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2012, Vol.29, No.

  • 1.

    A History of Studies on the Analects in the Latter Period of the Yi Dynasty

    Song,Kap-Jun | 2012, 29() | pp.5~40 | number of Cited : 5
    Research studies on the Classics have really started in the 16th century since upon her foundation, the Yi Dynasty adopted Chu Hsi Science as the ruling principle. The Reflection on the Classics by Park, Se Dang and its different interpretations, which was anti Chu Hsi in nature, were compiled, even in the late 17th century when A Systematic Investigation on the Analects and Mencius by Song, Shi Yul a compilation of the Study on the Classics was being published. This interpretant towards the Study on the Classics continued to be so throughout the latter half (18th century) of the Yi Dynasty. Major research trends towards the Confucian Analects were classified into the following two: interpretations centering around Chu Note; interpretations relative to Chu Note. The trend reflects a ratio of 10 to 5, meaning that Chu Hsi centered tendencies prevailed in the study of the Analects of the Yi Dynasty after the 18th century as well. On the basis of the understanding of the absolute superiority of the line of Cheng Chu, however, some of the scholars who were oriented towards Chu Note noted the Diagram Interpretation or the relationship with other Classics and attempted to conduct research studies on the Analects. This is understood as an expression of will to identify the true meaning of the Analects, breaking away from its traditional note. The will clearly finds itself in the works of Jung, Yak Yong who built a realm of the study on the Classics in a new and different way, criticizing notes from Han and Song Dynasties. Yet, no tendency to deviate from Chu-Note was visible except in the case of Jung, Yak Yong and Shim, Dae Yoon. There is no denying that Chu Note was still influential until the until the outset of the 20th century, as shown in the publication of Detailed Interpretation on the Four Books and Its Note by Park, Moon Ho.
  • 2.

    Criticism of Dasan on Theory of Self Cultivation of Zhu Xi With focus on the Perspective of Buddhist

    Chung, Day-young | 2012, 29() | pp.41~66 | number of Cited : 2
    Zhu Xi(朱熹) called it Bonyǒnjisǒng(本然之性) which means a human being has Innate goodness. But Dasan claimed Bonyǒnjisǒng is originated from Yeoraejangsǒng(如來藏性) of Buddhist concept. He considered Han-yang kung fu(涵養工夫) is in collusion with Zen mediation (坐禪). Zhu Xi practiced a form of daily meditation called Quiet sitting(靜坐) similar to, but not the same as, Zen mediation. His meditation did not require the cessation of all thinking as in Buddhism. Although Zhu Xi criticized Buddhism as a heresy, Dasan considered thought of Zhu xi is also based on Buddhist conception. So he considered it can not solve the problems of Chosǒn(朝鮮). But there is a controversy about whether his thought is reasonable estimation or not.
  • 3.

    International Rhetoric and Pedagogy: Multicultural Perspectives

    Haksun Han | 2012, 29() | pp.67~90 | number of Cited : 0
    The purpose of this paper is to introduce a new concept, International Rhetoric(IR). I tried to draw its concept and definition from sociocultural and intercultural perspectives. I drew two main concepts featuring IR from the features of modernism and postmodernism. To set up a theoretical framework for its adaptation to pedagogy, constructivism and the sociocultural theory were studied. I also indicated how IR notions have been applied to the ESL settings and how they should be applied to Korean settings for the effective education in the future. Microscopically, I hope that this paper will shift the views of the people involved in English education and help to draw a wide range of understanding of the so called non elite students and problem makers at school as well as the children from multi ethnic families. And macroscopically, I hope that the IR concepts will help shift the views of policy makers and help their decision making to set the educational policies of Korea.
  • 4.

    Error Analysis for the Improvement of French Composition Teaching Method

    이중희 | 2012, 29() | pp.91~114 | number of Cited : 0
    The purpose of this paper is to find out more effective composition teaching method of in vestigating and analyzing the common errors by French composition learners. We selected the limited number of subject and controlled composition as the object and method for our survey. The survey results show various grammatical, structural, and idiomatic particularities, among others, by interlingual or intralingual interference. The important points are these: (1) French language learners even don't understand basic French structure. (2) They are very poor at the proper selection of vocabulary between a pair of lexical variant that makes a syntactic or semantic distinction. (3) There are also many errors by the difficulty of French itself: over-generalization, simplification, and escaping(=omission). (4) Many errors are due to the erroneous application of English rules to French. (5) The learners often do not consider French cultural aspects, which provokes the wrong perception of meaning. As a methodology to reduce errors in composition (above mentioned), the paper proposed a drill by various controlled composition methods: structural models, substitutional transformation by phrasal units, valency and linking structure of verbs and adjectives, French idiosyncrasies (for example: impersonal structures, mood, interferential structures with other languages, variant lexicons, idioms, etc.). In brief, the instructor has to present learners many structural phrases and examples, with enough explanation about each syntactic or semantic details including cultural aspects, not simple enumeration of language rules.
  • 5.

    The Literary media and Nakta of Masan during Korea war

    Han Jeong-ho | 2012, 29() | pp.115~136 | number of Cited : 5
    Korean Literature In the 1950s get accomplished on special historical context of the Korean War. So far, The literary study of war period has been made very often. However, literary argument during war on regional literary dimension, what is called, the study of refuge literature on the rear experience was inadequacy. The reason understanding on character of regional literature in place of refuge was that the real facts of Korean Literature during war was shone. The major refuge Masan together Pusan Dagu region in Korean War period created new literary surroundings following reorganization of literary circle. Masan during Korea war brought revitali zation of regional literature by diversification not only regional circle but also literary surroundings because of the influx of refuge literature. especially, Masan go ahead variety media activity with literary circle in refuge forming. what is called, gave an example with publication of many writer's work and coterie activity. The Writer approach on situation inquiring tradition and asset of Masan literature through various materials as a possible with positive works on refuge Masan literature during Korea war. In order to this facts, organization and activity the Masan branch of the national literary federation, Appearance and publication of literary media of activiting letters in Masan during Korea war, especially the special of Masan literature through character of literary coterie magazine Nakta(낙타) hard work to make clear. First of all, during Korea war, refuge circle of Masan went to meet the period of prosperity with a man of letters refuge activiting. Masan in refuge formed reorganization of literary circle and new literary surroundings. Medium activity, the publication of writer' work and literary coterie magazine with activity a man of letters told you so. On considerate particularity in Korea war, medium activity and the publication of writer' work forming in Masan region made valuable literature asset. The next, during Korea war, formation and unfolding of literary society of refuge Masan received in trust definitive portion with the Masan branch of the national literary federation of activity gathering as regional culture artists. In despite of seeing complete face of literary coterie magazine Nakta(낙타) in the Masan branch of the national literary federation, around the second, watched feeling distinctive quality. With this, could finish important matter and information in history of Masan literature during Korea war. In accordance with, This article kept particularly in meaning special feature of literature through advance and retreat process of letters and in reorganization of literary circle, topographic map forming in refuge Masan during Korea war. Through this article, we wished preparation steppingstone in understanding of culture tradition and asset of Masan in refuge Masan during Korea war.
  • 6.

    An empirical analysis of criteria to distinguish the left form the right

    Kim, DalHyo | 2012, 29() | pp.137~156 | number of Cited : 0
    The purpose of this study was to actually analyze criteria to distinguish the left from the right. To ccomplish this purpose, 500 teachers of elementary schools and secondary schools were sampled. And excepting 86 not good responsive questionnaires, 414 good responsive questionnaires were used finally. As a tool of investigation, questionnaires about characteristics of the left and the right were used. And as processing of data, factor analysis were used. The result of this study is as follow. The result of factors analysis were divided two kinds, the left and the right. And the characteristics of the left included innovation, equality, freedom, inclusion, and the characteristics of the right included tradition, inequality, authority, exclusion. These results meant that the construct validity extracted from theoretical literatures on the left and the right was explained empirically very well.
  • 7.

    The Effect of Marital Conflicts on Marital Satisfaction and Anger: Moderating Effects of Gratitude

    Hong, Gu-Hwa | 서영옥 | 2012, 29() | pp.157~176 | number of Cited : 17
    This study examined the effect of marital conflicts on marital satisfaction and anger and if gratitude moderated the effect of marital conflicts on marital satisfaction and anger. The participants of this study were 199 married men and women (113 males and 86 females, respectively) who resided in Daejeon and Okchon, Chungbuk. First, people who reported more marital conflicts reported less marital satisfaction and more anger. Secondly, people who perceived more gratitude reported more marital satisfaction and less anger. Thirdly, gratitude moderated the effect of marital conflicts on marital satisfaction. Finally, gratitude moderated the effect of marital conflicts on anger. These research findings suggests the importance of programs and counseling techniques to increase gratitude for couples in crisis of break ups.
  • 8.

    The Seventeenth century Mechanical Philosophy as an Issue of Global Environmental History with Emphasis on Baconian Debates

    Jong-Heup Lee | 2012, 29() | pp.177~196 | number of Cited : 2
    This essay examines the seventeenth-century European Mechanical Philosophy as an issue of Environmental History today, focused on recent Baconian debates which set off from Carolyn Merchant's work on the death of Nature in 1980. Merchant and her ecofeminist followers have repeatedly argued that Baconian experimentalism based on analogies with female Nature had been one of the fatal causes of Environmental Crisis today. Analysing a couple of debates on Bacon in 2006 and 2008, I try to reveal that Baconian Mechanical Philosophy was not the masculine and violent mechanization of female and passive Nature but the progressive (and never ending) mechanization of active, capricious and organic Nature.
  • 9.

    A study about the structure of the Korean quotation sentences in middle ages in the view of classical Chinese translation

    Liu, Chun-ping | 2012, 29() | pp.197~214 | number of Cited : 0
    This study is aimed at analyzing structure of the Korean quotation sentences in middle ages in the view of classical Chinese translation. The Korean quotation sentences in middle ages can be divided mainly into several forms: quotation Verb quoted sentence quotation Verb-[quoted sentence] , quoted sentence]-quotation Verb , ‘[quoted sentence 야 quotation Verb . In contrast to general Korean order, the quoted verb as sentence predicate appears in front of the quoted sentence at most. The original of the references at middle ages is classical Chinese translation, which Chinese predicate is in front of the sentence. The quotation Verb of the quoted sentence at middle ages as same as the Chinese is at the front of the sentence because it is influenced by the Chinese. At the same time, we have analyzed the identity of the verb in form of quotation Verb quoted sentence combined with gugyeol sentence. The which is concluded in the form of quotation Verb-[quoted sentence  is from gugyeol sentence compared with the classical Chinese, gugyeol sentence, and Korean annotation of the quoted sentence. The gugyeol sentence has many Chinese characteristics because the gugyeol sentence from Chinese is produced originally during translating the Chinese document.
  • 10.

    City Related Development Strategy for Rural Villages and Its Tasks in Korea

    Jong Duk Kim | 2012, 29() | pp.215~242 | number of Cited : 1
    This article was to review the projects afoot conducted by both the Korean government and the other groups so as to develop rural villages in Korea in terms of the population drain, malfunction, and the urgency of developing them. Based on the connection between farmers and urban people, this article suggested city related development strategy for rural villages through food. Farmers need food consumers for the sake of sustainable farming, urban people need farmers who supply food for their survival, and both farmers and urban people are members of food community. Highlighting these factors, this article indicated that the connection between farmers and urban people through safe and reliable food will bring about development of rural villages. This research revealed the three main benefits of development strategy: low costs in comparison with other development strategies; actual effect; benefits to both farmers and urban people. Finally, this article proposed several tasks with respect to the increased production of local food, the rising consumption of local food by urban people, and the extension of connection between farmers and urban people.
  • 11.

    Chekhov's Пари : A Radical Revision of Other Room Syndrome

    Sim Min-Ja | 2012, 29() | pp.243~266 | number of Cited : 1
    The goal of this paper in Pari text is to examine how Chekhov's predilection towards the phenomenon of spatial division, with its psychological and physical repercussions is repeatedly presented over the course of several stories, through the same unique dramatic scenario: a person inside of a room develops a cognizance of what is happening outside of his space and reacts. Other Room Syndrome cannot be seen as the product of a phrase or as a technique conforming to a certain generic mode or tonal style. Rather it is a dramatic structure employed to maximally emphasize a set of psycho-physical conditions experienced by the central character. Other Room of INTIMACY we may relate this to the world of the senses, sound, vision, touch,taste. Other Room OPPORTUNITY we may relate this to the world of doing things and becoming someone enlarging your ego, time regained space, space enlarged, identity reputation improved. And so this humanity, this concern with existence and space and proximity and communication and spirit does not merely have to do with the mechanics of psycho spatial suffering. Ultimately this concern is what comes through in all of Chekhov's literature. And so when I use my disguise diagnosis to talk about Chekhov's depiction of the human condition, I can not just be making analyses applicable to only the stories where someone is trapped in a room. Other Room Syndrome is not a syndrome at all, not some special situation where a specific set of circumstances lead to a strange of lack and disconnection and inaccessibility. Other Room Syndrome is not a syndrome, it is rather a false diagnosis created for easy categorization and convenient analysis. A diagnosis that tried to cover up a uniquitous and permanent condition: the condition of humanity. Without the syndrome we cease to be human, because the syndrome is a result of the human condition.
  • 12.

    The Effects of the MeFOT Creativity Development Training on Young Children's Creativity by the Type of Activity

    박영태 | Ha, Soo Yeun | 2012, 29() | pp.267~292 | number of Cited : 5
    The purpose of this study is to examine what effect picture book page breaking activity, movement activity and naming activity using MeFOT has on young children's creativity and difference in that activity according to those children's gender, For the purpose, 80 young children were sampled. The device used to measure those children's creativity is the Korean TTCT(Figure) B, an adaptation by Kim Young Chae(2002) of the Torrance Test Creativity Thinking (TTCT, revised in 1990) Findings of the study can be summarized as follows. First, picture book page breaking activity, movement activity and naming activity using MeFOT is effective in improving young children's creativity as a whole, but the difference of effects among for types activity is not significant. Second, only movement activity and naming activity using MeFOT is effective in improving young children's fluency and naming activity using MeFOT is effective in improving young children's elaboration.
  • 13.

    Multicultural Mothers' Language Skills, Language Characteristics and Children's Spontaneous utterance

    이정민 | Park, Hyewon | 배성봉 | 2012, 29() | pp.293~312 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Forty multicultural mothers' language skills, language characteristics and those of children's during 15 min. of free play were analyzed in terms of grammatical morphemes and MLU. The use of grammatical morphemes was low in multicultural mothers and the MLU of multicultural mothers was 3.53(.84) The MLU of children with multicultural mothers was 2.39(.79) which is low compared with that of Korean children. Mothers' language abilities and use of particle endings, suffix for a declinable word, suffix before endings was positively correlated with those of children's.
  • 14.

    The characteristics of tradition basis and performance of Masan Byeolsinje

    Seong Mi Rho | 2012, 29() | pp.313~339 | number of Cited : 0
    This paper is to make the characteristics of Masan Byeolsinje as one of the regional hub in South Korea clear. Masan Byeolsinje was formed on the basis of Jochang. It was an official sacrificial rites to seek for safe waterway and welfare of the residents through the smooth management of Jochang. The sacrificial rites of Jochang changed into the market system in the course of the abolition of Jochang and opening of Masan port. The presiding group shifted to civilian commission agents. The purpose of the market system was growth of the market, safety of waterway, a large catch of fish, etc. And the practical needs for protection of commercial area of fish market and unity of residents were also satisfied. The rite house for Masan Byeolsinje consisted into two houses, mountain rite house and fish wharf. In 1905 the rite house was integrated by installing the god house at lower house. The initial divinity was a complex body of star and general, but at present the general was excluded. Folks such as onborad music of kisaeng, Ogwangdae mask play and installation of Byeolsindae were performed. Sharmans, kisaengs and clowns were individually the main body of entertainment and simultaneously coexisted in the stage of Byeolsinje.