This article is a basic study to understand the cultural and historical traditions of Cheongju, the provincial capital of Chungbuk province, and examined the current status and contents of Jeyeong poetry written here along with the history of Gongbukru, the Northern Gate Pavilion of the Cheongju government seat fortress.
Gongbukru in Cheongju was founded by Yun Gye‐jong in 1320 in the Goryeo, and after Shim Eon‐gwang wrote Cha‐un poems here in 1524, it seems to have been degraded, as no poems were written. After that, Gongbukru was restored in 1667 by Lee Seom, governor of Cheongju, and it is believed that the poems were written here by Lee Ha‐gon et al., and remained until the early 18th century.
The first work of Jeyeong poetry of Gongbukru in Cheongju was written in 1321 by Gwon Han‐gong, in 1362 at the order of King Gongmin, 26 works of Eungje‐shi (poetry written by order of King) were written by Lee Saek and other 26 civil ministers, and afterwards there are 37 poems written by Jeong Chu, and Seong Seok‐rin in the late Goryeo, Han Sang‐jil, and Shim Eon‐gwang in the early Joseon, and Lee Hyeon‐jo et al. in the early 18th century.
Among the contents of the poems, the poetry written by order of King praised the king for reviving the country by defeating the invasion of the Red Turban Bandits, or revealing the personal glory of participating in Eungje, and other poems were about a traveler from political defeat, uncomfortable personal impressions of taking office as a local official, and superb views of Cheongju.
As Jeyeong poetry of Gongbukru Pavilion in Cheongju is valuable as a precious resource for understanding Gongbukru Pavilion history and late Goryeo and the meaning of the historical events that took place in Cheongju, it is hoped that the follow‐up research on this will continue to make efforts to more deeply understand the culture of Cheongju region and find its value.