In the East, meridian point was found to be the reaction point of the human body's internal organs to the body's surface and also the therapeutic acupuncture point. Therefore, each acupuncture point, including this meaning, was named using the means of Chinese characters. Chinese characters has repeated its creation and extinction through the steps of inscriptions on bones and tortoise carapaces, an epigraph, Sojeon, square, and ornamental, and the Chinese characters written in Meridian point' name are also considered to be the same. In order to accurately understand the meaning of the name written in the current Meridian point' name, an analysis of the ‘the principle of Yuk Seo(六書) in Chinese characters’ and ‘Formation(形), Sound(音), Meaning(義)’ is required.
In this paper, Chinese characters related to buildings were selected out of 361 acupuncture point in the human body. The selected Chinese characters include 倉 of 地倉(stomach Meridian System No.4) acupuncture point, 臺 of 靈臺(Governor Vessel Meridian No. 10), 牖 of 天牖(Triple Energizer Meridian No. 16) and 極" of 極泉(Heart Meridian No. 1). However, errors sometimes occur because ‘the shape of a character(字形)’ or ‘pronunciation of a characters (字音)’ of the Chinese characters used today are different from the original ones. Therefore, based on Heo Sin's “Surveyor” in order to understand the significance(名義) of the acupuncture point, various track records and the greatness presented by Chinese medicine were compared and analyzed. We also looked at the pronunciation of a characters (字音), the source of a letter composition(字源) and change of formation letters through the analysis of ancient the shape of a character centered on sound part(聲符) and formation letters(字形).
The 地's acupuncture point is located on the tail of the mouth, which is the edge of the mouth. The word '地' in 地倉 was considered to be the function of the earth and the mouth was the location of the earth among sky(天), earth(地), and human(人) in the facial part. ‘倉’ was named as follows because ‘地倉’s acupuncture point' belongs to ‘胃’s Meridian system and ‘胃’ is the storehouse of grain. At the 靈臺's acupuncture point, ‘靈’ is the heart and ‘臺’ is a Hyoungsungja(形聲字) made by the method of formation(形成) in Chinese characters. ‘臺’ is named as follows by comparing the characteristics of an ancient building located in a high place and the characteristics of a heart located in a high place, it’s the same function that supports the human body. In ‘天牖’s acupuncture point, ‘天’ was named to reflect that the acupuncture point is located next to the ear. Also, ‘牖’ is named by comparing the ears to the functions of ancient windows. In ‘極泉’s acupuncture point, ‘極’ means that the acupuncture point is located under the armpit and its shape is like that of a cornice. In addition, Also, ‘泉’ was named as the first place to start like a spring water.
If you analyze and organize the Chinese characters ‘形, 音, 義’ and ‘source of a letter composition(字源)’ written in the human body’s acupuncture point, you will be able to give objective and persuasive information to those who study Chinese characters and Chinese medicine.