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2013, Vol.31, No.

  • 1.

    Comparative Study of Roles in Novels Featured by Collective Agriculture of China and North Korea - Focus on Two Long Novels of The New Spring of Shixiyi and Shinning-sun Sky -

    이호옥 | 2013, 31() | pp.5~34 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    As notable socialist countries and under the same system, China and North Korea have experienced many similar stages in their development of socialist system, owing to their regional particularity and commonality of thought background. Among these stages, collective agriculture is regarded as an enormous social change which focuses on rural areas because of its symbolic role in the process of Socialist Transformation in these two countries. While the collective agriculture appeared against level of productivity at that time and carried out the radicalism development ahead of that time, and ended in failure, it has approved the astray direction, policy and rout that were carried out in social practice. However, the social revolutions labeled like“collective agriculture" are prone to be currently forgotten by people and ignored gradually in the development of times. In fact, collective agriculture is of great significance in bettering peasants’ lifestyle and then help promoting great revolutions politically, economically and culturally in both countries. Specifically in the political level, collective agriculture is a necessary and unavoidable stage to realize the communism. In this essay, the author explores the differences and reasons about the collective agriculture implemented in the two countries through making a comparison of characters between the New Spring of Shixiyi written by Qian Shifeng and Shinning-sun Sky by Haoran. Personally, I reckon that this sort of comparative study is not only concerns the cultural research in the two countries, but also plays a positive role in social research at the same time. The novels featured by collective agriculture contain people’s senses under certain historical situations and, moreover, reflect the people’s inner world during enormous historical changes.
  • 2.

    The Treatise On Baek Seok's Translation Of Russian Literature - Focused On The Evaluation By The Academia of North Korea and South Korea -

    Daehwa Bae | 2013, 31() | pp.35~56 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract
    Baek Seok translated a lot of works during the days in North Korea, most of which were both Russian literature works and Soviet literature works. This is why studying on these translated works is of great importance to evaluate Baek Seok during the days in North Korea. Then this research tried to set up a prospect for the studying on his translated works, specially his translated poems. For this reason, this paper, first, reviewed the evaluation on Baek Seok's achievements by the academia of South Korea and inspected the evaluation by the academia of South Korea on Baek Seok's efforts in 1950s when he threw his energy to translate works. In addition, this paper reviewed the prevailing perception on translation itself. Through these series of research, this paper concluded that Baek Seok's translating efforts might be an alternative to the lack of professional translators and that his translated poems should be studied overall separated from their antecedent poems.
  • 3.

    Introductory High School English Writing Class for NEAT Preparation

    Hyung-sim Choi | SEUNG MI CHEON | 2013, 31() | pp.57~84 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to present an analysis of the English writing class taught to Korean high school students with low proficiency and address its educational implications. Even though the NEAT (National English Ability Test) has been introduced to integrate the 4 English skills - reading, writing, listening, and speaking - within English classes, there have been several barriers preventing this realization in Korean high schools. In general, Korean English teachers have expressed the burden of both creating practical content for unfamiliar speaking and writing classes, and providing evaluation that guarantees objectivity and reliability. Therefore, this study introduces a writing class model centered on task-based activities and standardized evaluations patterned after Internet-based testing. Authentic language use requires writing skills with an understanding of discourse structure. However, current writing instruction routinely has centered around sentence-level composition. To rectify this, the inclusion of teaching and testing discourse-based writing will be presented. In conclusion, several advancements will be introduced to improve writing classes in Korean high schools.
  • 4.

    Research on the Sacredness in Ritual-for-Rain Folktale

    Seong Mi Rho | 2013, 31() | pp.85~106 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    This research pays attention to the antagonistic phenomenon of polluting and recovering the divinity appeared in ritual actions for rain, and analyzes from a mythological standpoint. The ritual place for rain is the top of mountains, rocks, ponds, cities, caves etc. where is recognized as divinity. Polluting the divinity is that the subject group make the ritual place for rain dirty with the blood of animal against drought. Pollution is recognized by the Godhead and it is believed that the Godhead makes to rain in order to recover the polluted divinity. Recovering the divinity is to move the Godhead through digging the grave. The group seeks for the cause of drought from the pollution of the ritual place and digging grave is recognized as recovery of the polluted divinity. The individual desires to polluting the divinity are confronted with a collective desire to recover the divinity. The public interests is superior to the moral attitude for the corpse. The antagonistic actions in ritual-for-rain narrative gives the intense faith for rainfall effects. These reflect the suffering of the population due to drought. The description structure of ‘drought- polluting with blood’ or ‘rainfall-digging graves’ follows that of ‘death and rebirth’ in myth. The blood and corpse is the symbol of death, the actions of washing and digging is that of new birth. The ability of the Godhead is recovered by the new birth and a collective desire can be achieved through that. The collective action for rainfall is the reproduction of the mythical birth.
  • 5.

    Interpreting《Ogamdo's》<Poem first> of Leesang in the context of literary history

    Hung Nyun Kim | 2013, 31() | pp.107~130 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    There were many attempts to interpret《Ogamdo's》<Poem first> of Leesang. But any interpretation still does not seem to be proper. The reason must be, of course, because of the symbolism of <Poem first>. However it may be more attributable to the sloppy approaches to <Poem first>. This treatise analysed the syntactic structure of <Poem first> by priority, and achieved some noteworthy result. The different ways of interpretation were possible from the syntactic details of <Poem first> which was overlooked until now. The first interpretation was based on the intertextuality between Leesang’s <Poem first> and his other works. His pessimistic view of children in his other works seemed to be affected by Cocteau's《Les enfants terrible》. Due to the primary denotative interpretation of the symbolic poem <Poem first>, the secondary interpretation considered the context of <Poem first>’s emergence, reconstructed the semantics of <Poem first>, and interpreted the connatative meaning of <Poem first>. Consequently, the very meaningful sociological analysis was possible. Leesang was not only a bystander to his era. The most rewarding discovery of this treatise is the blood relation between <Poem first> and the French literary surrealism.
  • 6.

    A study on Comparison of ‘ap dwi’ and ‘wi arae’

    Son Pyeong-hyo | 2013, 31() | pp.131~158 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This paper has the purpose of the ‘ap, dwi’ and ‘wi, arae’ the form and meaning, complex-word formation, and to compare. To show they are confused in form historically, mainly phonological environment that integrates relevant. Compound formation, ‘ap, dwi’ is ‘wi, arae’ than production aspects. Compound nouns in speech is overwhelming. Ap/dwi-compound certain number of the compound-verb, but wi/ arae-compound may find it harder to see. And they all have syntacticcompound, because ‘ap, dwi’ and ‘wi, arae’ in the antecedent position. In the formation of compound words, ‘ap, dwi’ and ‘wi, arae’ show various aspects such as space, means and time, the abstract meaning.
  • 7.

    The Effects and Tasks of Educational Administration Democratization

    SeongYul Kim | 2013, 31() | pp.159~182 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract
    The present paper aimed at examining the effects of educational administration democratization and suggesting tasks for realization of educational administration democratization in Korea before Park’s Government. Local autonomy system of educational administration is a way of educational administration democratization at national and local level. It has contributed to expansion of citizens’ participation at educational administration by election of superintendent and local council member. School-based management is a way of educational administration democratization at school level. For school has more autonomy from national and local educational authorities than the past under school-based management system. To improve educational administration democratization we should perform some tasks in the future. Central government should transfer more control power on educational administration to the local authorities than the past. Parents and citizens must have their voices about educational administration at local level. School needs to go beyond control of national and local educational authorities for customized education to students. Teacher must balance between duty and freedom and have balanced perspective on controversial issues.
  • 8.

    A Study on the Characteristics of ‘Good’ Instruction Which Elementary School Teachers consider in Lesson Planning

    koh chang-gyu | 2013, 31() | pp.183~213 | number of Cited : 20
    Abstract
    This article identifies elementary school teachers' perspectives about ‘good’ instruction found in lesson planning in order to explore the reason why there are differences between ‘good’ instruction outside classroom valuing student's inquiring process and actual instruction in classroom. The participants were seven elementary school teachers. Data were gathered through free description on points to be duly considered in lesson planning. The results showed that ‘good’ instructions considered by elementary school teachers were student-centered instruction valuing self-directed learning, cooperative learning, level learning, and creative learning, and process-centered instruction. If so, the reason why actual instructions were changed into result-centered instructions by teachers can be explained by teachers' optimized behaviors. In addition, This article tried to explain the above reason from the point of view that the difference between instructions outside and inside classroom was due to the failure that teachers could not concretize ‘good’ instruction planned by teachers in the actual instruction context of teacherstudents interaction.
  • 9.

    Unit Composition Analysis of Korean Culture Teaching Material

    박영미 | 2013, 31() | pp.215~233 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    This paper wishes to become help to find direction that culture textbook composition must go forward analyzing unit composition of Korean culture exclusive use textbook. This can speak as basic work for good culture textbook. For this, we analyze culture Korean textbook that become center in side that is unit composition , and we think that this paper can act role of step stone that can draw several appearances of Korean culture textbook concretely hereafter. Therefore, this paper have value as basic analysis work for birth of new and various culture exclusive use textbook that consider characteristics of realm.
  • 10.

    An Analysis of the Items and Examinees' Interests on the Second Test for Employing Secondary School English Teachers

    Eunyoung Park | 2013, 31() | pp.235~253 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to analyze the newly reformed English writing test for the Secondary School English Teachers' Employment Examination. To achieve this purpose, this study analyzed the questions of examination in terms of types of item, pedagogical content knowledge from school year 2009 to 2012. The result of this study is summarized as follows. First, there was a sudden change in the number of test items of the English Education section and English Linguistics section in 2012. Next, in terms of pedagogical content knowledge, there were concerns on the students but not on the knowledge of social context. Third, the tokens and sentence length of the tests are not consistent. The results of this study suggest that there should be the consistency so that the students do not be disturbed. In addition, the items on the knowledge of social context should be developed.
  • 11.

    A study on the way of gender discourse of the Korean novels in postwar period - focused on the gender ideology of modern subjects -

    Eunjung Kim | 2013, 31() | pp.255~280 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study considered the way of gender discourse of the Korean novels in postwar period, dividing those of male writers and female writers. I studied how the ‘sex’ of the female characters are treated in those novels, that is, the way of the gender ideology's operating on the female characters in postwar period. The way of gender discourse can be stereotyped, so the main female characters are classified into prostituted women and the women who express sexual desires of themselves. I considered the hierarchy and dualization of gender ideology from the attitudes of male writers and female writers treating these characters. I found out that even the female character being treated as 'woman of redemption' is completely ruled out by the modern male subjects, if she is a prostituted woman. And I confirmed the gender ideology of modern subjects through the fact that the novel of which the female character being evaluated as a subjective figure by female writers also ended tragically.
  • 12.

    A study on expression class through narrative curriculum

    윤은향 | Kim Jin Hee | 2013, 31() | pp.281~304 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This article was tried to explore the theoretical meaning of narrative curriculum and experiences of autobiograph research. For this I attempt to discuss how the meaning and performing of narrative has been represented through educational field. I collected data from my class material and used narrative method to interpret the data. Also, I try to look for self-reflection data and an essence of research methodology in every day lives. It implies that narrative curriculum as planed, organized, and performed through a particular theory has relatively high relation to the meaning of actual and practical integration. Teacher should be the way of a praxis in the middle of performing while narrative realities and everyday teachings, making meaning of them, and conceptualizing them. It is a narrative curriculum of emerging educational priority. Lastly, I attempt to make suggestion for future orientations to have to be progressing in narrative curriculum.
  • 13.

    A Study on the role of China traditional informal finance and characteristic - Focusing on the He-Hui which is private mutual assistance organization -

    Choi, Joon Hwan | 2013, 31() | pp.305~333 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract
    China’s financial business structure characteristic is a two-tiered financial system. A two-tiered system means that regular and irregular finance exists at the same time. Irregular finance refers to informal finance. The oldest and most important of China's informal finance organizations is He-Hui. The origin of He-Hui is reported to have started approximately during the Dang-Song dynasty. Its formation and process of development reflect China's moral system and values. Chinese traditional society was centered on agriculture. At the time, people thought kinship and acquaintances were very important, because they had a lot of geographical limitations. Therefore, reliance on these relationships, stable mutual assistance was formed. The financial organization that formed on the basis of these special circumstances is He-Hui. He-Hui has maintained its fundamental nature, but, with economic development and the course of time, its function has changed. The most important changes are that capital demand of living area has changed to capital demand of production, and that the main agent of participation has been become diversification. The scale of funding has also changed from smaller amounts to huge funds, and the rate of interest has changed to higher interest rates from lower interest rates as well. Especially in recent years, He-Hui has served a role in financing small business administration, and it has contributed to the development of China's economy.
  • 14.

    Birthplace of Exile Literature, Namhae Island - Around Kim Ku, Kim Man-jung and Loo Yei-yaong -

    Han Jeong-ho | 2013, 31() | pp.335~355 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    Exile literature meant to literary works made in a place of exile. That is to say, It were the works to figure as literature, the world of spirit that are faced by direct experience, emotional contents and exile situation of exile man at the Goryeo Joseon Dynasty period. Namhae Island became symbolic and representative region as repository of exile literature from exile man. That's, I thought that exile literature was one of historical cultural treasure in Namhae County. The writer was concerned about exile literature for years. So far, Individual study on Namhae exile man, so to speak, Author-work thesis seek for sometimes, but, I missed that was not made to overall view about Namhae exile literature. This paper took a good look to generally trade and value exile literature of Namhae Island. In fact, It was well known that the exile literature man of Namhae were kim Gu, Kim Man-Jung, Loo Yei-Yaong and Nam Kuman, in history of literature. For this fact, the writer was willing to call in question over property of exile literature around of them. and then, I would like to see regional image of Namhae Island and the poetic figuration about objection to the exile Chinese poem of them. Therefore, the writer examined the character of kim Ku 「Hwajeonbyeulkog(화전별곡)」, Kim Man-Jung 「Kuunmong(구운몽)」 and 「Sassinamjeongki(사씨남정기)」, Loo Yei-Yaong 「Namhaemoonkyeunlog(남해문견록)」. Through These, It proved to be the cradle of exile literature that Namhae Island was harmonized generally on poetry, novel and documentary literature. Meanwhile, An exile from exile of Namhae Island reserved a work of Chinese poem. However, the writer made certain again status and it's meaning the exile literature of Namhae Island by looking into Chinese poem of kim Gu, Kim Man Jung, Loo Yei Yaong, earlier mention. These exile are attracting their experience in works, attractions and scenery of Namhae Island. Of course, there was some left, literature vestige to the material of Namhae Island, from ancient to modern. Even if it were standpoint of passing literature, In any case, also, Namhae Island must be background of place. Like this, in the fettlers of history, even so, It was valuable result and boast that Namhae Island was exposed by the works of literary man. In fact, This paper was put to inconvenienced depth handle. looking generally tradition and valuation of exile literature of Namhae Island, I was put to inconvenienced in depth untanned about the work and individual writer. A study on the expansion of such author thesis, the form of exile literature and rhetoric expression left next subject. Together, In consider collection of works about an exile of Namhae, It was the remainder of assignment that life and thought of an exile, the world of literature depth studied on influence in effect of Namhae culture.