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2009, Vol.23, No.

  • 1.

    Determinants of Living Arrangements of the Elderly Parents and Married Children in Japan and South Korea

    JUNG-NIM KIM | 2009, 23() | pp.5~29 | number of Cited : 0
    The purpose of this study is to analyses the living arrangements of elderly parents and their married children in Japan and Korea. Data for this study was obtained from an international comparative study by the Japanese Government Cabinet Office in 2001. All subjects were aged 60 years and older living at home with one or more surviving children in either Japan (n=1,085) or South Korea (n=984) in 2001. Logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the factors for the living arrangements of the Elderly parents and married children. Within specific age cohorts, financial status indicators revealed that: 1) houses owned by the elderly or their family had a significant effect on living with married children for both 70 years or older in Korea and Japan and 60-69 years-old in Japan, 2) Among 70 years-old or older in Korea and 60-69 years-old in Japan, those that prepared financially for retirement during their 50’s had a significant effect on living with married children, 3) Among Koreans 60-69 years-old, the main source of income had a significant effect on living with married children, Family relations indicators revealed that: 1) Taking care of an infant had a significant effect on the living with married children indicators for both 60 years and older in Japan and Korea, 2) Among 60-69 years-old in both Korea and Japan and 70 years-old or older in Korea, have householder duties which had a significant effect on living with married children 3) Among those 70 years-old or older in Korea and Japan, surviving spouse had a significant effect on living with married children. These findings support the hypothesis that the determinants of living arrangements of the elderly parents and married children in Japan and South Korea are rough for not only the needs of elderly parents but also married children.
  • 2.

    Distribution of Manuscript Catechism in Korean Alphabet in the Latter Period of Chosŏn Dynasty

    노용필 | 2009, 23() | pp.31~54 | number of Cited : 12
    Up to the latter period of Chosŏn dynasty, manuscripts in Korean alphabet(Hangeul) were widely spread. The catechism of Roman Catholicism, known that those persons just reading it were punished and owning it were automatically branded to be the object of persecution as well, was distributed publicly in the shape of manuscript and was even sold. How much rate of manuscript in Korean alphabet took in the catechism of Roman Catholicism at that time is well shown by Bibiliographie Coreenne(Paris, 1894), that lists up Catholic books, written by Mouris Courant's , French, for which he collected and classified books by himself and published. It shows clearly the trend that the manuscript in Korean alphabet among those books relating to Roman Catholicism took lion's share. In the midst of such situation, the part of <Gyoyoseolon(敎要序論)> attracts attention. It not only explains the contents in detail but also mentions that <Gyoyoseolon >was also delivered by manuscript in Korean alphabet. So <Gyoyoseolon> written by Ferdinand Verbiest(南懷仁), proves the fact that manuscript in Korean alphabet was widely spread at that time and it is clear that this book was one of most important books to influence over the growth of Roman Catholicism greatly. Korea Catholic church in the mid of 19C is analyzed to consist of just 7.89% of upper class and the common people, who took the rest of rate, including middle class and lower class partially. The reason why the believer of Roman Catholicism grew so rapidly could be explained through the fact that the common people and women available to read only Korean alphabet could have many chances to read the manuscript catechism in Korean alphabet, being widely distributed, including <Gyoyoseolon> and were likely to enter church on a large scale. This is the very effect of manuscript catechism in Korean alphabet, represented by <Gyoyoseolon>, and it's historical meaning.
  • 3.

    Sima Qian's Historical Cognition and Philosophic Thinking

    fang haofan | 2009, 23() | pp.55~79 | number of Cited : 0
    This thesis follows the Records of the Grand Historian and analyzes historical cognition and philosophic thinking of Sima Qian who's the famous ancient Chinese historian. There are 25 official histories in Chinese historiography. The Records of the Grand Historian is the only one that the system is tremendous and profound. Because of its unique writing style, it is always concerned by Chinese scholars so far. The Records of the Grand Historian reflects the historical cognition and philosophic thinkingof Sima Qian. It concludes following aspects: Ⅰ. The thought of historical variation. It's the main idea in his historical cognition. It means that temporal changes incessantly. He inherited materialism from Early Qing and opposed that the way of heaven interfered personnel. Especially, the core concept of "窮天人之際" , by searching the way of heaven andpersonnel to find the basic reason of history development. II. The thought of great unification. The Records of the Grand Historian is the first history presented in a series of biographies in Chinese ancient history. He thought that the minority history is one part of Chinese history. Mainly, the positions of minority and others are equal. III. The policy of engage in trade. He agreed this policy. He thought that the desire is the motion to create wealth. We should encourage people who want to be rich. Wealth is the basic of social development and living. Meanwhile, he advocates that both personal loyalty and benefit are important. IV. Philosophy of Humanity. It's the core concept of Confucianism. Sima Qian inherited the thought from Early Qing critically. He made abstract Philosophy of Humanity material. Finally, he transferred it into practical thought of philosophy. Because of his efforts, Chinese philosophy has made a great stride. And it has significance to carry out the policy that runs the country with morality.
  • 4.

    Establishment of Fengjun and Its Shoufeng Standards In the Age of the Warring States

    Yongil Lee | 2009, 23() | pp.81~119 | number of Cited : 6
    The purpose of this study is to find out whether Fengjun established by Lieguo in Zhanguoshidai was the means which was promoted as a system for enhancing the national prosperity and defense under the national establishment, or it was a exclusive possession dominated by privileged class.
  • 5.

    A study of the characters on an unearthed seal in Korea

    런리웨이 | 2009, 23() | pp.121~133 | number of Cited : 0
    The letters on an unearthed seal are mainly examined in this study. From the viewpoint of graphonomy, I formed a hypothesis and used the method of exclusion. The formational principle of unconfirmed letters on the seal is analyzed and illegible letters are deciphered in this study based on the understanding of component parts of So-Jeon and Geum-Mun(one of the old Chinese character forms) in combination with the understanding of the rule and technique about seal engraving. This is a study on the theories of graphonomy, and it also proved a practical theme of classical studies. This research can be classified as the one using applied science.
  • 6.

    A Corpus Analysis of Middle School English Textbooks

    Mie-Ae Jung | 2009, 23() | pp.135~157 | number of Cited : 4
    This study presents the results of corpus analysis of English textbooks to show that gender bias and stereotyping are widespread in the English textbooks for the second year middle school students in Korea. This study focused on the numerical differences of male- and female-related terms including pronouns and proper nouns, descriptive adjectives, occupational differences. Results from this analysis indicate that the majority of texts in English textbooks for Korean second year middle school students are biased toward male-gendered NPs, and that they also contain highly stereotyped representations of both genders. (Geumgang University)
  • 7.

    Language Nationalism and Standard Language

    Jung, Seung-chul | 2009, 23() | pp.159~180 | number of Cited : 19
    This study aimed to describe features of language nationalism(語文民族主義) of Ju Si-gyeong(周時經, 1876-1914) and Choi Hyeon-bae(崔鉉培, 1894-1970), focusing on the language standardization. To achieve the aim, we examined their assertions on language nationalism and Korean standardization in their articles and books, and made clear points of sameness and difference between Ju and Choi through comparing the former with the latter. As a result, we could find out, as follows : in the early 20th century in Korea, Ju Si-gyeong and Choi Hyeon-bae exalted the superiority of Korean language and writing system, and insisted on its standardization for Korean Modernization. But Choi Hyeon-bae disagreed with Ju Si-gyeong in the selection criterion of standard language. While Ju Si-gyeong on regularity of allomorph alternation patterns, Choi Hyeon-bae valued on commonness to use. We argued that this disagreement was due to the difference of their linguistic view.
  • 8.

    A Study on the Plan of Cultural Community Paradigm between Korea and Russia

    Jung Eun Sang | 2009, 23() | pp.181~205 | number of Cited : 4
    The purpose of this study is to build the plan of cultural community paradigm between Korea and Russia. In this year 2009, we are going to celebrate the 19 anniversary of diplomatic relations between Korea and Russia. So it's high time that the future-oriented cultural community should be built on the strength of cultural exchange cooperation between two countries in the international system of "Globalization". In order to support the successful realization of "strategic cooperative partnership between Korea and Russia", we think that the most important thing is mutual trust between two countries. For the mutual understanding of themselves, it's absolutely necessary to understand the value system and the structure of consciousness of partners through cultural exchange. Especially, two countries are needed to study more seriously about mass culture. Because Russia has been explosive growth for its mass culture over the past years among the great changes of cultural paradigm which has been happened in Russia. The cultural consumption, driven by the korean wave sweeping across Russia will introduce Russian to new cultural brand. It's true that the korean government brand, which is separated its culture from politics, will make the independent communication channel of mass culture. If the mass culture of Korean wave type in itself become well known in Russia, we will be able to stabilize the building of cultural community paradigm between Korea and Russia. Therefore we expect that Moscow will be a bridge of the expantion of korean wave into the western european countries. In this paper we suggested which kinds of concrete proposals for the plan of cultural community paradigm between Korea and Russia will be considered. Furthermore, for the success of cultural community-initiated system, we also proposed action plan about community, every single step of road map plan about it and solution how to solve the problems awaiting. So, it is urgent for us to create a global network system of culture between Korea and Russia, which can connect closely with specialists of academic worlds and business community of both two countries. The ultimate goal of cultural community paradigm which is initiated by the global network, is to promote the development of cooperation and partnership between Korea and Russia. We also put goal of cultural community paradigm into the improvement of quality of life as an international citizens.