Third, on the other hand, it includes misunderstandings, conflicts, and physical and psychological barriers related to the complexity. Fourth, with the trial-ability, diffusion attributes include trying in an accommodative atmosphere and a practical and specific idea. Finally, in terms of observable points, it includes checking performance through experiences, and indirect experience by sharing examples. The results of this study will contribute to the qualitative and quantitative spread of the teacher learning community.
  • 4.

    An Exploratory Study on the Applicability of Gifted and Talented Curriculum Models in General Education

    Byungyeon Choi , Lee, Rim | 2022, 12(3) | pp.79~112 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In this study, we focused on the main models and characteristics of the gifted and talented curriculum, and explored their applicability to general education and its limitations. Regarding its applicability to general education, the following suggests: in the case of the SEM, the operation of a competency-based curriculum can apply, and according to the characteristics of the general student steps 1, 2, and 3 can apply. In the case of the ICM, it has uses to develop a curriculum that can create an integrated thematic unit increase high-level thinking skills. In the case of the PCM, it presents various elements that have uses in the development or operation of the curriculum; teachers can restructure and utilize it in a variety of ways, and the identity-parallel-curriculum has use in career guidance. The gifted and talented curriculum emphasize that students acquire higher mental skills in connection with key-concepts and principles, and produce output related to a particular topic in the real world based on their interests. This should also be spread to general education; however, limitations such as legal regulations, entrance examinations, lack of administrative and financial support, and lack of human and material resources act as inhibitions to the spread. We hope that the various experiences and wisdom of gifted and talented education will be spread to general education, eliminating the limitations of the general education field.
  • 5.

    A Study on the Effectiveness and Educational Application of Visual Thinking Strategies(VTS)

    Jihyun Sohn | 2022, 12(3) | pp.113~135 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Visual thinking strategies(VTS), which develops visual thinking skills through observing and discussing art, is an art appreciation education program created by Philip Yenawine and Abigail Housen in the 1990s. This study examines Vygotsky's social constructivism as a theoretical basis and educational method of VTS. The effects of VTS; were reviewed through appreciation education, critical thinking and transfer, and communication. Whereas the existing art appreciation education focused on information delivery and interpretation of works, VTS shared the meaning of works through constructive dialogue based on observations and the knowledge and experience of the viewers. There are three suggested ways to use VTS in education. First, through the discussion of VTS, artistic growth is possible that expands from artworks to images of various themes. Second, combining VTS and applying it to various subjects makes convergence education possible. By dealing with various images and linguistic texts as themes, creative inquiry centering on appreciation becomes possible. Third, educators can learn by participating in discussions and reflecting on their practice. Therefore, it becomes possible through the growth of a community of practice by developing professionalism together with teachers through discussion and reflecting on their implementation for schools and by participating in workshops.
  • 6.

    Research Trend Analysis of German Education in Korean Journals

    Jaok Hwang , kim, sungkyum , SEUNGMINLEE | 2022, 12(3) | pp.137~164 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    German education has many implications for Korean education, if not for its experience in achieving unification of education systems since the reunification of Germany, then because of its pedigree in the Korean literature of comparative education. Bearing this in mind, this research aims to systematically capture the research trend within Korean literature about German education. For the analysis, a total of 293 research papers including ‘Germany’ and ‘education’ as key words published within the last decade have been gathered from the Korean Research Information Sharing Service (RISS), upon which process 1,465 key words have been selected for network text analysis. As a result of the analysis, some interesting research trends and implications have been captured. The volume of research about German education, in comparison to the volume of research about Germany, has remained small yet consistent. The frequency of research on German primary and secondary education was significantly lower than higher, adult, and life-long education. Even, a higher frequency and clustering of research topics regarding ‘intercultural education’, ‘multicultural education’ and ‘social integration’ were identified, showing a disposition to focus on education as an agenda for social integration. Other significant findings are provided on the part of conclusion and discussion.