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2015, Vol.38, No.

  • 1.

    Problems of the Volitional Evolution in the Transhumanistic Posthuman Project: With Focus on Nick Bostrom’s Works

    OH YONG DEUK | 2015, 38() | pp.5~29 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract
    In this article, I took a general view of the problems of the volitional evolution implicated in the transhumanistic posthuman project, and then examined some difficult points contained in it. That is to say, firstly I explained what is the transhumanistic posthuaman project (Ch. 2) and what are the problems of the volitional evolution contained in it (Ch. 3), focusing on Nick Bostroms works. And then I brought forward some problems which might be cropped in transhumanist s conception of the volitional evolution contained in the executive strategy of the posthuman project (Ch. 4). They are an immanent problem of human enhancement, a problem on environmental conditions of human enhancement, and a political problem. This study does not aim to discuss for or against the transhumanistic posthuman project, but to examine the meanings of the project from a variety of viewpoints. Because the posthuman will not only be aging, but also enjoy longevity and have physically and mentally enhanced functions, most ordinary men may think of the posthuman life as fascinating. But it is not plausible to concentrate our energies on the posthuman project because the posthuman life seems to be very fascinating. Therefore, we need to be more prudent, and must deliberate on and discuss it very seriously. From this study, I wish to arouse manifold discourses on the transhumanistic posthuman project.
  • 2.

    Narration, Description and Repetition in Rohinton Mistry’s Family Matters

    Sorensen, Eli Park | 2015, 38() | pp.31~51 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This article discusses Rohinton Mistry s third novel, Family Matters (2002), and the form of the novel. In the reception of Rohinton Mistry s novels, it has often been pointed out that his novels share a lot —formally as well as thematically—with the classic European novel form. In order to explore this connection, I return to Georg Lukács s theory on novelistic class consciousness. To Lukács, the genre of the novel is essentially an expression of the formation of a new class, the revolutionary bourgeoisie. After this revolutionary bourgeoisie has assumed a position of power and conservatism during the second half of the 19th century, the novel begins to change radically from a form that emphasizes narration to a form that emphasizes description. In Lukács’s view, description reifies and de historicizes the revolutionary potential of bourgeois subjectivity. Albeit in a different context, one similarly finds the notion of a bourgeois fall in The Wretched of the Earth (1961), in which Frantz Fanon develops a critique of the post-independent national middle class as a stagnant, powerless class. In my article I want to explore these ideas about a fallen bourgeoisie, postcolonial history and literary form in a reading of the class subjectivity Mistry articulates in Family Matters—a novel that, as the title indicates, engages with some of the classic bourgeois values within a specific historical context, the Parsi community in India during the 1990s. I argue that the novel revives—and thus repeats—the mode of narration characteristic of the revolutionary bourgeoisie during the first half of the 19th Century in an attempt to overcome the problem of fragmentation and the lack of historical sense.
  • 3.

    A Study on the Method of University Students’ Writing Instruction: Using Mind Maps and Discussions

    Choi Yun-Hee | 2015, 38() | pp.53~75 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract
    The purpose of this article is to investigate the effects of applying mind maps, combined with discussions and presentations in a university class. This study was conducted as part of an attempt to develop methods to instruct writing by providing an abundant amount of contents for students to improve their writing skills. Specifically integrating with mind maps and discussions, a writing instruction model prior to its construction was implemented by a writing class. The findings of the current research revealed that students’ writing ability improved in all categories, including the formation, organization, and articulation of contents. The mind map training for students had effects not only on enriching ideas, words, expressions, sentences, but fostering positive attitudes towards writing activities. Student writers tended to have difficulty planning their writing. Later, they found it easier to engage themselves in writing activities because they became accustomed to constructing the contents of writing, providing feedback on peers’ writing, and complementing one another through discussions in a cooperative way. In order to effectively deliver writing instructions in a classroom setting, instructors need to recognize the importance that their students are instructed in this method germane to writing process, and that they let student writers become fully aware of the benefits from utilizing writing strategies in writing tasks.
  • 4.

    An Issue of the One in the Ancient Korean Thoughts

    Hwang, Gyeong-Sun | 2015, 38() | pp.77~102 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This article is to clarify the issue of the one in the ancient Korean thoughts. Here, the one is what brings all things together to one. Above all, the meaning of the one is determined in the first paragraph of Chunbugyeong. The one is neither being nor non-being. Rather, it represents the entity to which both being and non-being simultaneously belong. The one is located at the center of this unification. This way we can define the one as Gi(氣). Gi is being and non-being at the same time, and as a center or core, it brings everything together into one thing. Gi can also be understood as the god whose essence lies in light. Finally, we prove the validity of these determinations through the meanings of the Korean word han (한).
  • 5.

    A Study on the Morphology and Semantics of the Chinese-Character Idioms in Vietnamese: Comparing with the Chinese Idioms

    LEE JEE SUN | 2015, 38() | pp.103~122 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Vietnam has been influenced by the Chinese culture for thousands of years due to the geographical proximity to the Chinese border. The most representative Chinese culture that came into Vietnam is the Chinese language and Chinese characters. Confucianism was introduced along with the Chinese characters. Vietnam had been controlled by China since 111 BC. Since then, the Chinese characters have been introduced and selected as the official characters in Vietnam. Even after its independence from China, the feudal dynasties of Vietnam encouraged Vietnamese people to learn Chinese characters and confucianism. This has made the Chinese characters widespread across the country. As a result, about 70% of the Vietnamese lexicons in the modern Vietnamese language have stemmed from the Chinese language. Particularly, the Chinese character idioms in modern Vietnamese have accounted for a large percentage of the Vietnamese words. It may be due to features of idioms for delivering means more effectively than the general vocabulary while having a simple form. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the morphology and semantics of the Chinese- character idioms in Vietnamese through the study on idioms with the same shapes and meanings, idioms with different shapes and the same meanings and idioms with identical shapes and different meanings in Vietnamese and Chinese. In order to conduct the research, firstly, this study examines the origins of the Chinese-character idioms in Vietnamese, synthesize the opinions of Vietnamese linguists on the Vietnamese idioms, and defines the Chinese character idioms in Vietnamese. In comparison with the Chinese idioms, finally, this study analyzes the morphology and semantics of the Chinese character idioms in Vietnamese.
  • 6.

    A Study on Types of Abbreviated Chinese Vogue Words Appeared Online

    KIM HYUN TAE | 2015, 38() | pp.123~142 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Since the internet and the smart devices were widespread, the world has extremely rapidly changed. According to a report of China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC) in December 2014, the Internet penetration rate in China is 47.9% with 649 million subscribers. This has made people tend to pursue smaller, faster and simpler things. This has also had substantial influence on the use of language and led to a rapid increase of abbreviations. The increased use of abbreviations is worthy of notice because not only this phenomenon means increase in mere vocabulary or temporary vogue words, but also abbreviating method offers a core tool of word formation that expands vocabulary. This article examined the types and characteristics of new abbreviated Chinese vogue words appeared online by classifying them into 'Abbreviations based on Chinese character,' 'Abbreviations based on Chinese phonetic alphabets(Chinese Pinyin)' and ‘Numerical abbreviations'. In addition, it examined the causes of frequent appearance and popularity of the abbreviations and a possible future tendency in both positive and negative aspects.