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2007, Vol., No.86

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    The Practice of Women's Faith in Goryeo Dynasty

    Young-Mi Kim | 2007, (86) | pp.1~37 | number of Cited : 7
    There have been no studies that dealt with the specific practice of Goryeo women's faith, something they were immersed in throughout their lives. In this paper, we have examined the ascetic practice of women through specific case studies. They supported Buddhist temples by donating their property; those without property ownership provided their most precious goods or even their labor. Some became more active in reciting of the Buddha's name or reading the Sutra, and personally observing traditions including religious bowing and the Seon meditation. They prayed mainly to Amitabha and Avalokitesvara; the ruling class women who could read Chinese read the Sutra. These kind of practices were not to be found before the era of Goryeo. Meanwhile, women's gatherings were banned by the government as demoralizing behavior, because both men and women participated actively in religious assemblies. They attended Buddhist services all over the country and visited holy places like the Geumgang Mountain. Religious activities in such forms provided the women with the chance to travel around, away from home. They prayed for conception, health of their children and families through various practices. They also prayed for the repose of their departed parents and husbands. And they practiced Seon in various ways praying for their own rebirth in paradise, or entered the priesthood on their deathbed. Compared to men sitting in meditation in order to be enlightened, the equivalent practice appeared a little later among women. And no treatise related to Buddhism are known to be written by a woman. This is because of the social circumstances that restricted women to life that centered around their families.
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    The Monument of Tangun tomb & Transmission under the Rule of Japanese Imperialism

    SUNG HWAN KIM | 2007, (86) | pp.171~209 | number of Cited : 7
    The monument is composed of the course of events to improve Tangun tomb under the rule of japanese imperialism. There are written letters all sides. The front side comes under epitaph and the others are made up monument. The details consist of birth, founding of a country, reign and last moment of Tangun and lack of courtesy for successive generations worship and justification on the mending movement of an association for the realization of a plan. There are premised the recognition that Tangun is the beginning of Joseon history and culture. Briefly, the contents are mixed with Kogi type and Ungje-si type. Also these transmissions have some connection with a historical view of Tangun-gyo, which it has a viewpoint that Hwanin, Hwanung and Hwangum are not only three gods but Trinitarianism. The tangun transmission at the Kangdong-gun is based on regional legend that this place was birth, growth and death of tangun. There contains traditional transmission, influence of Tangun-gyo and the confucians union at the Kangdong-gun, that they were the propensity of pro-japanese.
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    The Objectives And The Results Of The Colonial Customs researches

    허영란 | 2007, (86) | pp.211~246 | number of Cited : 11
    In this study an examination was conducted of colonial old customs researches done by Japan in the process of its invasion into Asia. Those old customs researches conducted in Chosun were also reexamined. The results reveal that the old customs researches by the colonial authorities included both the normative customs researches intended for enactment and the actual customs researches intended for correction. In Chosun there was a shift in focus in the middle 1910s from the enactment of norms to the collection of data for administrative reference. There was also a change to the agents of those researches. The Jungchuwon(中樞院) in charge of old customs researches according to the official regulations continued to do its job until the middle 1920s when different administrative departments including the Gwanbang at the Government-General of Chosun started to lead those researches. A comparison between the market researches done by the Jungchuwon and Gwanbang at the Government-General confirmed the results. The Government-General of Chosun was active conducting old customs researches for the sake of efficient colonial rule, but the objectives of the researches were not always fulfilled. It was not the case that they were able to manipulate the customs one-sidedly for certain purposes. And the force of the reality to maintain and support the customs was unexpectedly strong, which was confirmed in the market researches. That's why different perspectives should be taken according to the agents of researches involved in analyzing the data of old customs researches, which were generated in the middle of fierce tension between the intentions hidden in the research activities and the reality of the colony including the customs.
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