Choe Chi-won(최치원) who was a Confucianist in Silla’s later years wrote Chewang-yondaeryok(제왕연대력), a historical chronology. Fifteen years ago, I chanced upon Chewang-yondaeryok reconized to be nonexistent until now at the library of National Institute of Korea History. But this book is a forged writing on the pretext of Choe Chi-won.
Because the contents of this writing about 90 per cents were taken from Chosensarak(조선사략) which has been written by Kim Chong-han(김종한) in 1924. On the other hand, the rest contents 10 per cents were taken from Chewang-yondaeryok which has been possessed at Magoksa(마곡사) Sangwonam (상원암). By the way Chewang-yondaeryok of Sangwonam is also a forged writing. For the names of place recorded in it are Koryo dynasty period. And it does not reflects Choe Chi-won’s historical view at all. We can arrive at a conclusion that Chewang-yondaeryok being in existence is a forged writing.
Judging from contents of this writing, Chewang-yondaeryok of Sangwonam seems to be written by someone under the rule of Japanese imperialism. Some persons wrote several forged books to inspire nationalism under the rule of Japaneseimperialism.AforgedwritingChewang-yondaeryokisakindof pseudograph under the such circumstances of times.
This essay aims to define the location of Sedal temple and explain how it is connected to the early powers of Goongyae. Many evidences show that Sedal temple is Heunggyo temple in Youngwol, and the location of Sedal temple farm is Youngju area of KyungsangBukdo.
In his youth, Goongyae was deeply influenced by merciful Buddha thought during his growing up in Sedal temple, which became the foundation of his thought. Merciful Budda thought was his choice for the registance against the established social rules and a way for assembling anti-Silla powers.
The early supporting powers of Goongyae consists of Zen powers. His chief advisor, Jong-Gan was a monk and his childhood friend from Sedal temple years. Sedal temple was under the influences of Gulsan Zen school of Myungju. Myungju was under the reign of Heowol, who helped Goongyae to enter Myungju and increase his power. It is assumed that the anti-Silla sentiments and merciful Buddha thought combined them to help each other with little conflict. Another Zen power is Guipyung of Jeju. He represented the temple power of Heungryung temple which is located very near Sedal temple.
Therefore, the early supporting powers of Goongyae is deeply connected with Sedal temple of Youngwol, and their common ideologies are anti-Silla sentiments and merciful buddha thought. And it can be concluded that the early supporting powers of Goongyae are temple powers connected with Sedal temple of Youngwol.