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2019, Vol.49, No.

  • 1.

    Ontology of simulacrum in Deleuze’s philosophy

    유윤영 | 2019, 49() | pp.5~28 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    In this paper I aim to study the meaning of Deleuze's critique of representation and Platonism in Deleuze's philosophy. In Deleuze's philosophy, critique of representation has two aspects: the overturning of Platonism and the affirmation of simulacrum. Platonism divides the Form, the copy, and the simulacrum into a hierarchical structure, because Platonism is the philosophy of absolute identity that reduces the differences into the system of identity. However, Deleuze says that the simulacrum has an ontological entity that can not be reduced to the original. For Deleuze, simulacrum is a condition that can overturn Platonism within it. This is because the simulacrum is a pure difference that can not be reduced to the original. Therefore affirming the simulacrum leads to a pure difference, that is a new thought. The pure difference in Deleuze's philosophy appears to be heterogeneous, which can not be reduced to identity. In this respect, the simulacrum raises the question of new thinking. Deleuze argues art as a simulacrum, not as an imitation of something. So art is a constant stream of creation that can not be assumed to be a privileged viewpoint or a center and can not be captured in the form of representation. The film <Vertigo> is linked to Platonism in a traditional point of view, but shows heterogeneous elements that can not be grasped in the form of representation.
  • 2.

    Otherness in Inclusive Societies: On Narratives of the Korean East Sea Rim Media for Others

    Seokhee Kim | 2019, 49() | pp.29~46 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The programs that feature others (or foreigners) in the media of the Korean East Sea Rim (South Korea, China, and Japan) commonly involve westerners as guests to view the portraits of the country newly drawn by their perspectives or to confirm the globalization of the society through their familiarization and understanding of the culture of the country. Such situation is also found in South Korea. In the case of South Korea, however, programs that feature married immigrant women from South-East Asia or North Korean defectors living in South Korea, who are social minorities, are being broadcast (e.g. Fierce Fight in Multicultural Families and Now, I’m Going to Meet You). This aspect of South Korea is different from those of the other countries. Such programs that show the inclusiveness of the Korean society, however, treat the married immigrant women or North Korean defectors as others in their own ways. Although the recent Korean East Sea Rim societies emphasize policies on inclusion and coexistence, sincere inclusion or coexistence cannot be achieved as long as others are being treated differently.
  • 3.

    Reasons and Types of Song Dynasty’s People naturalized as the Korea Dynasty

    JEONG ILGYO | 2019, 49() | pp.47~68 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    As activating the trade between the Song[宋] Dynasty and the Korea[高麗] Dynasty, some of the people who visited other country to trade stayed abroad for a long time without returning to their hometown. The two countries respectively made the policies and the laws for managing people who naturalized. Especially the government of Korea prescribed details on appointment, marriage, relief work and return and enforced the system. And the government of Song drafted the legislation on the naturalized people of Korean birth on the basis of the law against people from abroad[蠻夷法]. The appointment of the Song’s people were two ways. The most basic method was to pass the examinations for naturalization. And another method was to receive somebody’s recommendation. Under any circumstance, they had to have their own erudition and ability and be helpful to the Korean government for allowing the naturalization and the appointment. The competent people who have erudition and ability entered the Korean government and had the various government post. They might have played some important roles by diplomatic relations with the Song dynasty. And they might have been available to speak both Chinese and Korean languages. Based on this, they might have been a valuable part of the various areas such as political, economy, culture and so on.
  • 4.

    Factors Affecting Post-Traumatic Growth among Social Workers Intervened in Client Suicidal Behavior : Comparison by Social Welfare Institution

    Park Ro Sa | Choi Song Sik | 2019, 49() | pp.69~102 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    Among various types of traumatic events exposed to social workers, this research examines factors affecting post-traumatic growth of social workers who intervened in client suicidal behaviors. As the factors affecting post-traumatic growth, individual factor, family factor, and organizational factor to examine how these factors affect post-traumatic growth. The data were collected from social workers working in sectors of social welfare institution, mental health, and public social welfare in Busan. Statistical analysis was conducted based on the collected data. First, the social workers demonstrated frequently exposed to suicide related trauma risks and level of post-traumatic growth was lower than that of previous studies. Second, as a result of conducting a regression analysis of three sectors on social workers, ego-resiliency and supervision had a significantly positive impact on post-traumatic growth. Third, as a result of conducting a regression analysis between the social workers sectors, ego-resiliency had a significantly positive impact on post-traumatic growth in all three sectors. In terms of family cohesion, it had a significantly positive impact only in the mental health sector. Supervision had a significantly positive impact in the social welfare institution and public social welfare sections. Based on findings, we discussed the direction of intervention and practical implications for improving post-traumatic growth of social workers.
  • 5.

    The Concept of Self from the Views of Three Paradigms

    Kim Hyoeun | 2019, 49() | pp.103~124 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The purpose of this paper is to investigate how the concept of self is constructed through three representative models of cognitive scientific explanation: symbolism, connectionism, and recently proposed embodiment theory. The description of the self is very diverse not only in philosophy but also in cognitive science, and there is no consensus on how to approach the problem of self. The lack of consent means that the problem of self is a multi-dimensional problem that cannot be solved only by one level of explanation or theory. This study examines the empirical scientific studies that seem to have the implication that the self can be reduced or eliminated to the physical basis of the brain. On the other hand, This study examines the way in which information is represented in the recent explanatory model of cognitive science. Representation in the explanatory model of cognitive science is also important in dealing with the self, because it is used in contexts involving agents. In conclusion, the self-concept can be extended beyond the traditional self-basis such as the individuality of the body or the identity of the memory. In order to elucidate the self, it is necessary to go beyond the conscious side of the existing experiential scientific and philosophical analysis, Research is needed.
  • 6.

    A Spatial Consideration on Image of Women in Issue – Focusing on the novels of Chinese women writers at the turn of the 20th century

    KWON HYEJIN | 2019, 49() | pp.125~152 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This article seeks to extend the discussion in humanities regarding two important aspects of China in recent years: collectivism and isolationism. Deriving from the universal truth that humans are social animals, and assuming that space can be viewed as a social phenomenon, I argue that space is an indispensable condition for us to form diverse lives, define relationships and create society. In particular, I will discuss the subject of the marginalized homosexuality of women within the context of individual and collective themes, and reveal how this interrelated socio-political transformation affects them. I argue that recent Chinese independence movements and the resurgence of the traditional Chinese system can be better understood in a close correlation of the two themes. Therefore I seek to reexamine the collective consciousness of the Chinese society and the private consciousness of the oppressed women centered on the works about homosexuality by the 20th century female writers Lu Yin, Ling ShuHua, Lin Bai, and Chen Ran, who were the subjects of homosexual love from the period of upheavals in the 20th century. Just as the human culture has always tried to maintain a relationship with something that is invisible, its meaning can be revealed more specifically when it is reading relation to space as a social phenomenon.
  • 7.

    The Conceptual history of Individual in 1950s~1960s South Korea

    Yun Sang Hyun | 2019, 49() | pp.153~180 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    This article unravels the complex value hierarchies and relationship between the individual and the nation of the discourses in Sasangkyeo that has become the representative text of Korean liberalism after Korean War. In the early 1950s some discourses of “individual” concept in Sasangkyeo had a totalitarian element that was influenced by Statism of Japanese imperial universities in 1940s which Korean intellectuals had been educated. Another discourses lied in strong liberal heritage from Northwestern Christian nationalism in the colonial period. The latter sharply developed into a political liberal concept and existential one in the late 1950s. Also, in the 1960s, “individual” concepts showed a more fragmented pattern.