This is to learn about Takyoung Kim Il Son(1464-1498) and Dodong-Seowon which is for worshiping him, located in Mokcheon in Chungcheongdo. Besides, I shed new light on Takyoung as a great man who is admired and a symbol of scholar for the development of Cheonan. Moreover, I also wish that we could recover Dodong-Sewon which is now remained with only some vestiges so that it could be used for teaching young men a traditional moral justice.
In the latter half of the 15th century, Jeseon Dynasty cleared away the old and sick Hungupa, the conservative force, and went through the period of change for the new morals and public order. In this harsh realities, Takyoung kept his integrity and looked upon himself as a pioneer with is fidelity for the development of political society order.
He was a prominent men of the time. He succeeded Kim Jong Sik’s studies in Confucian atmosphere, and was grown as a man, who emphasized loyalty and justification, with historical consciousness. Also, he became a man of insight in overall politics through over 10 years of Ungansic and Sijongsic in government position. He, as a scholar seeking consistency of knowledge and behavior, tried to apprehend the society through the common people’s eyes and considered appeasing the people as a key of politics. In particular, He wished for the nation to recover sprit of nation and get forward to the revival through “Make the History Right”Even through he was excuted by Muosawha, he was a symbol and will of resist of the times despite his short life. Takyoungkum, which he was used to play, is a treasure to represent scholar’s taste for the arts and his posthumous works have been received high praise.
Dodong-Seowon is built in the period of Injo of Joseon dynasty in Mokcheon, Chungcheongdo. According to Takyoungyeonbo, Takyoung, in his twenty four on April in 1487(18th years of Sungjong), had Mrs. Yean Kim, whose father is Kim Mi Son, as his second wife in Hoseo Mokcheon on July in 1489(20th years of Sungjong), Since then, he had lived in Mokcheon, and he built Jukriljungsa near the villa in the valley of Mountain Jakseong in 1492(23th years of Seongjong.
According to the other record, the Seowon is built in this place and it was when Hangang Junggu prepared the ground for the school, found Jukrim, whichk is Seokgak, and built Jukrimjungsa. It is not sure if it was built with Sawu, religious rite for Jusa, in turn, it was used for worshipping Takyoung Kim Il Son and Hangang Junggu, and used for Hucheon Whangjonghae as well in Injo Kichuk.
There is Seowon village, where the Dodong-Seowon was, in the southeastern valley of Mountain Ens대k in Bukmyeon and Byeongchenmyeon in Cheonan, Chungcheongnamdo. It was called “Gaemok” but after Dodong-Seowon was built in Injo period, it was changed to Seowonri, became just a part of byeonchenri, and only the name of village is remained now.