For a long time Ethnic Chinese have attracted attention as a representative diaspora which has been extremely successful economically. In particular, the Chinese community in Southeast Asia, in addition to sharing hometowns and dialects, maintains mutual protection and aid as an economic group. This is because ethnic Chinese originating from southern China have taken root in indigenous societies by forming a community around economic activities after emigration in order to find opportunities for employment and family succession for quite some time. The Chinatowns that have formed all over Southeast Asia are a good example.
In particular, Saigon (西貢), the largest city in Vietnam, was established and has developed from the formation of a Chinatown by Chinese emigrants, and can be considered the most representative example among the various Chinatowns. In addition to Saigon, Chinese emigrants who moved to Bienhoa (边和), Mytho (美湫), Hatien (河仙), etc., have also formed and developed Chinatowns, respectively. This, consequently, made a large contribution to the southward expansion of territory in Vietnam. Therefore, Chinese emigration to Vietnam and the formation of Chinatowns have had political as well as economic implications in the development of Vietnam. This study aims to examine the political and economic implications by looking into the process of emigration of Chinese to Vietnam, the formation of Chinatowns, and the development process of Chinatowns in Vietnamese cities. In order to carry out these research objectives, this study will take a narrative approach to comprehensively analyze relevant references and various materials published in Korea and Vietnam.