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2014, Vol.35, No.

  • 1.

    The Essence of the University and Humanities Direction Towards Development

    Hoyeon Cho | 2014, 35() | pp.5~31 | number of Cited : 1
    This essay examines the short history of universities and the essence of this high educational institution in order to propose the development direction of humanities. Throughout all the histories, the universities continued to maintain and respect the freedom from all kinds of authorities. The tradition of respect for the liberal arts has been well preserved in the humanities, which form the core in the subjects of the contemporary universities. Nowadays, the universities in Korea are faced with the restructuring, through which many universities were forced to close down or to reduce the number of their students. Even under the current situation, the humanities must not be abandoned in the universities, because they make the division between the universities and the trade schools. The restructuring of universities is bound together by the so called humanities crisis while the humanities boom took place in societies. After the humanities crisis began to be discussed, some proposed the solutions based on the tradition oflogics, while others suggested the solutions following the tradition of rhetoric. In principle, it must not be denied that the suggested solutions have their own validities. Moreover, it is considered that a high level of lecture concerning the humanities should be provided, which enables students to prepare well for the entry into society.
  • 2.

    A Study on Writing Method of Kim Ju yeong’s Novels: Focused on the Short Stories in 1970s

    양선미 | 2014, 35() | pp.33~52 | number of Cited : 2
    Kim Ju yeong creates the flat figures who think and act consistently from beginning to end in hisnovels. And the figures who are negative become down and out. The negative figures are completednot only by their thinking and activity but also by the narrator’s intervention. The active narratorintroduces the figures negatively from beginning, and the figures think and act in introduction to fit. That reveals the theme of his novel. Therefore, the figures work as the messengers of ideology. Moreover, Kim uses the contrast structure, such as time and space, city people and rural people,smart evil and flimsy evil and so on. Then with the active narrator and the flat figures, Kim places jealous looks and ridicule on one side but he gives piteous glance on other side. It is not the logic ofgood and evil but the confrontation of modernism and pre-modernism. Kim shows criticism ofmodernism after he prepares for the confrontation. Lastly, Kim uses a satire, reverse. He findslaughter as a satire and criticizes the ideology of violent times. A satire is largely completed byreverse. The rational citizen or the people with false consciousness cheat others for distinguishingtheirselves. This shallow cunning looks rational and successful outwardly. But it is easily weakened bythe figure who is generous to a fault and triggers laughter. Accordingly, the figures damage theirimages and become the targets of criticism and ridicule.
  • 3.

    The Historical Context of Ungcheon Porcelain Route and Its Public Recycling Strategy

    Jangkeun Yu | 2014, 35() | pp.53~94 | number of Cited : 0
    Recently, there has been a growing interest in the community’s history and heritage. It reflects thefact that the operation of history should not be limited exclusively to historians as an expert, but itsoperation should be associated with some effort to share with the general public. Under theseassumptions, this article is designed to review Ungcheon pottery related to heritage found in theeastern part of Jinhae, and investigate how Ungcheon pottery could be utilized as public resourcefrom a historical perspective. Ungcheon porcelain routes have been said to be an important historicalheritage on the periphery of the Ungcheon region. Historical facts and meanings relevant to theregion need to be employed as a historical and cultural resource of the community through a varietyof methods that cover them. This way, regional history will work by the locals and serves as a way toovercome the consciousness of the border man.
  • 4.

    Her Room Nineteen:A Feminist Understanding of ‘Room’

    Jeong, Mi ok | 2014, 35() | pp.95~113 | number of Cited : 2
    This article explores the ways to understand feminist English literature by the film based on thenovels. The extension of feminist thoughts is expected in light of intertextuality. The film (The Hours byDaldry) and the novels (Mrs. Dalloway by Woolf and The Hours by Cunningham) are deconstructed andincorporated in the intertextual relations. It is shown that Cunningham’s work evokes a widerunderstanding of Woolf and other women writers. Accordingly, the intertextual relations representWoolf’s feminist understanding and the continuity after Woolf’s times. The film addresses a varietyof feminist issues beyond Woolf and Cunningham. It helps students understand feminist discourses,practices and feminist literary history. In the educational arena, a keyword room nineteen ispresented as a space of feminist understanding (gender ideology, professions for women and ideology ofmothering, and etc.). The metaphor of her room would cast new light on the feminist subjects forstudents. The comprehension of literature through well made movies can enforce the understandingof literature. This is another example to enlarge students’ cultural experiences and show their variousresponses and positions surrounding room . The intertextuality can be applied in pedagogy ofliterature courses. Therefore, external extension of humanities is expected in the literature class.
  • 5.

    Sonnets Over Ages I:Self consciousness in English Sonnets from the Renaissance to the 18th Century

    Lee Miseon | 2014, 35() | pp.115~135 | number of Cited : 3
    This paper is to survey the birth and development of English sonnets from the Renaissance to the18th century in the light of the poets’ self consciousness. Sonnets, which displayed the characteristicsof literary humanism in the Renaissance period, developed from Francesco Petrarch’s love poems into one of the major type of English poetry. Sonnets gave many English poets an opportunity to revealtheir self consciousness in the course of writing their sonnets, such as the English translators ofPetrarch s sonnets, Philip Sidney, Edmund Spenser, and William Shakespeare. Among them,Shakespeare tried to endow his sonnets with his poetic ideal, the immortality of poetry. In the 17thcentury, two major English poets, John Donne and John Milton, wrote down their experiencesduring the political and religious revolution, in which their introspective self consciousness grewstronger and stronger. The religious sonnets of Donne and some works Milton also the characteristicsof self consciousness as a poet. In spite of the limited and brief space of sonnets, most of the poetswillingly adopted the form to ask themselves what kind of poems they should or do want to write. That is why the outdated conventions of sonnets have a long life through the history of Englishpoetry.
  • 6.

    Impact of Organizational Culture, Job Stress and Burnout on Turnover Intention in Social Workers:The Case of North Jeolla Province

    Park kil-tae | Kim, Se Young | 2014, 35() | pp.137~158 | number of Cited : 20
    The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of the organizational culture, job stress and burnout of social workers on their turnover intention. The subjects in this study were 396 socialworkers in social welfare centers in North Jeolla Province, on whom a survey was conducted togather data. The findings of the study were as follows:First, hierarchy oriented organizationalculture had a direct positive impact on job stress and turnover intention, and exerted an indirectpositive influence on turnover intention through the medium of job stress and burnout as well. Second, innovation-oriented organizational culture exercised a direct negative influence on jobstress and burnout, and had an indirect negative impact on turnover intention through the mediumof job stress and burnout. Third, relation-oriented organizational culture affected job stress andturnover intention in a direct negative way and exerted an indirect negative influence on turnoverintention through the medium of job stress and burnout. Fourth, job stress positively impacted onturnover intention through the perfect medium of burnout. Finally, burnout had a direct positiveinfluence on turnover intention.
  • 7.

    Usage and Transmission of a Language of France, Maghrebin Arabic Dialect

    Eunryoung Lee | 2014, 35() | pp.159~183 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The labor migration crossing the international boundaries became a common phenomenon, but theimmigrants often do not have the language right in their resident countries. Nevertheless, languages,often considered as a symbol of the cultural identity, are transmitted to the children from theirparents generation for the communication. This study aims at investigating the status of immigrants’languages, marginalized in French society and the ways to minimize social conflict on the basis of theinter-culturality. The recognition about migrants was deteriorated due to the riots in Frenchmetropolitan banlieues occurred in the end of 1990’s and the mid-2000’s. In those circumstances, theMaghreb Arabic language, as a language of others, is the very criteria for the social differentiation. Maghreb Arabic, second language in the numbers of speakers, has been teaching in France for overthan 300 years. Nevertheless, the literal Arabic has come to occupy a point of superiority in thedichotomy between colloquial dialect and literal, standard Arabic. Standard Arabic extruded theregional dialect in the public education of France, but the need for the education of the colloquialdialect rather increased. In such a situation it is imperative to design a linguistic policy for theMaghreb dialects in France. This research is aware of the risk of the education emphasizing only theliteral Arabic since it may transmit a fictional cultural identity to the children of immigrants. Finally,we suggested the need for providing the language education in accordance with the learners’linguistic need and social function of the Maghreb Arabic.
  • 8.

    The Relations of Task Orientation and Semantic Memory to Reading Comprehension and Word Mathematical Problem Solving among Elementary School Children

    Hyojung Kim | Jeung-Ryeul Cho | 2014, 35() | pp.185~205 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to examine the relations of task orientation, semantic memory(vocabulary, morphological awareness), and reading related variables (amount of reading, reading motivation,reading environment of home, literacy activity at home, and private tutoring) to reading comprehension andword mathematical problem solving and to examine which variables would predict readingcomprehension and word mathematical problem solving among 109 first graders. Results showedthat, first, reading comprehension and mathematical problem solving skills were associated with taskorientation, vocabulary, and morphological awareness. Second, child s task orientation rated byparents, vocabulary and morphological awareness explained unique variance of reading comprehension. Third, children’s task orientation, morphological awareness, and fundamental calculation skillexplained word mathematical problem solving ability. The results suggest that task orientation andmorphological awareness contribute to reading comprehension and word mathematical problemsolving in Korean elementary school children.
  • 9.

    The Subjective Perception Types of the Elderly on Senior Sexuality

    황순정 | WonShik Shin | 2014, 35() | pp.207~234 | number of Cited : 4
    The purpose of this study is to identify the subjective perception types of the elderly on the seniorsexuality, categorize them, and suggest possible ways to improve senior sexuality perception. Aquestionnaire of 27 statements on senior sexuality was administered to 31 elderly, using Q methodologyfor data analysis. Through Q methodology, three types and features of their subjective perceptionabout senior sexuality were obtained:The three types are Highly receptive type, Evasive type,and Instinct seeking type. The results of this study have implications for social welfare practices asfollows. Firstly, the correct understanding and perception about senior sexuality training is necessary. Secondly, the elderly who have negative perceptions on senior sexuality need professional counseling. Thirdly, the elderly need to be given opportunities to mutual intimacy. Finally, the positiveacceptance about senior sexuality is necessary and the role of the media needs to be re-established.
  • 10.

    Baek Suk´s Organic Poetry and the Significance of Buddhistic Ecology

    Kim Ji Yeon | 2014, 35() | pp.235~256 | number of Cited : 0
    This study is about poetic works of Baek suk based on Buddhistic ecology. We could find his organictheory of poetry as follows. Firstly, relationships of organic community in Baek suk´s poetry basicallycomes from understanding of self-effacement and its reality. Ego, a dependent member ofcommunity, mutually interacts with each other as a relational self when it is aware of reality awayfrom a condescending attitude and desire. Secondly, in Baek suk´s poetry every single creature isequally valuable as a whole and they are active as a member of community as well. Therefore, it isnatural that the moral of respect and consideration develops in this community instead ofdiscrimination or a grade of rank. Finally, it is common that one easily identifies oneself with theother in Baek suk´s poetry. This identification leads to compassion toward the whole universe. Thisconcept of universal compassion realizes community ethics in his poetic works.
  • 11.

    A Study on Types of Translations of Trademarks Written in Korean Chinese into Chinese English

    KIM HYUN TAE | 2014, 35() | pp.257~277 | number of Cited : 0
    This study looked into types of translations in relation to how these trademarks written in Korean or Chinese would be translated into Chinese or English, respectively. The study proceeded with itsinvestigation targeting a total of 41 trademarks of South Korean cosmetics that have advanced intoChina and these other 129 trademarks of Chinese cosmetics as well. First of all, among the 41 SouthKorean cosmetics trademarks, 22 (53.7%) of them which was more than the half of the total turnedout to be phonetically translated. Next, eight (19.5%) of the total were observed to be literallytranslated while six (14.6%) of the South Korean cosmetics trademarks have been translatedsemantically. It was also found out that five (12.2%) of all those trademarks adopted two differenttranslation methods but there, the phonetic translation was dominant. In terms of the 129 Chinesecosmetics trademarks, 82 (63.5%), the absolute majority, of them appeared to be phoneticallytranslated. The study, then, confirmed that 32 (24.8%) of the total were semantically translated whilenine (7%) of all those trademarks were literally translated. Six (4.7%) of the Chinese cosmeticstrademarks were understood to be translated with this new integrated method of two differenttranslations but again, the phonetic translation was adopted as the main method. What is consideredunusual regarding translating the Chinese trademarks with the English phonetic translation methodis that the method has been much more detailed and segmentalized as the method would adoptChinese phonetic alphabets (Chinese Pinyin) as they are , use initials of Chinese phonetic alphabetsonly as well as pronunciations of dialects and Wade Giles system and lastly, works on thetransformed orthography of Chinese phonetic alphabets. However, what the study has learned therewas that when it comes to the South Korean cosmetics trademarks that are translated into Chinesephonetically, they are enjoying this preference for their being foreign made but not domestic-made,but in case of those Chinese cosmetics trademarks which are translated phonetically into English, itappears that they would not achieve such result. As far as the study understands, the latter has thatkind of difference because this Chinese phonetic alphabets are basically used to translate most of thetrademarks phonetically which would eventually bring about these bizarre shapes of Romanalphabets, and that would make it difficulty for foreigners to figure out what those translatedtrademarks would mean. In the light of that, the study believes that translating Chinese cosmeticstrademarks into English is not reaching anything but rather violating much of the informationfunction, the aesthetic function and the appeal function that a trademark would perform. The study,now, hopes that what has been discussed so far becomes a help not only to the South Korean cosmetics companies that are preparing to enter the Chinese market but also to these Chinese cosmeticscompanies that would target overseas markets when both companies try to translate their trademarks.
  • 12.

    Homo monstercus:The Monster in Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein

    Joo, Kee Wha | 2014, 35() | pp.279~299 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This essay analyzes the monster in Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein from the perspective of thehuman nonhuman network, which I propose to call Homo monstercus. In the 19th century Britishnovels, monsters functioned as metaphors of the Other, or as allegories of human nature. Thatexplains why psychology, feminism, psychoanalysis, and postcolonialism were introduced to explainthe nature of the monstrosity of the monster. While previous studies have focused on the mechanismof transforming Dr. Frankenstein s creature to a monster, in this paper I will reinterpret such processof transformation from the vantage point of contemporary philosophies of science, such as GilbertSimondon’s ‘theory of individuation , Gilles Deleuze s becoming , and Bruno Latour and MichelCallon s Actor Network Theory (ANT).