The purpose of the current study is to investigate acoustic manifestations of English stress uttered by Korean English learners and to discuss instructional methods to help to correct prosodic errors if any. This study employed a “listen-and-repeat” strategy using loanwords and their reiterant counterparts as well to test effectiveness of practice. The overall results exhibited positive effects of practice on using acoustic cues including duration, F0 and intensity of vowels. In addition, reiterant speech more explicitly showed the effectiveness of practice, and it can be said that Korean English learners benefitted from reiterant speech in that it exhibits acoustic correlates more clearly and thus helps L2 learners recognize the prosodic features and employ them.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the meanings of slow learners' daily life based on their viewpoints. Using the photovoice method, this study explored dreams of slow learners and analyzed the nature of the dreams. Through participatory action research, they were able to express themselves and selected topics of each session in the photovoice program. The photovoice program is a 4-week, 60-minute group session from January 7 to January 29, 2016. In the last session, a photovoice exhibition was held by study participants, parents, and stakeholders. During the sessions, group counseling was provided twice for the parents. This study found 5 main themes and 16 sub-themes. The slow learners have high frustration, low self-confidence, and unclear future. They are normal ordinary children, such as feeling loneness when mothers are not at home and enjoying video games. They are moving forward slowly with dreams of their own future. An essential and common dream of slow learners is to live happily with family members. Based on these results, practical and policy suggestions are discussed.
This study briefly reviews adaptive strategies of motor action when speed changes. Discussion of adaptive strategies is very important in that people need to adapt themselves in a consistently changing situation. A total of 5 strategies were reviewed: speed-accuracy tradeoffs, simplifying action, rhythm conversion, introduction of an additional coordinative unit, and qualitative change. It is a theoretically meaningful attempt in that findings from various tasks were incorporated into the perspective of adaptive strategies. In addition, it will be very informative in terms of designing customized learning and training programs.
This article presents all views put forward so far about the identity of the inventor of Hunminjeongeum and seeks to find an evidence-based answer to this question by examining each of these views. The debate as to who is the inventor of Hunminjeongeum arose from the intuitive doubt about the possibility of a King creating an elaborate writing system alone and the lacking records about the from the process of the creation of Hunminjeongeum from beginning to end in the Annals of the Joseon Dynasty. Seong Hyeon’s Yongjaechonghwa substantially contributed to the birth of the myths that Hunminjeongeum was invented by the collaboration of Munjong and Jiphyeonjeon scholars. Seong Hyeon influenced many scholars of his time and later the scholars of the School of Practical Learning. Writings that deny the sole inventorship of King Sejong without presenting reliable evidence cannot be accepted as reliable resources. There are a number of reliable historical documents that prove that King Sejong invented Hunminjeongeum alone. Denying the sole invention of Hunminjeongeum by King Sejong without presenting any evidence that can override the veracity of the historical resources of the official records and publications can be defined as the results of unscientific imagination.
The aim of this article is to examine the influence of the level of citizens’ usage of the G4C portal system on trust in central and local government agencies, as there is an ever-increasing belief that e-government service delivery through the civil petition service portal enhances the efficiency, transparency, and equity of public administration, and such enhancement leads to higher level of citizen satisfaction and compliance as well as greater trust in government. By analyzing the clickstream data collected from South Korean citizens, the relationship between e-government usage and trust in central and local government agencies was scrutinized. The results of the multi-regression analysis suggest that the citizens’ usage of the G4C portal has a catalytic effect on strengthening trust in government. That is, when more citizens experience the convenience of e-government, there is an overall increase of trust in government agencies, therefore, this study concludes that e-government is a powerful means to elevate citizens’ trust in government.