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pISSN : 1975-521X / eISSN : 2765-3943

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2013, Vol.27, No.1

  • 1.

    Sung Hyun’s speaking and means by ‘Buhyuja’ in The story of Buhyuja and Discussion of Buhyuja

    Hwang ah young | 2013, 27(1) | pp.7~35 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This article scopes out a fictional charater – Buhyuja’s speaking and means in The story of Buhyuja and Discussion of Buhyuja written by Sung Hyun (1439-1504). Sung Hyun described Buhyuja, an ideal type of human character, with Buhyuja’s personality and enjoyment in an autobiographical essay The story of Buhyuja. Meanwhile, Discussion of Buhyuja composed of three type of fascicles: ‘Graceful Words’, ‘Foolish Words’ and ‘Complementary Words’. In Discussion of Buhyuja, fictional characters had appeared in each section so that contemporary issues had been described with indirect narrations, which purposed to escape punishments derived from direct and straightforward speaking. In accordance with direct speaking from imaginary persona and bitter satire on society in The story of Buhyuja and Discussion of Buhyuja, Sung Hyun had sincere remonstrance and satire on a king. Sung Hyun seemed to conform a demand – ‘The king is the Heaven’. However rather, Sung Hyun actually emphasized a king is a representative of the Heaven only for the public. In addition, Sung Hyun looked like to follow an assertion – ‘Personal talent and ability are obtainable with learning’, though Sung Hyun, in fact, highlighted one’s natural ability inborn characterized as well as scarcely changed. On the other hand, Sung Hyun had stated a middle coursed view of political opinions without single-side-on stance. Eventually, Sung Hyun applied various speaking on a fictional charater – Buhyuja. Then, Sung Hyun directly expressed meaning of his political opinions and self-esteem against contemporary social situations.
  • 2.

    Changes of the Phases of the Times during the later 16th Century and Literary Aesthetics of Deviation

    Shin,Youngju | 2013, 27(1) | pp.37~67 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper looked into the growth of the literary atmosphere in the castle town of Hanyang (capital city) during the King Seonjo and into Jeon O-ja among the literary coteries of Heo Gyun. Although their activity may not represent the literary circles during this period, it is obvious that their activity demonstrated well the characteristic aspect of the pattern of dynamic literary activity at that time. The group showed that unlike the composition of persons who were composed of existing literary circles, outsiders who were mainly sons from concubines during that period formed a group, and enjoyed the appreciation of the arts and deviation while resisting existing notions without losing their identities. In this regard, it has a value of literary history. Although the paper did not unearth the pattern of their activity clearly, it is hope that this paper will be a foundation for active follow-up research.
  • 3.

    The introduction of Chinese paintings and Jehwasi[題畵詩] written by Chosun’s Literary men in the 17th century

    Nammyon Lee | 2013, 27(1) | pp.69~98 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This study focuses on Jehwasi[題畵詩] of the 17th century that is written especially on Chinese paintings. In the 17th century, there is a great change in social, cultural, economic aspects owing to Manchu’s invasion of Korea in 1636(丙子胡亂) and the Party Strife. Therefore Jehwasi also reflects the complicated thoughts of the poets. It can be roughly categorized into two trends. First, Jehwasi written by Chosun’s Literary men in the 17th century expresses sorrow over the miserable social conditions and Anti-Qing sentimentality(反淸意識). The poets concentrated more on showing their personal feelings than its own artistic achievements. Second, the works express a longing for unworldliness land of poets. They tried to escape from these harsh realities by looking at peaceful and dreamlike scenes in Chinese paintings. Consequently, on the one hand they hoped to go to the unworldliness land but on the other they felt social responsibility as intellectuals while they watched Chinese paintings. Also their high level poets increased the value of paintings.
  • 4.

    The Backgrounds and Characteristics of Kimun in the Late Choson Period

    AHN SE HYUN | 2013, 27(1) | pp.99~129 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    This paper focuses on the Kimun of Kwon Sub and Yoo Kyung-jong in the late Choson dynasty. I tried to analyze the backgrounds and characteristics of their writings, named Mongki(夢記) and Uiwonji(意園誌). These two articles are about imagined space, and drawings about these articles followed up. So that there are enough reasons to arouse researchers’ interests. Both Kwon Sub and Yoo Kyung-jong were marginalized intellectuals, while they belonged to different faction. And they lived comfortably as they were well off both economically and culturally. Kwon managed several number of manor, and Yoo was one of famous book collector at that time. And they received the benefits of senior scholars. Therefore, they could realize the worth of literature and arts from their early life, and they enjoyed their privileges. They wrote their desires what they couldn’t achieve in their real life through writings. They could solve their realistic limit by writing articles. This attitude is totally different from earlier writings.
  • 5.

    A Study on the boundary of art in Chusa’s Poems on drawing

    kim yun ju | 2013, 27(1) | pp.131~163 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Chusa’s poems on drawing appear in postscripts. Although the main contents are comments on the drawing, the contents include Chusa’s theory of drawing. Chusa’s poems on drawing indicate ‘格物致知 學畵觀’, ‘書畵一致 批評觀’, and ‘不一不異 藝術觀’ in the point of view of arts. In the point of view of 格物致知 學畵觀, the method of drawing study is 格物致知 itself and this character is appeared in his poems on drawing. Chusa demonstrated that 蘭畵 is one of small 技藝, however studying hard is not different from the study of 聖門 格物致知. Futhermore, he said 格物致知 to explain the connection between drawing and studying. Chusa found out aesthetics of 格物致知 in Han dynasty 碑石. Therefore, he said that nobody can become Buddha suddenly and catch the dragon with bare hands. He thought that it is only possible when he has lots of exercises. The systematic study and efforts are the most important things for him. In the point of view of 書畵一致 批評觀, drawings and writings are not different. It means that writing well is drawing well and these two things which are the same. In the point of view of the 不一不異 藝術觀, we can find that Chusa’s thought of drawing was influenced by Zen of Buddhism. Therefore He thought that perfect enlightenment transcends the limits of language and letters. For him, Zen is same with arts, because they are based on intuition.
  • 6.

    Disorder and cheating of 18~9th century’s Gwageo(the highest-level state examination to recruit ranking officials) – focused on 『Mumyungjajip』-

    Gyupil Lee | 2013, 27(1) | pp.165~202 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract PDF
    This study considers disorder and cheating of 18~9th century’s Gwageo(the highest-level state examination to recruit ranking officials) by types according to a time order, and approaches the actual circumstances. At the time, the class of Yangban(gentry) was expanded and earthy. This phenomenon was interlinked with the rise in competition rate of Gwageo, so the Gwageo system became disorder disorderly and officer’s qualification was lowered. Bribe and request was rampant, there was the leaking of test questions before the examination or successful candidate had already been nominated. There were all kinds of cheating on an examination, for example, fight over a position, cheating, proxy examination, team examination paper writing, change of examination site, exchange of examination papers, making and submission out of examination site. On the way of examination paper’s submission, conspiring with Proctors, many candidates exchanged secret codes suggested the pass by make requester’s name known, intercepted others’ success by changing test papers. After th test time they bribed Proctors, exchanged the examining papers by the bundle and fabricated grades and readjusted success or failure outflowing the results. These illegalities were involved with not only Proctor, but also people of every class, such as poor literary persons, government officials and soldiers, administrations bond servants. To sum up, the field of 18~9th century’s Gwageo(the highest-level state examination to recruit ranking officials) was connected with people of every class, across the whole course form notification of examination to announcement of a successful candidate. Yunki’s documentary on Gwageo’s disorder and cheating is not only vivid field report, but also window which foresee bureaucratic society’s contradictions of 19th century.
  • 7.

    The Study on Zhu Xi’s Hermeneutics of Shihjing reflected in Korean Traditional Hermeneutics of Shihjing

    Kim, sookyoung | 2013, 27(1) | pp.203~234 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Although Zhu Xi’s Hermeneutics of Shihjing has been a great impact on Korean traditional hermeneutics of Shihjing, Korean study of her traditional hermeneutics of Shihjing has mainly focused on the perspectives different from Zhu xi’s. This study trend makes a great number of texts which are regarded as hermeneutics of pro-Zhuxi remain unstudied. In this situation, we need to investigate the hermeneutics of pro-Zhuxi in order to understand the whole aspect of Korean traditional hermeneutics of Shihjing. Zhuxi’s hermeneutics of Shihjing have various facets. Based on the fact, the study categorizes four point of views such as ideological characteristics, philological characteristics, literary characteristics, and language conversion characteristics to investigate Korean traditional hermeneutics of Shihjing. The research shows that Korean traditional hermeneutics of Shihjing which so-called follow Zhuxi’s hermeneutics can give different prominence to Zhuxi’s hermeneutics according to interpreters’ interest or preference. Therefore, we can conclude that Korean traditional hermeneutics of Shihjing belonging to Zhuxi’s hermeneutics also have their own diversification.
  • 8.

    A study on The Shun-ja(荀子)’ accommodate aspects in Joseon(朝鮮)

    Doohwan Shin | 2013, 27(1) | pp.235~267 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    This paper is A study on The Shun-ja’ Accommodate aspects in. Shun-ja was famous for his the ethical view that human nature is fundamentally evil(性惡說). He is demonstrating how the acceptance of the doctrine of the human nature is fundamentally evil. Joseon is critical and It was almost heresy to go. but Some scholars affirm the hat. he was Disciple-back pressure of a Confucianist. His governing idea is Korean studies are accepted and his thoughts of administrating the state to relieve the people’s suffering Korean studies are accepted. His stance is that Joseon the acceptance. His doctrine of think much of propriety is accommodate. It is extremely important to his ye-ag(禮樂)-doctrine. However, some are not positive. His sentences are perverse examples of learning. His glaring analogy method and Coherent speech. Many scholars who want to learn. His thought is Korea had a significant impact on Korean scholars. His doctrines are herded to Korean scholars. Shun-ja was a great thinker.
  • 9.

    Proposal Concerning to the Development of Teaching “Confucian Classics” in Classical Chinese Textbooks in Middle and High Schools

    Kim Yong-Jae | 2013, 27(1) | pp.269~306 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    After the acceptance of ‘classical Chinese(漢文)’ as a distinguishing subject in 1972, the curriculum was formed and based on it the textbooks, which guarantee the teaching contents, were produced several times. However despite the quantitative increase, it is still necessary to think more about the qualitative development of the so-called ‘material for writing’ - the texts written by Chinese characters in textbooks. Especially the contents of ‘classical Chinese’ textbooks, going after several revisions of curriculum, have repeatedly transfigured in some aspects, but the whole contents in reality almost remain the same. About the part of ‘Confucian classics’, it can be seen that there is only the quantitative expansion, while the classical texts almost imitate the pre-existing ones as the standard and remain unchanged. This point must be thought about carefully. However the part the most necessary to be considered is the fact that the purpose, the contents and the evaluation etc. of the ‘Confucian classics education’ are not yet concretely clarified. Sometimes there are discussions on this field, but the contents seem to be much sketchy. The purpose this paper aims at is that, in order to solve all the problems of the ‘Confucian classics education’, we must try to generally arrange and examine parts of Confucian classics which are included in textbooks currently published, and from that find the questions and the goals of this education. About the question of the first step in practising ‘classical Chinese’, it is commonly thought of “The Analects” and “Mencius”. If the Confucian classics is considered the first step in practising ‘Classical Chinese’, then in order that the classical Chinese subject would not be evaded, and to fulfil the responsibility and the identity of this subject, we must find a new way for the Confucian classics to appear in textbooks, and their educational direction.
  • 10.

    A study of WEB based instruction Management for ‘Chinese Classics as Liberal Arts’ in University.

    Baek KwangHo | 2013, 27(1) | pp.307~329 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This study is intended to introduce a case of Chinese character as Liberal Arts opened as liberal arts in a Korean university to researchers related to the three nations, that is, Korea, China and Japan. The lecture to be studied in this report is a lecture named <Chinese character and Chinese classics> developed by 8 universities in Korea uniting. This study aims to introduce a case of Web contents development and Cyber-campus operation of <Chinese character and Chinese classics>, Chinese character subject as liberal arts opened for students whose major is not Chinese character. It is the present situation that in Korea, a lecture related to Chinese related lectures gradually decrease because Korean universities tend to focus on practical education though they gradually reinforce liberal arts. As one of solutions for that, various universities developed a textbook for lecture and operated a Team teaching on-line lecture. This study is significant in that if the situation similar with Korean universities occurs in China or Japan, an idea able to improve a lecture related to Chinese character as Liberal Arts can be sought.