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pISSN : 2005-6222 / eISSN : 2713-7511

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2015, Vol.37, No.

  • 1.

    History of Hyangyak(鄕約 Village Code) in Miryang Dohobu(Town castle) District, Gyeongsang Province during the Period of Joseon Dynasty

    Yi Gwang woo | 2015, 37() | pp.5~30 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract
    Neo Confucianism during the Joseon Dynasty period served as the rationale or cause behind various social organizations and autonomous norms. In particular, Hyang'yak(Village Compact) that was practiced on the basis of Ilhyang under the leadership of provincial noble families and local government officials most clearly reveal the cause for autonomy. Ilhyang based Hyang'yak that was practiced in Miryang-Dohobu, Gyeongsangdo during the Joseon Dynasty period can be understood within this frame and can be largely classified into three stages. The first stage is the late 15th century where Jong-jik Kim, the head of Sarim Party, was engaging in various activities. He was directly and indirectly involved in village enlightenment projects such as restoration of Yuhangso and implementation of Hyangsarye and Hyangeumjurye(Confucian ceremonies and banquets) in Milyang. The second stage is around 17th century and an iconic Hyang'yak called Muja Hyang'yak was established in 1648. It is noticeable that this Hyang'yak contains stipulations regarding the extended coverage of governance that includes Hyangsadang (shrine) and Myeonri ogranizations. The third stage is 18th and 19th century when autonomic aspects of Hyang'yak were weakened. In response, provincial noble families of Milyang in the 18th century established Hyang'yak that granted Hyang'yak organizations the authority over human resources over Confucian school personnel and public officials in a bid to restore village governance order oriented toward noble families. Enactment of Hyang'yak in 19th century was led by local government officials who seemed to use it as a means of governance rather than of autonomy
  • 2.

    Community Education Elements Depicted in Novels

    양선미 | 2015, 37() | pp.31~48 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Today, college students promote self development without recognizing the importance of community. They are experiencing the destructiveness of personality. A fiction that draws the conflictual relationship with the basic aims of community life can be a tool used in raising students awareness on the importance of community life and seeking a community to have experiences with a true life. First, the fiction shows an organic community life seeking a holistic life. The organic community refers to a space with the totality of life. This space shows a fateful connection between myself and other. Second, the fiction shows the communication community of hetero geneous existences. Communication enables individual to recognize the difference between you and myself not together and seeks a confidentiality by a word, and , ultimately creating community among the different existences spontaneously. Third, the fiction shows being together by sharing the existence, which is the ultimate goal of community. Being together considers human finitude, death as a principle of community; however, death makes impossible unity of unshared people feasible. Students who read the fiction will create the above mentioned sympathy and realize the importance of community life.
  • 3.

    Slow Food Actions against Biodiversity Crisis

    Jong Duk Kim | 2015, 37() | pp.49~71 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    This paper examines the biodiversity crisis and presents Slow Food actions against the crisis. The principal reasons why we have to focus on Slow Food actions against the crisis are as follows: first, Slow Food pays much attention to sustainability and diversity; second, Slow Food runs the Slow Food Foundation for Biodiversity; third, Slow Food handles the crisis more systematically than any other international NGOs. This paper, in particular, investigates the actual conditions and causes of the worldwide reduction of biodiversity, and then discusses such negative effects of the reduction as the decline in food security and local seed source. In addition, this paper addresses a variety of actions currently conducted by Slow Food to keep biodiversity, including Ark of Taste, Presidia, Earth Market, African Garden and Slow Fish. In conclusion, this paper provides some remarks on the significance and limitation of the actions taken by Slow Food.
  • 4.

    Accomplishments and Tasks of Local Educational Autonomy System in Korea

    SeongYul Kim | Heung-ju Kim | 2015, 37() | pp.73~104 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    The purpose of this article was to identify some accomplishments under the current local educational autonomy system and to explore extended tasks to be completed for its future development. Local educational autonomy system was implemented under the following principles: decentralization and residential control; separation from general administration; and professional management. Analyses of the local education autonomy transition showed that there have been numerous changes and developments made in the local education autonomy(e.g., direct election of the superintendent and members of the education board, relaxation of the qualifications for a superintendent, and formation of Local Council of Educational Administration between educational local office and general local office). These changes have ramped up both local educational autonomy and efficiency of local educational administration. The present article also addressed several tasks to be resolved towards a sustainable development of the educational autonomy system.
  • 5.

    A Study on Anti Corruption Policy against Public Officials in the Era of Xi, Jin Ping

    lee ju hyoung | 2015, 37() | pp.105~129 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This study aims at analysing the corruption of public officials which is prevalent in China. Chinese economy has rapidly developed over more than 30 years since the Reform and Opening policy. It is, however, very difficult to confirm the possibility of maintaining a continued high growth in the future. The issue of corruption has become a major obstacle in the aspects of politics, society and economy from the initial stage of Reform and Opening policy to the present, and it will be the same even in the future. The most severe one among the corruptions in China is the corruption by the public officials. The reason for this is that the corruption by the public officials is to induce the corruption by the private sectors and the public officials are the major agents to carry out the policies for the conduct of state affairs. In this regard, this study examined the theoretical background of corruption by the public officials in China and the previous studies, and analysed the cause of corruption in terms of politics, social systems, institutions and culture. In addition, this study tried to seek the better improvement plan and the most efficient road that leads to the success of the anti corruption struggle through analysing the features and harmful consequences of corruption by the Chinese public officials.
  • 6.

    The Application of KLIWC and LIWC of the Language Analysis Program to the Humanities

    Kyungil Kim | Jeongsub Lim | Chang Hoan Lee | 2015, 37() | pp.131~145 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    This paper aims to introduce the psychological language analysis programs, Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count(LIWC) and Korean LIWC(KLIWC) into humanities research(e.g., history and literature). Given that humanity research focuses on language for conducting analysis and identifying findings, there may be diverse research topics to which the researchers can apply the language analysis programs. It is important to evaluate which research topic can be suitable for the application of the programs and how the application can make theoretical and practical contributions to the field of humanities. In this sense, this paper examines how literature researchers and history researchers can analyze language using the programs as a new method.
  • 7.

    A Study on Chosun and Its People in Goncharov’s Frigate Pallada: Emic and Etic Approaches

    Jung Eun Sang | 2015, 37() | pp.147~179 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This paper studies Chosun and its people observed and recorded by Goncharov while applying emic and etic approaches to Goncharov’s travel book Frigate Pallada . Due to the fact that our study is based on only Goncharov’s book, a dichotomous research method using both emic and etic approaches appears to be a little insufficient from the anthropological perspective. This implies that our study is restricted to only Goncharov’s and Chosun native people’s viewpoints. Fortunately, however, a great number of dialogues between Goncharov and foreigners were carried on in writing. In particular, direct conversations between Goncharov and Chosun native people were conducted by writing Chinese characters, which were translated into Russian by some translators. And then Goncharov reinterpreted the translated texts on the basis of his own background knowledge and standpoint about Chosun and its people. On the other hand, it is clear that native people who Goncharov met in Chosun themselves judged Goncharov and his Russian party from their emic viewpoint. In conclusion, while using emic and etic approaches, this paper discusses social customs and traditions of Chosun described in Goncharov’s travel book.
  • 8.

    A Study on Comparison of Advertising Regulation between Mainland China and Taiwan

    손상범 | 2015, 37() | pp.181~199 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    With the development of science and technology, the world is becoming smaller. The economy is developing, which would help the advertising market, especially when the Chinese advertising market has been growing, and has created a large number of opportunities. The advertising market in China was initiated in Shanghai back in 1930s, and it has a considerable development in Taiwan as well. The advertising market in Mainland China and Taiwan is completely different due to the politics, economy, society, technology, cultural characteristics, and so on. For example, the advertisement in Taiwan often reflects capitalistic economy, whereas after the reform and open market policy in 1979, the advertising industry then had a rapid achievement and growth in the Mainland China. Because they used to be one nation, there is an inevitably a close interaction between Taiwan and Mainland China; with this kind of relationship, the demand for direct cross strait exchanges has also increased. In fact, there are all different kinds of regulations and limitations in commercial advertisement. With the cross strait relationship now, much improved and strengthened economic and cultural exchanges of the advertising ability become important. Thus, this paper aims to compare the differences in advertising regulations between the Mainland China and Taiwan.
  • 9.

    A Critical Assessment of the Past and Present Lifelong Education Policies for the Future Policies

    Shin, Mee-Shik | 2015, 37() | pp.201~220 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The purpose of the study is, first of all, to examine the major policies of lifelong education of the past administrations ranging from the Kim Young-sam administration to the Lee Myung bak administration to identify what the main policies were, how they were formulated, and what problems they had. Second, the policies of the current Park Geun hye administration are explored in detail to find out what distinctive characteristics they had, how different they are from the previous ones, and to assess what problems they have. Third, based on the assessment of the lifelong education thus far, some suggestions are made for the future direction of lifelong education policies. The study concludes that the future policies should have consistency with the previous ones, reflect the voices of local governments, contribute to social growth, pay more attention to the minority groups, and respond to the diverse needs of the rapidly changing society.