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2011, Vol.22, No.1

  • 1.

    Korean Literature in Classical Chinese as Regional Study : the Research Scope and Perspectives

    허남욱 | 2011, 22(1) | pp.7~26 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    The trend of localization has invigorated various regional studies, encouraging to set up regional identity and to strengthen competitiveness. Regional study should be carefully considered a life of resident to find out their identity including history, natural environment, geographical conditions, culture, and traditions in each region. Korean literature in classical chinese involved with regional study has played an important part. The ways of it, as regional study, can be organized as follows. First, it should have abiding interests in ancient documents, because they contain lots of information related to the region. Second, Do-Ji(道誌) and Up-Ji(邑誌) by civic unit, they are rudimentary materials to examine regional characteristics. To research a region, it’s essential that to discover, translate, and study of these materials. Third, academic society researching local character-driven, can be a main agent to hold regular conference and publish. For this reason, academic society’s activity is a crucial issue. They also need to work for an education to learn the region, through a development for regional materials containing multiple aspects. Forth, we should turn to the writings which are concentrated by writers staying their own hometown for whole life without any experience in the literary circles in the metropolis, or take up public office. And also, we should bring to our attention with female writers, and take never-ending research. Fifth, regional study has covered the natural environment and geographical conditions. So, we should seek to perform comprehensive research on particular region and character, as a study of regional study. Sixth, it also deals with subjects of regional culture and cultural assets. It means that it has some significance as a basic researchㅡthe development of materials on the culture and tourism. Therefore, these subjects should be seriously treated in korean literature in classical chinese.
  • 2.

    Study of Poem Awareness through ungok Won Cheonseok

    남궁원 | 2011, 22(1) | pp.27~50 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    We call him Ungok, Won Cheonseok. He was good at writing poems. To be a good poet, he tried to make efforts to compose poems. The number of poems in his life is 1,144 compositions. Studies have shown that his poems’s comments have mainly focused on his views of history and society, not his senses of poem because they were overwhelmed to his fame known as recluse. Let’s review his senses of poem. He realized a poem is a life. Then he embodied everything in his own image. He expressed his views of religion and value in his poems. He closely related his life with poems. Through his poems, we exactly traced his life. He thought of a poem as meaning and expressions of being real and earnest. He followed the traditional belief among Confucian. That is Eonji. Eonji is a meaning. On the other hand, a poem is a expression that manifests human’s emotions. A poem contains various emotions that occurs to his mind. To disclose and record these days, he composed poems. He thought highly of documentary record. From this respects, we called his poetry like Sisa. It means chronicle of poem. So he composed both historial events from late Gorye to early Joseon and records about miscellanies.
  • 3.

    A study on ideological tendency of publishing process from 「Seokdam unofficial history and Diary」 to 「Kyungyeon Diary」

    SungSeon Yu | 2011, 22(1) | pp.51~78 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to investigate ideological tendency of publishing process from 「Seokdam unofficial history and Diary」 to 「Kyungyeon Diary」. Confucianism scholars in Chosun period recorded public and private events specifically and sincerely in diary style which they contemplated on in a daily life. Among the records, manuscript and original copy of records written by Yulgok Yi I were read attentively. Kyungyeon Diary was completed in his age 46. Kyungyeon Diary is a record in diary style of chronological form which includes major events and comments on figures in detail. Bedsides Kyungyeon Diary, this record has been also named as 「Seokdam Diary」, 「Seokdam unofficial history」, and 「Seokdam Reminiscence」. Kyungyeon Diary is a historical material through which social thoughts of Yulgok can be found - Yulgok applied his experiences made by direct participation in political affairs to social revolution. The contents of this paper are composed of review of 『collection』, woodblock printed-book, and title, ideological tendency of woodblock printed-book, review on ideological tendency. This paper investigated an issue related to the names such as 「Seokdam Diary」, 「Seokdam unofficial history」, and 「Kyungyeon Diary」. In addition, the title of 「Kyungyeon Diary」 and whether 「Kyungyeon Diary」 is authentic or not were reviewed. And there are same number of volumes and same contents as a problem requiring further study. 「Kyungyeon Diary」 and 「Seokdam Diary」 has a same title. 「Kyungyeon Diary」 is the title of woodblock printed-book for 「Yulgok collection」 but 「Seokdam Diary」 or 「Seokdam unofficial history」 was manuscript, not formal woodblock printed-book. The author raised questions about system of published book and manuscript, and examined name and characteristics of 「Kyungyeon Diary」 and 「Seokdam Reminiscence」 through interpretation of woodblock printed-book. And the author drew a genealogical chart of compiler’s thoughts by investigating when and what form 「Kyungyeon Diary」 was included in 「Yulgok collection」. Accordingly, issues for woodblock printed-book of published book, 「Yulgok collection」 and manuscript system such as 「Seokdam Diary」 etc. were made clear. And an issue related to interpretation about including 「Kyungyeon Diary」 and 「Seokdam Diary」 to 『Annals of the Joseon Dynasty』 and 『Korean Munjipchonggan』 etc. could be somewhat investigated. This paper can examine a diary style of awakening book of the people where Yulgok’s academic knowledge, thoughts, moreover political ideology, vision about awakening of the people etc. are synthetically contained. The author compared system and ideological tendency of 「Kyungyeon Diary」 with 『Records of the grand Historian』 written by Sima Qian. For then sensitive, political problems, later Yulgok school scholars sensitively responded over selection of title. This is also the problem of then age as well as development of ideological tendency. And as 「Kyungyeon Diary」 was also named as 「Seokdam Diary」 etc., it requires strict review on whether the diary is public or private, official or unofficial history relating to comments on figures and criticism.
  • 4.

    Stylistic requirements for Sa-Bu based on Heo Gyun’s works written in Gangwon-do - focusing on the formational characteristics of Dongjeong-Bu, Sagu-Bu and Jukru-Bu

    sungsu kim | 2011, 22(1) | pp.79~119 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Even though he didn’t leave lots of works, Heo Gyun is the best Sa-Bu writer in terms of quality. It is a significantly meaningful fact to Gangwon-do that 3 pieces among his 14 works were written in Gangwon-do. It could be impractical to figure out stylistic requirements for Sa-Bu based on the study of his 3 works. However, it can be said that revealing the core characteristics of Sa-Bu from the study of the randomly selected 3 works actually increases the credibility of the research. This study showed that each work fully satisfies all of the stylistic requirements such as the 3-part formation, diverse letters and phrases and the use of rhyme. It can be claimed that the three stylistic requirements established in this research are sound enough to be considered the general criteria for defining what Sa-Bu is. This research has some value since those kinds of criteria have not been established until now. In order to confirm the validity, this study tried to verify that Heo Gyun’s 3 works, which have not been categorized as Sa-Bu, are actually classified as Sa-Bu works. It has to be mentioned that since this study focuses more on establishing the stylistic requirements, the investigation on the quality of Heo Gyun’s works is somewhat neglected.
  • 5.

    A study on the poem of visiting Chuncheon by Dasan Jeong, Yakyong - Focused on the visit of Cheonwoo(穿牛紀行)

    Yong Hwan Jin | 2011, 22(1) | pp.121~148 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Dasan Jeong Yakyong, who lived from 1762 to 1836, visited Chuncheon twice. This research focused on his first visit, which is called Cheonwoo. Four points were introduced in this research. You’ll see what this research is focusing on. On the first day, from Nameelwon to Keumheochon, he expressed his excitement about his trip. He described how much he liked to take a rest in the mountain and river as well as his amusement on the beautiful nature from his boat. On the second day, from island Namee to Mt. Majok, he appreciated his close arrival in Chunchon and reflected general Namee. He also stayed on Mt. Majok and decided to read more old text. On the third day, from Kirackkak to Cheongpyoungsa, he stayed one night at Kirackkak after arriving Cheongpyoungsa. He reflected Yi, Jahyoun (李資玄) and expressed his good character. On the fourth day, in Woosoojoo, he missed his company Yi, Byouk(李檗). He met Yi’s brother Yi, Mok(李楘). He left this place asking to research the philosophy of academic study to Youn, Jong won. In addition, he proved the theory of Chuncheon Mackook was wrong.
  • 6.

    The World of Loneliness in Park Jook Seo’s Poetry

    Won Ju Yeon | 2011, 22(1) | pp.149~168 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    As the social orders were based on Neo-Confucianism which emphasized a patriarchal system in the Joseon era, all the clan rules were organized in an androcentric way. Because of the comparatively women’s lower position and the legislation of the discrimination of illegitimate children, the different domestic positions between wives and concubines were clearly defined, which led to the unfair treatment toward illegitimate children. Park Jook-Seo, an illegitimate daughter, was born in such era lacking women’s academic freedom and existing the severe discriminative treatment against illegitimate children, but she left no less than 166 poems in her collection of works, expressing her emotion of loneliness and sorrow that stemmed from her birth and martial life. She was so talented that she could write Chinese poems from her early childhood, but her life was not smooth because of her position as an illegitimate daughter. That is why her loneliness and desire was well depicted in her most works with her sorrow and poor health. In particular, Jook-Seo’s affection for her friend ‘Kuem Won’ who joined the same “Sam Ho Jeong” Poetry Club was emphasized in her works and so was the feeling of longing for her husband. Furthermore, a sense of missing her siblings she had spent her childhood being together with is rarely found in other female poets’ works and the works of the other members of the “Sam Ho Jeong” Poetry Club. Such her pathetic emotion depicted in her works can touch the heartstrings of the readers. This thesis will focus on “Emotion of loneliness and sorrow” in Jook-Seo’s poems and find out the roles of Chinese literature in our local societies.
  • 7.

    Chun ju Kim Do-Su’s Chunchon hermitage and poetic World

    Kim, Geun-tai | 2011, 22(1) | pp.169~194 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Kim Do-Su that born as child of a concubine of middle distinguished family pedigree’s sons and gransons is convulsed with laughter at young age and is person who it is hardly known in literary world. But, was recognized poetic ability associating with scribbling tribe of famous illustrious official literary man and principal cause class, same child of a concubine class at that time and although the end was even entered office. At that time, government office life could not but be short on restriction of social position which is child born of a concubine in social system, and he chose hermitage of Chunchon. He can never speak that weight that Chunchon occupies in life that is not long enough to use number named Chunju is small. This report examined background that he is lived in retirement in Chunchon and thereinto personality of Chinese poem. Chunchon contains Cheongpyeongsan and fame acknowledged from ancient times breakdown of retirement from the world, Actually, several persons retired from the world including Lee ja-hyun and kim su-jeung. Also, Chosyn Period great many poets such as Teogye and Dasan wrote poetry that evaluate their life positively. But, personality is different with retirement that Chunchon retirement of Gimdosu is general. Because of restriction that he is Restriction of social position of child born of a concubine origin not that live in retirement because oneself wants, is obliged to choose retirement. Therefore, consciousness which he is the actuality intention that poeticize in Chunchon was projected very strongly. While recite that is leisured that feel living in retirement in Chunchon, but expressed as it is own desire which want to advance to government office. Also, lament solitarily passed own moral indebtedness and expressed by poem to yearning about friend and in ancient times, thought life in Seoul and wet in enjoyment. Also, he showed own personality through natural object symbolically in real that do not become in accordance with own hope and criticized politician’s lack of ability that do not recognize competent person and that is idle.
  • 8.

    The Formation and the Structure of Silla’s Gun-Hyeons in North Han River Valley

    박성현 | 2011, 22(1) | pp.195~226 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This paper aims to examine the structure of Silla’s gun-hyeons (郡縣, local administrative unit) in North Han River valley and to solve the problems about the formation processes of Silla’s gun-hyeon system. There were 1 ju (州), 7 guns (郡), and 11 hyeons (縣) in the valley. The locations of them can be traced and the territories of them can be set by the small valleys of the main stream and branches of North Han River. The local administrative system of mid-old Silla (514-654) was gun and seong (城, fortress) system. There are some disputes on the translation into gun-hyeon system of unified Silla (668-935). Silla took 10 guns in the valley of North Han River and the neighboring area from Koguryo in 551. In the center place of unified Silla’s gun-hyeon, a fortress which was constructed in the mid-old Silla period has been discovered. Gun was territorial but seong was a base point. Seongs in a gun changed into a gun and a few hyeons. Each of them divided the territory of the old gun. There were two main road in the valley. One is from west to east along the river and the other is from south to north across the valleys. Silla made a Sak-ju (朔州) provine along the south-north road because the capital was located in the south east part of the state. Gun-hyeons of Sak-ju were arranged along the two roads and the administrative center of Sak-ju was located in the cross point. The water system of North Han River could be used to transport grain. In the center place of unified Silla’s gun-hyeon, a seong was remained and chons (村, village) were distributed in the territory. The function of the fortress in the unified Silla period is a matter in dispute. It can be clarified if the sites of fortresses and villages are more discovered and excavated.
  • 9.

    A Study on the Structure of 「Youcheongpyeongsangi(遊淸平山記)」 and Utilization in Chinese Character Education

    Hyeokjin Kwon | 2011, 22(1) | pp.227~248 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This manuscript identifies the structure of Yousangi from 「Youcheong pyeongsangi(遊淸平山記)」 and utilizing it in the class of school. 「Youcheongpyeongsangi」 is constructed with 5 paragraphs. This structure is the form subdividing the general structure of Yousangi that has preparation-practice-general review. 「Youcheongpyeongsangi」 is the form of spatial and temporal composition. The work with temporal composition deals with the hiking in two days of the May 4, 5th. According to author’s itinerary, the relics and natural landscape are faithfully recorded in the work. Rhetorical elements are applied in the paragraph structure. The rhetoric of 豫伏法, 提綱法, 問答法 is used. Some paragraphs put emphasis on the descriptions of the scenery of the season or author’s opinion. Other paragraphs show aural and visual images well. 「Youcheongpyeongsangi」 has paragraphs with different types of rhetoric. Therefore, it makes an in-depth understanding and appreciating the work to understand the work through analysis of the structure of the work. One of the differences between previous Educational Curriculum and the 7th Educational Curriculum Revision is about prose. This manuscript analyze Yousangi in textbook through structure responding to the 7th Educational Curriculum Revision emphasizing the understanding of contents and themes utilizing the structure and method of the text developing. From this, This manuscript identifies that it must be sublated to learn, focusing on Chinese characters in use, phrase explanation, form of the sentence and it is more efficient to understand contents and themes, utilizing the structures and methods of the text developing at appreciating works.
  • 10.

    A Study on Hagok Chong Che-du’s Understanding of Daehak(Great learning)

    BYEONGSAM SUN | 2011, 22(1) | pp.249~275 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    When we study on the Hagok Chong Che-du’s philosophical thought, it is difficult to find out his thought’s characteristics which can be regarded as the stereotypes of Korean Yang-Ming Studies by comparing to chinese Yang-Ming Studies(or Post Yang-Ming Studies). For the comparative research of Hagok Chong Che-du’s philosophical thought, we need to understand what is the main idea of chinese Yang-Ming Studies(or Post Yang-Ming Studies) and Hagok Chong Che-du’s philosophical thought. So it isn’t the simple process but the long term project. In this paper, I want to study Hagok Chong Che-du’s Daehakhuo《大学说》 which is summarizing his idea of Daehaks(Great learning) to grab his liang-zhi-xue(良知学). Daehak(Great learning) is one of the most important bibles in Song-Ming-Li-Xue(宋明理学). Zhu xi(朱子) wants to establish moral standard by editing the new version of Daehak(Greatlearning), so called Daehakzhangju《大学章句》, which is specialized by the so called “the chapter of complement”(补亡章). Yang ming(阳明) disagrees with Zhu xi(朱子), thinking that the notion of Zhu xi(朱子) is only focusing on the enlargement of knowledge, ignoring the moral cultivating. So he wants to establish moral subjects by re-regarding OldVersionDaehak (《古本大学》. In this point, we can understand the reason why two scholars stresses on different aspect in Daehaks(Great learning)Hagok Chong Che–du accepts Yang ming(阳明)’s understanding of Daehaks(Great learning), disagreeing with Zhu xi(朱子)’s understanding of Daehaks(Great learning). And he wrote the Daehakhuo《大学说》 which is summarizing his idea of Daehaks(Great learning). In this paper, I focusing on the three branches, that is “zhi-shan(至善)”, “zhi-zhi-zai-ge-wu(致知在格物)”, “xiao-di-ci(孝底慈)”, trying to find out his thought’s characteristics. Briefly speaking, Hagok Chong Che–du is focusing on the harmony with people, rather than Yang ming(阳明) is focusing on the moral cultivating of individual. That is I think one of the stereotypes of Korean Yang-Ming Studies.
  • 11.

    A Study on the Youth Education Theory of 『Sa So Jeol(士小節)』

    CHIN SUNG SU | 2011, 22(1) | pp.277~312 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    In this paper, observed the essence and the principles of youth etiquette education theory of Lee, Duk-mu(李德懋), and investigated how to apply his theory in today. Therefore examined the Lee, Duk-mu’s life, writing motivation of 『Sa So Jeol(士小節)』, composition and contents of 『Sa So Jeol』, also investigated three principles and contents of 「Dong Kyu(童規)」 that the chapter of 『Sa So Jeol』. 『Sa So Jeol』 is the life etiquette training book written by Lee, Duk-mu in 1775, in the Renaissance of the Joseon Dynasty. In 『Sa So Jeol』’s introduction, Lee said he wrote this book for ‘self-training and regulating the family(修身齊家)’. This book includes 「Sa Jeon(士典)」 for men’s etiquette, 「Bu Ui(婦儀)」 for women’s etiquette, 「Dong Kyu(童規)」 for youth life pattern etc., which contains the purpose of ‘keep small etiquette could get the great cause’. Therefore the study examined the principles of youth etiquette education by ‘principles of early educaion’, ‘principles of life education’, ‘principles of value education’.
  • 12.

    The Characteristics of Views on Child Education in Nineteenth Elementary Teaching Materials

    최종찬 | 2011, 22(1) | pp.313~339 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Neo-confucianism, which was introduced toward the end of coryo Dynasty, was adopted for the purpose of establishing social unity in the period of forming a new national system, and made a great achievement due to its wholehearted acceptance by the ruling class. Since then, Neo-confucianism influence every aspect of the Chosun Dynasty such as policy, culture, and diplomacy. The social order promoted by Neo-confucianism provided a consistent philosophical standard in education. Chosun society made a great effort to educate children who were possibly to develop their families and society. An educational system established by a long-term plan was devised to deal with this highly delicate and close process. The contents of the book used for chid education in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries mainly included ancestor’s writings which might improve the concept of Neo-confucianism in the child’s thinking and world view. This caracteristic probably came about because they did not put a child in the center of family. From the nineteenth century, there was a wind of change in education in the frame of Neo-confucianism. A series of attempt commonly called Korean Practical Science criticized the contradictions and irrationality of the existing social system, and suggested a new paradigm by focusing on the social and economic field. Education also became the target of change following the change in the social atmosphere. The elementary textbooks in the Chosun Dynasty brought out massive and various output in nineteenth century. The Practical Scientists were able to perceive what was necessary for educational development, and therefore, they brought about an educational revolution by introducing brand-new forms, contents and topics awakening national pride. The arise of Neo-confucianism was broken by the introduction of new textbooks. Most of all, it is important to keep in mind he independent movement in the previous era which made a lot of efforts for the educational renovation and the positive development of children.
  • 13.

    Developing a Video Image Content Model for Teaching Chinese Prose - focus on The 7th High School Course-Curriculum

    이경우 | 2011, 22(1) | pp.341~366 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Chinese prose contains much of ancestral wisdom and culture. Chinese education, however, is being disregarded by students in the current educational system. Even if the learners with a lot of interest try to read Chinese prose, the text book doesn’t offer enough affluent background information for them to understand. To better understand the prose, the readers have to be provided with information on the lives of the authors, the background settings. the author’s intention, and why the author had to write such prose. Therefore, it is important to convey the background information before beginning prose education in earnest to better facilitate the students in understanding Chinese prose. What then could be an efficient media? Possible media options range from text and video image media to electronic media(internet). Among these, I would like to note video image media. We need to develop ‘a Chinese prose teaching-learning content’ to correspond with learners’ preference and propensity. This has direct relation to the learner’s media tendency. Thus through this thesis I would like to suggest a teaching-learning content model led by field teachers. The thesis studies the following. Chapter two discusses the relationship of video image media and Chinese prose. In Chapter three, I classify the 7th high school Chinese classic prose into three categories; literary prose, historical prose, philosophical prose. Then I propose three types of teacher teaching-learning video content models. The thesis through developing such a microscopic video image content model looks for an opportunity to find the meanings and limits of teacher-centered content, and to find ways to improve the content development.