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2015, Vol.31, No.1

  • 1.

    Sap-kyo(霅橋) Ahn Seok-kyung(安錫儆)’s Study on The Book of Odes(詩經) and Characteristics in Ahn Seok-kyung’s Explanation Methods of The Book of Odes

    Yang, won seok | 2015, 31(1) | pp.7~39 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
     The purpose of this paper aims to look into major contents of Ahn Seok-kyung’s study on The Book of Odes and characteristics in Ahn Seok-kyung’s explanation methods of The Book of Odes through Ahn Seok-kyung’s examination of Ji-moon(識聞)⋅Shi-zhuan(詩傳).  In the main subject, following study progressed. First of all, Ahn Seok-kyung’s recognition of Confucian classic and sentences & composition and contents of Ji-moon(識聞)⋅Shi-zhuan(詩傳) were summarized. Then, a view, etc. of reverence of Zhu-xi(朱熹)’s notes, affirmation of Yinshishuo(淫詩說) etc. were confirmed. Also, through consideration of explanation methods of The Book of Odes, this paper described that Ji-moon(識聞)⋅Shi-zhuan(詩傳) are manuals written by positively utilizing rhetorical methods.  The largest characteristics that can be found from Ji-moon(識聞)⋅Shi-zhuan(詩傳) are that those scriptures positively utilized rhetorical methodologies. There can be great significance in the history of Confucian classic in that new study methods on Confucian classic were used.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Perception of Poetry and Poetic world of Sapkyo An Suk-Kyong

    Kim Geun-tai | 2015, 31(1) | pp.41~74 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
     This paper aims to consider the perception of poetry and poetic world of Sapkyo An Suk-Kyong. Without any special mentor, Sapkyo acquired his learning by prominent men intimated with his father. He also admired Kim Chang-Heup and Lee Byoung Yeon, famous poets at that time, so that emulated and accepted their poetic consciousness and composition method. He believed, fundamentally, it’s resonable for him to foster and cultivate academic capacity, but what a true poem is to describe the poetic object with genuine feelings as well as its verisimilitude. In his poetry, it feels like strong sense of beauty of the uncommon and profound style because mostly they recite the beauty of natural landscape or a joy of retiring from the world into the nature. Moreover he strongly advocated the Plan for a Northern Expedition with thought of Song Si-Yeol as the guidelines in his life, and expressed his own desire to manifest the spirit of Joseon Dynasty again even though shrinking situation. In terms of composition method, he put emphasis on realistic description of scenery of the season without pretense, and spiritual meaning of it.
  • 3.

    Sabkyo An Suk Kyeong’s Landscape Essays

    Kang Hye-Kyu | 2015, 31(1) | pp.75~100 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
     This study focuses on analyzing the landscape essays written by Sabkyo An Suk Kyeong in relation to his works. This study also aims on identifying characteristics of his landscape essays which have not yet been recognized, within the context of the landscape essays of the era. Closely related with poetry, dream records[夢記], and pilgi(筆記), Sabkyo’s travel essays embody his travel experience as a whole. This can be understood in the trend of landscape literature of the era, which, along with travelogues, incorporated various genres.  First of all, Sabkyo closely connected poetry with travel writing. He used identical expressions in both poems and travelogues and used the narrative of the travelogue as a catalyst to amplify and deepen the lyricism in his poems. Next, Sabkyo used the same method for creating imagery in dream records and travel writing, and thus, added the mystical ambience to the imagery of the landscape, along with his perception of reality and his views on life. Sabkyo further instilled his core idea, Sinocentrism, in the landscape, which shows his pride in Joseon and his ideal on reestablishing the universal order. Finally, by expanding and embellishing his anecdotes of the people he met during his travels in his pilgi writings and by deepening the scope of information on the landscape and travels in his travelogues, which originally are topics for pilgi, Sabkyo differentiated the content of his writing by each genre. This characteristic is more prominent in Sabkyo’s travelogues among the travelogues in the eighteenth century. The eighteenth century brought rise to a depth in lyricism, detailed imagery, and a systemization of the information on landscape in landscape literature, all of which led to the proliferation and variation of each genre. Sabkyo’s literary works are the most prominent among the flow of such works.
  • 4.

    An Seok-gyeong’s Prose Criticism and its Educational Value on Writing Prose

    Jihun Yoon | 2015, 31(1) | pp.101~122 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
     『Sapgyo-yehakrok』 is one of An’s brilliant works, where his criticising prose is remarkable in that it could be thought that what he says about prose helps middle or high school students write better.  In 『Sapgyo-yehakrok』, he referred to the coherence of subject, the connection between sentences, and the well-knit structure, encouraging readers to get to the core of writings, as the points of prose criticism. Therefore, his way to criticise prose is effective on grasping the heart out and appreciating the works when reading, putting importance on understanding what a writer wants to say through the whole one rather than interpreting individual words, which is related to all kinds of writings as well as prose.
  • 5.

    Characteristics of poetry criticism and meaning from a historical perspective appeared in 『Jehosiwha(霽湖詩話)』

    HA JUNG SEUNG | 2015, 31(1) | pp.123~166 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Yang Kyong-Woo was the influential writer who has worked in the age of King gwanghae to King seonjo in the middle of the Joseon Dynasty. 『Jehosiwha(霽湖詩話)』 written by him is significant book published in the 17C. It is unique that this book deals with form and rhythm. 『Jehosiwha(霽湖詩話)』 deserves to be praised for playing a leading role in the history of Chinese poetry criticism in Korea. Next, 『Jehosiwha(霽湖詩話)』 is important because it commented in depth over on the Tang’s poetical style of Chinese poetry, which had been in fashion for much of the end of the 16C. This book is like a bridge linking between the early years of the Chosun and the late of Chosun Dinasty. Lastly, it is noteworthy that 『Jehosiwha(霽湖詩話)』 focuses on poets and works of the time. This book is a new starting-point of criticisms of the day. I categorize 『Jehosiwha(霽湖詩話)』 by content; Yongsa(用事), Siche(詩體), versification, rhythm, rhyme, poetry criticism. It is similar in some ways to a traditional criticism with regard to Yongsa(用事), Siche(詩體), versification. But discussing rhythm and rhyme in poems is unusual criticism method. In this thesis, characteristics of poetry criticism of 『Jehosiwha(霽湖詩話)』 are as follows; ① poetical rhetoric and emphasis on poetic words. ② Yongsa(用事), the use of past events which includes Jumwha(點化), chiseling in poetic terms. ③ rhythm and rhyme. ④ the Tang’s poetical style of Chinese poetry. These subjects are several key issues which are dealed with in 『Dongin-siwha(東人詩話)』. Still, it’s discussions not only took a step forward but are also segmented and concrete. In short, 『Jehosiwha(霽湖詩話)』 succeeds to method of the traditional poetry criticism and creates new brand ones. So it has a historical significance in poetic criticism history.
  • 6.

    The change of the confucian thought of righteousness[春秋大義] realized by Lee, Sayong[李士龍]

    Kim, Dong suk | 2015, 31(1) | pp.167~192 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
     When the Joseon Dynasty send an envoy to Qing Dynasty, Joseon Dynasty envoy usually talked about LeeSayong(李士龍) who took part in a JinZhouWar[錦州戰鬪] and died in 1941 during going through this war area.  During the JinZhouWar[錦州戰鬪], LeeSayong(李士龍) who was in a Joseon Dynasty firelock[鳥銃] troops to help Qing Dynasty, fired firelock without bullets in order to protect Min Dynasty soilder because he was rooted in confucian thought of righteousness[春秋大義]. At last his acting that fire firelock without bullets was found by Qing Dynasty soilders. So he was put to death by Qing Dynasty soldier.  This story was well known among Joseon Dynasty scholar for a long time. He was represented as a embodiment confucian thought of righteousness[春秋大義]. But some scholars among the faction of NamIn(南人), this phenomenon was differently explained from the faction of NoRon(老論). For example, Namguman(南九萬) and LeeKynIk(李肯翊) maintained their opinion that LeeSayong(李士龍) was the sacrificial victim because at that time most of Joseon Dynasty soldiers who where in a JinZhouWar[錦州戰鬪] did not want kill Ming Dynasty soldiers. Because of this accident Qing Dynasty need a sacrificial lamb to encourage the other soldiers. So LeeSayong(李士龍) was chosen.  It is said that Joseon Dynasty use the confucian thought of righteousness[春秋大義] as to control the power of their subjet by using it, and LeeSayong(李士龍) was the representative of the confucian thought of righteousness[春秋大義].  It is also said that the Joseon Dynasty and Qing Dynasty’ estimate for the their loyal retainer was closely related to their profit of political matters. So ZuDaShou[祖大壽] who is the ming general in JinZhouCheng[錦州城] and surrender to Qing Dynasty was get a prize to build Pai-Loo(牌樓), LeeSayong(李士龍) who is the Joseon soldier even though he is dead promoted and represented the symbol of the confucian thought of righteousness[春秋大義].
  • 7.

    Through friendship poems of Chujae Cho-susam, Daesan Kang-Jin, Donglang Han-chiwon

    kimyoungjook | 2015, 31(1) | pp.193~221 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
     Since the 19th century, In the face of poetic meetings the Middle-class intellectuals had a leading role. Beyond the limitations of identification, They take advantage of the knowledge-based culture of communication.  Chujae Cho-susam, Daesan Kang-jin, Donglang Han-chiwon three People are The most typical example.  That was the time when they befriend the mid-19th century. At that time Beolyeol(閥閱) who owns forces were getting weaker. Hegemony of culture was no longer their exclusive property. To transcend hierarchy, the Middle-class intellectuals were sharing a cultural preference. They met to write a poem just. The meeting was a pure form of the poet.  These meetings are important. Because to be able to gauge the cultural map of the era.  Prior to study the culture of the gentry, what is important is to identify the existence which it is possible to connect between the two. In this study, l reproduced the meeting of three people, through a number of materials.  Perhaps in the late Joseon culture will be one of the samples to prove they did play any role.
  • 8.

    The historical research and record about the literary men’s called SungHoHakPa civilization in the 19th century, 『DongSaIlGy』

    JUNG EUN JOO | 2015, 31(1) | pp.223~252 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
     DongSaIlGy is the literary written by Lee, HakGyu in 1819, which was 19th time he has been exiled to KimHae. This work is corresponded a literary work that he had researched and recorded the diverse cases about Korea’s history, geography, civilization, customs and etc with all 123 items throughout the various articles. DongSaIlGy includes the author, Lee. HakGyu’s vast intellectual world and reading experience just as it was. Therefore it’s the work we could see his practical thoughts as well as the motive to create the realistic Chinese poetry to be watched with keen interest by an authority of the academic world.  Lee, HakGyu and his writing has been influenced by the traditional of NamIn Family at his mother’s side. The creation background of DingSaIlGy is the family tradition of SungHoHakPa, which carried on the academic genealogy. SungHoSaSul and JungHunSeoRok is the representative encyclopedia work of SunHoHakPa in the 17th and 18th century. On the other hand, DongSaIlGy is encyclopedia work of SunHoHakPa in the 19thcentury. A series of writing from SungHoSaSul to JungHunSeoRok and to DongSaIlGy shows us the aspect of SunHoHakPa’s encyclopedia academic style to be succeed by periods.  This research tried to find out both DongSaIlGy’s characteristic aspects and its true meaning in the SungHoHakPa’s writing tradition. The set-up fact is SungHoSaSul and JungHunSeoRokwas the SunHoHakPa’s representation encyclopedia work before DongSaIlgy and it showed the features after comparing each works. This research to examine closely about DongSaIlgy’s contents and features will be an opportunity to light the SungHoHakPa’s academic style and aspect from generation to generation as well as to guarantee Lee,HakGyu himself the aspect of practical literary man in history.
  • 9.

    A Study on Poetry Cited in 『Daehak(大學)』 - Focusing on Jipju(集註) and Soju(小註)

    진예숙 | 2015, 31(1) | pp.253~280 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
     This study considered the poems of 『Sigyeong(詩經)』 cited in 『Daehak(大學)』 focusing on Jipju(集註) and Soju(小註), and examined which role these poems are playing in the Sugichiin(修己治人)-based logical structure in 『Daehak』. First of all, the chapter of Shinmin(新民) is being declared that Samgangryeong(三鋼領) in Myeongmyeongdeok(明明德), Shinmin(新民), Jieojiseon(止於至善) is mutually connected naturally and is ultimately united by quoting a poem that praised King Mun who can be said to be Jeonbeom(典範) of Sugichiin(修己治人). Sequentially, the chapter of Jieojiseon(止於至善) is characterized by developing the logic of Sugichiin by citing just a poetic line in all without a special argument. By the way, its logic is proposed very precisely, gradually and minutely, thereby making it available for guessing that the status of possessing in 『Daehak(大學)』 is very important.  The chapter of Jega(齊家)⋅Chiguk(治國) is being clarified that Chiguk(治國) is having a premise as Jega(齊家) by consecutively citing three poems. There is an emphasis on which Jega(齊家) relies upon Sushin(修身) and on which Chiguk(治國) depends on Jega(齊家) because enlightenment proceeds with being expanded into the outside from the inside. The chapter of Chiguk(治國)⋅Pyeongcheonha(平天下) is being mentioned in detail on a leader’s Hyeolgujido(絜矩之道). As a very big Janggu(章句, Chapters and Sentences) of possessing in 『Daehak(大學)』, it is figuratively clarifying that Chiguk(治國) becomes a premise of Pyeongcheonha(平天下) by quoting three poems of Sigyeong(詩經).  A logical system in 『Daehak(大學)』 is being most founded a problem of Myeongmyeongdeok(明明德). This results in Sushinron(修身論). Also, this Sushinron(修身論) is united to be interlinked with Chiinron(治人論) in Shinmin(新民) and Jieojiseon(止於至善) that have an inseparable relation to Myeongmyeongdeok(明明德). Ultimately, the poems in Sigyeong(詩經) quoted in Daehak(大學) were cited with the aim of strengthening the point of Sugichiin(修己治人). It is concentrated on the chapter that requires the reinforcement of a few core meanings. In addition, most of the cited poems were quoted on the basis of Danjangchwiui(斷章取義) unlike the original intention in Sigyeong(詩經). It is succeeding to the traditional saint notion[聖人觀], which regards King Mun as Jeonbeom(典範) of Sugichiin(修己治人). Zhi Zi’s Jipju(集註) and Soju(小註) is what is analyzing or describing its meaning by intensively highlighting these objectives.
  • 10.

    A Study on Formulation Process of Gyeonggichega(景幾體歌) by way of Comparative Research between An, Chuk(安軸)’s 「Gwandongbyeolgok(關東別曲)」 and Songsa(宋詞)

    Lee Gyeong Baek | 2015, 31(1) | pp.281~303 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
     Gyeonggichega occurred in the late Goryeo dynasty and subsequently matured in the mid-Joseon dynasty. 27 poems of Gyeonggichega remain currently among which An, Chuk’s 「Gwandongbyeolgok」 is determined as a representative work, as well as 「Hallimbyeolgok」. This study is intented to clarify how Songsa was introduced to Goryeo dynasty and how the relation of Songsa and 「Gwandongbyeolgok」 had gone, and to the extent of what the origin and formulation process of Gyeonggichega were in such a way comparative research between 「Gwandongbyeolgok」 and Songsa.  Songsa was popular at Song dynasty, it allows us to reason that Songsa’s introduction came in Goryeo dynasty. As for writers in Goryeo dynasty, they deemed its rhythm and lyric as adversity. They gave a great attention to creation of Songsa, notwithstanding they designed alternatively Gyeonggichega. Therefore Gyeonggichega, designed by the writers as very similar genre, aimed at creating new works, taking readers to the understanding, approaching to the elegance of Korea proper.  This study takes 「Gwandongbyeolgok」 and Songsa on comparative research in terms of the form and retoric, and in case of the form, finds bilateral similarity through long and short phases and before and behind ones, furthermore suggests the musical characteristic they both have causes bilateral similarity, and then in case of retoric, seeks bilateral similarity through citation and contraposition.  It may have a special meaning that comparative research is made herein and a lot of bilateral similarity is found between Gwandongbyeolgok」 and Songsa. As a result, it is thought that the origin and formulation process of Gyeonggichega were greatly influenced by Songsa.
  • 11.

    A Comparative Study on Historical Figures in Korean and Chinese Works - Focused on Tian Heng(田橫)

    Bae Jongsuk | 2015, 31(1) | pp.305~338 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
     Tian Heng appeared in Records of the Grand Historian[史記] by Sima Qian. Tian Heng and the 500 guests committed suicide for righteousness, which has shocked and moved the Korean and Chinese literati a long time ago. Therefore many literati have been concerned about Tian Heng and there were also lots of essays as well as poems about him. With this in mind, this paper intends to analyze how the Korean literati and the Chinese literati took a very different view of Tian Heng. The Chinese literati seemed to make more various comments on Tian Heng, as for poems, the Chinese poets also portrayed him in more extensive ways. There are two reasons for the difference in the Korean works and the Chinese works about Tian Heng. First, the Chinese literati could visit the sites about Tian Heng in person while the Korean literati could only learn about Tian Heng through historical records. Second, the Chinese literati could have more free concepts since the change of dynasty, on the contray, the Korean literati have embraced Neo-Confucianism only.
  • 12.

    A study on definition and category of the grammatical meaning for the emotional particles - Centered on textbook by The Educational Curriculum Revision in 2009

    SunyoungJung | 2015, 31(1) | pp.339~365 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
     This paper is a study on establishing of concept for ‘The Emotional Particles’ of ‘The Parts of Classical Chinese Knowledge’ in textbook by The Educational Curriculum Revision in 2009. Descriptive aspects for the emotional particles is not specify according to the its textbook comparing to the preposition. Therefore, considering the views of many scholars to research suggests that a set category of the grammatical meaning of the survey for the emotional particles in terms of the school as follows;  The emotional particles is configurable a single sentence component, just position in front, center and back represent structive relation. Its particles is a independent parts of speech of the function words meaning of suggestion, statement, question, admiration, etc.
  • 13.

    A Consideration on a Plan for Using the Historical & Cultural Contents in the Space of Yeonhaeng Nojeong(燕行路程) - Focusing on the Planning of ‘Historic Tourism Contents of Byeongjahoran(丙子胡亂)’ Using a Story of 'Story Theme Park'

    Shin, Chun-ho | 2015, 31(1) | pp.367~413 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    This study is the writing that seeks a planning method of historical & cultural contents using historical materials. The purpose of this study is to plan this as historical & cultural contents by grasping the memory aspect related to Byeongjahoran(丙子胡亂), which is reflected in Yeonhaeng Nojeong(燕行路程), after examining about the historical and cultural value and significance that Yeonhaeng Nojeong has as the historical space. The subjects of research is aimed to pay attention to Yeonhaeng Nojeong with a great value of utilizing an old road as the historical & cultural contents, to the memory of hostage journey in Byeongjahoran, which is projected in it, and to the Crown Prince So-Hyeon’s trace.  As for a research method, the aim is to figure out the documents such as 『Simyangjanggye(瀋陽狀啓)』, 『Simyangilgi(瀋陽日記)』, which recorded the Crown Prince So-Hyeon’s trace in Shenyang and the relevant contents focusing on 『Yeonhaengrok(燕行錄)』 following Byeongjahoran in order to grasp the hostage journey in Byeongjahoran. The aim is to promote the understanding about geographical space by using the record photos, which explored the sites of the Yeonhaeng Nojeong(燕行路程) in Chinese region and of the hostage journey in Byeongjahoran(丙子胡亂), and GPS(coordinate and track) data in order to supplement the contents of the documentary materials. Especially, to utilize it as a material of creating historical & cultural contents, it will inspect whether Yeonhaeng Nojeong has availability as a material of creating historical & cultural contents by analyzing a case of ‘Sahaeng(使行) story’ in <story theme park>, which is making classics(diaries) a story.  The reality of the cultural contents industry, which is called Silhak(實學, practical science), is in a situation of being always demanded the excavation of a new content material. In this regard, the probability of the Yeonhaeng Nojeong contents as ‘Public Domain Story’ is thought to be very high. Considering this matter, even the discussion in this study is thought to be likely able to be reference in offering a clue to the possibility of planning diverse historial & cultural contents using the space of Yeonhaeng(燕行) culture and Yeonhaeng(燕行) journey.