This study as part of a basic study to examine the cultural status of Gongsanseong Fortress, a UNESCO World Heritage Site reviewed the current status of Jeyeongsi poetry of Gongbukru pavilion in Gongsanseong Fortress and the world of the works, contributing to finding the cultural and historical value of Gongbukru pavilion and utilizing it for cultural tourism.
Gongsanseong Fortress in Gongju is a space of beautiful scenery along the river Geumgang, and was the royal palace in the Baekje era, and there was Gammu for the provincial governor in the Joseon era, comprising various pavilions including Gongbukru pavilion. Gongbukru pavilion was a pavilion built north of Geumgang riverside in 1603 by the Cheongcheong‐do provincial governor, Yu Geun in the Gongsanseong Fortress as he was preparing Gammu of Cheongcheong‐do province, and played a spatial role of Yushik (遊息) and Jeonbyeol as well as functioning as Gwanbang (關防).
After Yu Geun completed and built Gongbukru pavilion in 1603, Jeyeongsi poetry of Gongbukru pavilion in Gongsanseong Fortress was written steadily until the beginning of the 20th century, and there are 94 poems in 86 subjects in the DB on the original information service provided by the Institute for the Translation of Korean Classics. In terms of the form of Jeyeongsi poetry of Gongbukru pavilion, there are 2 poems in 2 subjects in the classic Chinese quatrain with five‐character lines, 13 poems in 12 subjects in the five‐syllable regulated verse, 20 subjects 23 poems in the classic Chinese quatrain with seven‐character lines, and 56 poems in 52 subjects in the seven‐syllable regulated verse, showing that the seven‐syllable regulated verse accounts for more than half. It is because Yu Geun's poems, the first Jeyeongsi poetry of Gongbukru pavilion, were the seven‐syllable regulated verse, and the poets of oncoming generations wrote this poetry a lot by rhyme‐matching (次韻).
In the contents of Jeyeongsi poetry of Gongbukru pavilion in Gongsanseong Fortress, there are 24 poems which recited the beautiful scenery of Gongbukru pavilion, and 36 poems that revealed the inmost unburdened thoughts of journey, 26 poems revealing emotions of Yushik (遊息), and eight poems that reveal the emotions of historical retrospectives. It is because it was a space of beautiful scenery where Gongbukru pavilion was the ramparts of Gongsanseong Fortress, the royal palace and rural palace site of Baekje, a space with the view of the river Geumgang, a place of rest and entertainment for officials or envoys who perform public affairs, and the spaces of military camps where poets and experts in calligraphy and ink drawing could stay and expose the fatigue of the journey.