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2014, Vol.33, No.

  • 1.

    Do Non-Native Speakers of English Benefit from Acoustic Information on English Stress?

    Sunyoung Hong | 2014, 33() | pp.3~28 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    This study attempts to examine learning effects of expert-guided training on realizations of Englishstress. This study collected data from Korean English learners uttering ten English disyllabic words, and madea comparison between the Korean English learners and an American speaker with reference to the measurementsof vowel duration and F0. It compared two training methods: self-guided training using “listen-and-repeat”strategy vs. expert-guided training using explicit acoustic information. This study found that the Koreanspeakers made positive improvements in prosodic realizations through the two training methods and the expert-guided training offering specific acoustic information induced greater effectiveness. Therefore, it can beargued that they did benefit from the given acoustic information to correct their prosodic errors.
  • 2.

    A Study On Different Direction of Obstruent Voicing Assimilation

    Chung, Chin Wan | 2014, 33() | pp.29~46 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This study focuses on obstruent voicing assimilation and its two major directional differences inlanguages. We provide a constraint-based account of such obstruent voicing assimilation, which is differentfrom a rule-based analysis in that a rule-based account cannot provide a proper motivation of obstruent voicingassimilation and its two different directions of the process. On the other hand, a constraint-based account canprovide a natural explanation for obstruent voicing assimilation. This is because the assimilation process is triggeredby the Agree constraint, which requires the identical voice feature specification of two adjacent obstruentsin the output. The leftward assimilation is ascribed to the asymmetrical realization of an obstruent appearingin the different sub-syllabic positions such as onset and coda. Thus, ranking Ident-Onset (voice) over Ident-Coda (voice) can account for regressive assimilation. The opposite direction of assimilation such as progressiveassimilation is due to the following ranking: Ident-Root (voice) Ident-Affix(voice). The analysis provided inthis study is superior to any rule-based accounts since the former is substantially grounded in some asymmetricalphonological and morphological concepts.
  • 3.

    Questions on Yes/No-Question as an NPI-Licensor in Korean

    Kim,Ae-ryung | 2014, 33() | pp.47~65 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Negative polarity items (NPIs) are observed in many languages, and they have been studied language-specifically and/or cross-linguistically. One of the topics regarding Korean NPIs is the range ofNPI-licensors. While yes/no-question is a legitimate licensor in English, it is not considered as one in Korean. An (2007) attempts to show that yes/no-question can license a new type of NPIs, amu(N)-rato ‘any(N)-even’,in Korean. This paper is concerned with reexamining amu(N)-rato and yes/no-question to see whetheramu(N)-rato is an NPI and yes/no-question can license Korean NPIs. Section 3 presents that amu(N)-rato canappear in affirmative and imperative sentences, which are not qualified for NPI-licensors. It cannot appear inan NPI-licensing environment, before-clause. Section 4 tests yes/no-question with various Korean NPIs, andfinds out that it can license an NPI kelehke ‘that much’, but cannot license the NPIs which are commonly dealtwith in the discussion of Korean NPIs such as amu(N)-to ‘any(N)-even’, NP-pakkey ‘NP-only’, han-CL-to‘one-CL-even’, and idiomatic minimizers like son-to kkattak hata ‘lift a finger’. It seems that yes/no-questionmight license an NPI, but its strength as NPI-licensor is very weak.
  • 4.

    Korean Nominal Morphology and Specificity: A Phase-based Approach

    Jongil Kwon | 2014, 33() | pp.67~85 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This paper explores the semantic nature of Korean bare NPs affixed by certain nominal markers suchas the topic –nun, the nominative –ga, the accusative –lul, and the null case -ø. It is quite clear that the specificityinterpretation of Korean bare NPs correlates with their nominal markers. I propose here that depending ontheir semantic strength, the nominal markers can be classified into three subtypes; namely, strong, weak, andweakest. The strong marker -nun, in particular, always triggers a specific reading of bare NPs while the weakestmarker -ø can never get a specific reading. The weak markers, -ga and –lul, can induce either a specific readingor a non-specific reading, according to the previous discourse context. On the other hand, I presents a phasebasedmultiple spellout approach to the specificity of bare NPs. Following Diesing’s (1992) MappingHypothesis, I assume that specific NPs are structurally higher than non-specific NPs. More specifically, I suggesthere that if a head of phase (e.g. C or little v) carries an uninterpretable strong feature (i.e. [-Spec]), everybare NP bearing a specificity feature should be internally merged to the edge of the phase, and hence it has aspecific reading. In contrast, bare NPs remaining in the spellout domain of a phase (e.g. TP or VP) must be interpretedas non-specific. That is, the spellout domain is an crucial semantic boundary between specific andnon-specific bare NPs.
  • 5.

    A Usage-based Study of the Polarity Sensitive Any in English

    Taeho Kim | 2014, 33() | pp.88~111 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study is concerned with the discussion of the polarity sensitive item any in English, particularlyits semantic and functional shift from count noun to non-count noun. In this study, we show, using COHAcorpus, that the polarity sensitive any appears more frequently in 2000s English corpus than in 1800s Englishcorpus. We also find that the polarity sensitive any may be licensed by overt negation, but it is also by a varietyof covert markers of negation, especially in 2000s English corpus. Both count and non-count nouns can appearas a complement of the polarity sensitive any in either corpus, but the polarity sensitive any is more likely to beused with non-count nouns, especially in 2000s English corpus. Finally, we discuss a variety of conditions on licensingpolarity sensitive any, based on previous accounts, and then we point out that such accounts reveal to beproblematic in several respects.
  • 6.

    Revolutionary Road to Everyday Writing Center

    Kim, Dae Joong | 2014, 33() | pp.113~132 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This paper explores the postmodern condition of writing center theory and praxis and its complicatedlysituated discourses to reveal the meaning of true collaboration in writing center practice by delving intoethico-ontological dimension hidden in it. This paper utilizes two personal narratives as exemplary cases withtheoretical scaffoldings such as imaginary-symbolic-Real schema, Emmanuel Levinas’ ethics and ontology,Ernesto Laclau’s idea of hegemonic articulation, etc. alongside various writing center theories, especially NancyGrimm’s postmodern writing center theory. First, the paper critically engage in debate on theory vs. praxis inwriting centers to conclude that theory is not separate from praxis. After elaborating on the author’s first narrativeand its polemics, this paper suggests ethico-ontological understanding of Ohterness in the postmodernwriting center using Levinas’ theories. Recounting the author’s second personal narrative, this paper also discloseshidden super-capitalistic logic in previous writing center discourse by examining the ontological meaningof L2 consultant in the U.S. academia. Finally, the paper envisions a radical democracy in writing centers by arguingfor hegemonic articulation and Foucualt’s idea of heterotopia in everyday writing center practice.
  • 7.

    The Restraints of Political Economy and Perverse Libido in Charles Dickens’s Hard Times

    KOO SEUNG BON | 2014, 33() | pp.133~148 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This essay purports to examine how Charles Dickens’s Hard Times depicts the unnatural and tragicrelationships between utilitarian political economy and the individuals who are affected by the economic principlein both the private sphere and the public one. Special attention must be paid to the adverse impact of thenovel’s character Thomas Gradgrind’s principle of utilitarian education on his children Louisa and Tom in thehousehold. Under the influence of her father’s dogmatic rules, Louisa develops her perverse libido toward herbrother Tom as a way of escaping from the restraints and repression imposed upon her, which can be explicatedby the Freudian theory of the pleasure principle and perversion. The Gradgrind-Louisa-Bounderby triangularmodel can elucidate the operation of sexual exchange of Louisa as an economic property negotiated betweenher father and the industrialist, which can be theoretically supported by Eve Sedgwick’s arguments about triangulartransactions between men. The tension between Stephen and Bounderby in the public realm also testifiesto the domination of the economic logics of self-help and self-interest over the working-class people, which canbe examined through the lens of the Foucauldian theory of governmentality. In contrast, Sissy Jupe’s adherenceto fancy and her affectionate sympathy for the few ignored by and alienated from the arithmetic calculation ofutilitarianism can serve as an antidote to the ideologies of male-centered political economy.
  • 8.

    The Effect of Online Text Reading Strategy and Motivation on Reading Proficiency: Korean University EFL Learners’ Case

    Youngsang Kim | 2014, 33() | pp.149~169 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This article explores the impact of motivation and metacognitive online reading strategies (MORS)on reading achievement. This research focused on the following: (i) the most activated motivational subfactorand most frequented MORS substrategy; (ii) predictability of readers’ performance from motivation andMORS subfactors; and (iii) mediating effects between motivation and reading achievement and between motivationand perceived language proficiency. Findings suggested that planning and monitoring strategies weremore frequented by the students than evaluation strategy, and that the students seemed not to make full use ofmetacognitive reading strategies in reading comprehension. No MORS subfactor was detected that functionsas a mediator.
  • 9.

    Teaching and Learning in a University English-mediated Course in Multicultural and Multilingual Settings

    Yun, Seongwon | 2014, 33() | pp.171~194 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study explores the experiences of a teacher and students in an English-mediated course, GlobalSociety and Language at a Korean university in multicultural and multilingual settings. The main participants arethe instructor and 25 students from various cultures who attended the course. The data collection is derivedfrom three different sources: the student needs survey, the teacher journal, and the students’ learning stories. Qualitative content analysis was used to interpret the data through which the themes and coding categoriesemerged in the analytic induction processes. The major findings indicate that despite big differences in Englishproficiency levels and needs of the students, the cultural diversity in the course enabled both the instructor andthe students to increase multicultural awareness and intercultural communicative competence through buildingrapport in the process of participating in various interactive classroom activities and thus to enhance contentknowledge. Several important issues are discussed to help us understand English as a lingua franca in a Koreanuniversity course.
  • 10.

    Critical Reflection on Extensive Reading through Collaborative Active Learning at College Level

    Hwang Junghee | Hyoshin Lee | 2014, 33() | pp.195~217 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    This study is based on the awareness that a useful reading program needs to be developed for universityEFL students who have limited exposure to English. For the program, we combine an extensive readingprogram with a collaborative active learning approach. The study aims to describe our implementation of theextensive program with Korean university EFL students and analyze its effects on language improvement. Based upon that, it attempts to suggest a model for extensive reading. For the research design, it employs qualitativemethod such as learning logs and interviews with students and teachers; and quantitative method includingpre- and post-reading tests. The study provides several significant results. First, it shows that the extensivereading program through collaborative active learning contributed to improving participants’ English competencein reading and writing. Second, it suggests that the roles of students and teachers be re-established forthe program to be utilized successfully with Korean EFL learners. Finally, a model of an extensive reading programusing collaborative active learning was suggested.
  • 11.

    A Pathway to Self-esteem: The Direct/Indirect Influence of Attachment to Mothers, Fathers, and Peers

    Kim Eunha | Tae Hoon Kim | 이은경 | 2014, 33() | pp.219~236 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The purpose of the present study was to investigate the direct effects of mother and father attachmenton self-esteem and their indirect influences on self-esteem through peer attachment among children. 262children in Grades 3 to 6 (130 males and 132 females) completed the Inventory of Parent and Peer AttachmentRevised (IPPA-R) and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES). The results of the study suggested that attachmentto mother predicted self-esteem directly and indirectly through peer attachment. Attachment to fatherhad no direct effect on self-esteem, while it had indirect effect on self-esteem through peer attachment. Implications for future research and limitations of the study are discussed.
  • 12.

    Liberal Fatalism: A Critical Assessment of Hayek’s Neoliberalism and His Critique of Constructivist Rationalism

    Joo-Hyoung Ji | 2014, 33() | pp.237~257 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this article is to debunk neoliberal imaginaries, particularly by critically assessing theeconomic thought of Friedrich A. Hayek, the most prominent figure of neoliberalism. For this purpose, thisarticle will first review Hayek’s neoliberal economic thought and his critique of central planning as a “fatalconceit.” Then it will counter-critique Hayek’s critique of constructive rationalism by arguing that his conceptionof knowledge, which is the basis of his critique, is too narrow and undersocialized. Since knowledge isintrinsically social and intersubjective, networking, local planning, government intervention, and rational adjustmentfor evolutionary process is not only possible but also necessary. Thus it will argue that Hayek’s liberalthought falls into another fatal conceit, that is, a kind of liberal fatalism that human rationalities can do littlebut follow the logic of market.