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pISSN : 2005-6222 / eISSN : 2713-7511

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2019, Vol.50, No.

  • 1.

    Study on the Ethnic Chinese Guild Hall in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

    Kim Hyunjae | KIM HYUN TAE | 2019, 50() | pp.5~25 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The overseas migration of Chinese people is long and the scope is vast. In particular, Chinese Diaspora, which is scattered around the world, has generally grown and operated in the country of residence, gathering their competences, increasing their viability, and gradually expanding their power to grow into the economic realities of the country. And furthermore, it has established a transnational national network, making it the real world economy today. The purpose of this study is to study the Ethnic Chinese organization as the Ethnic Chinese organization played a central role in the Chinese people's migration to other countries to survive as diaspora in the indigenous society as well as to develop the Ethnic Chinese society and develop into economic realities. Not only does the Vietnamese diaspora have a long history of migration, but they also have been living in Ho Chi Minh City and its surrounding areas, maintaining a vital life in the face of prolonged involvement with indigenous societies. This was because it had a great political and economic influence on Vietnam. Therefore, in this chapter, we review domestic prior studies on the organization, organization, etc., including the Ethnic Chinese guild halls of domestic and international Chinese diaspora, and in Chapter 3, we move from Ho Chi Minh City of China to Ho Chi Minh City including the process of formation and development of Ethnic Chinese community in Ho Chi Minh City. Look at history. Finally, the summary summarizes the roles and characteristics of Ho Chi Minh City Ethnic Chinese Guild Halls based on the contents discussed in each chapter, and examines the significance of Ho Chi Minh City Ethnic Chinese Guild Halls to Ho Chi Minh City and Chinese diaspora in Viet Nam.
  • 2.

    Why Have to Submit to Political Power? - Modern Foundations of Legitimation in the Theory of Social Contract

    Lee Gira | 2019, 50() | pp.27~49 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    “Why do we have to submit to political power?” is an old and long-asked question. Instead of questioning political hierarchy and the submission to it, the advocates of the social contract theory in the 17th and 18th century answered this question by designing ‘legitimate’ political order which could explain the submission based on ‘human rationality’. Accordingly, their theories inevitably includes modern principles that legitimize political power implicitly and explicitly. This study reframes the legitimation logics, put forth by modern thinkers of the social contract theory, such as Thomas Hobbes, John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, into 3 categories: security logic; logic of common benefits and voluntary consent;, logic of democratic engagement. Here, security logic and logic of common benefits and voluntary consent are shared by all three political thinkers, while logic of democratic engagement is proper to Rousseau. These legitimation logics suggested by these three thinkers still works as powerful legitimizing logics for political power today. Comprehensive understanding of modern legitimation logics in the theory of social contract would be the basis of perception when analyzing the mechanism of modern power and voluntary submission.
  • 3.

    A Study on Integration Plan between North and South Korean People through Xenophobia Idea

    Eom, Tae Wan | 2019, 50() | pp.51~74 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Many North Korean defectors are living isolated in a ghettoized area of South Korea. Their adaptation to South Korea based on the assimilation model is not only unsuccessful, but also does not receive equal treatment in contact with South Korean society or South Korean residents. The purpose of this study is to analyze the discriminative experience of North Korean defectors through the qualitative meta-analysis by applying the concept of xenophobia and to suggest a procedure of integrating North and South Koreans. As a result of qualitative meta-analysis, xenophobia related to North Korean defectors was categorized as ideological antipathy, traditional hostility, economic anger, discrimination, neglect and contempt, inferior existence, maladjustment or deviance. Based on these results, I proposed a plan to integrate social justice-human rights centered North and South Korean residents.
  • 4.

    A Study on the Creation of Public Value : Focused on the Urban Regeneration New Deal Project

    Eun Hye Ju | Kim, Seok Ho | 2019, 50() | pp.75~101 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    This study conducted a qualitative analysis of the contextual and structural aspects of urban regeneration This study considers the urban regeneration New Deal project as a pilot policy model for realizing and creating public value, and the implications of this project are derived as follows: The urban regeneration New Deal project has the characteristics of a pilot policy project for the creation of public value and the realization of deliberative democracy. In other words, the process of consideration ensures the legitimacy of the policy, which leads to the creation of public value. Thus, the biggest significance of the urban regeneration New Deal project lies in the realization of deliberative democracy and securing the legitimacy of policies through the actual participation of local residents. The performance evaluation of policies that involve a huge budget must be done. However, a multi-dimensional performance evaluation should be made to encompass not only the achievements of economic value creation, but also the various value aspects that were intended to be realized through urban regeneration projects, such as social, cultural and environmental values.
  • 5.

    The Effects of Reading Practice on Pausing of Korean English Learners’ Utterances

    Sunyoung Hong | 2019, 50() | pp.103~125 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study attempts to examine the effects of reading practice on speech rate and pause realization in the utterances produced by Korean English Learners. To answer this research question, this study used new materials which have never been exposed to the participants and were totally different from the materials used for reading practice. The results showed that speech rate and articulation rate of the post-practice utterances were faster than those of the pre-practice utterances. It implies that reading practice improved the participants’ fluency even in the new materials. The finding that pause frequency increased in post-practice utterances tells us that reading practice helped to enhance the power of delivery. The shortened average pause duration exhibited the improvement of fluency. From the perspective of pause location, pause duration occurring within the utterance was three times longer than pause duration occurring at the end of utterance, and the percentage of pause duration within the utterance was higher by 7% in Korean English learners than in English native speakers. The overall results of this study showed that reading practice has positive effects on the newly presented materials including the materials directly used for reading practice. This suggests that reading practice is a practical and effective strategy that Korean English learners can utilize to improve English pronunciation skills.
  • 6.

    Critical Review on the Labor Inducement Effect of Korean EITC’s

    Bae Hwa Sook | 2019, 50() | pp.127~154 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to critically examine goals and content of the EITC system, South Korea’s main form of work subsidy. By assessing the results of previous studies, it aims to analyse the impact of the system’s implementation. Additionally, this study presents improvements to the system to support the working poor and discusses issues to consider in the expansion of this social welfare policy. The first result of this study is that amongst policy objectives, the EITC’s effectiveness had a combination of both significantly positive and negative effects. This is a result of the divergence between the institution’s pursued goals and expectations regarding the impact of the targeted work incentive. Second, the EITC’s two objectives, income support and work incentives, are inconsistent with institutional operations and with policy objectives as they do not address the fundamental issues of working poverty. Finally, policy produced unintended consequences of reducing labor hours and weakening the employer’s social responsibility to pay adequate wages. Thus, this study concludes that supporting the working poor and incentivizing their labor does not depend on reforming EITC policy, but rather on reforming policies regarding, among others, unemployment income support, job training, job turnover support, and minimum wage; the function and role of EITC systems should be adjusted alongside the expansion of complementary policies.
  • 7.

    An better evaluation of men of national merit by using the methods of micro-history - Centered on the case of an ice dealer, HA Sangchil -

    Ick-Jin SEO | 2019, 50() | pp.155~177 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This paper is an outcome of the follow-up task supposed in the article “One day hotly experienced by an ice dealer: A micro-historical analysis on a participant in the 3·15 worthy uprising”(The Journal of Human Studies, 2018, no. 46). It tried to answer two questions concerning the motivations of participation of Sangchil HA and the reasons for his long silence. In 2011, Mr. HA made an application to the evaluation for man of national merit to fail for the reason of absence of objective evidences. This fact gave us an impetus to reexamine the existing evaluation methods for men of national merit. We found, the principle of‘objective evidences’has two adverse effects such as creation of ‘victims of good will’ and loss of opportunity to enhance historical reality. We propose complementary rules to resolve them through an active using micro-historical methods: inspection of story-telling consistency of the testimonies, falsification test, and examination of historic subsidiarity. We suggested also some elements able to make possible their smooth execution: complete abolition of human guarantees, double evaluation committees, face-to-face evaluation, limitation of rewards, etc. Finally, we tried to apply these three complementary rules to the case of Mr. HA. We find that his testmonies is not only consistent in story-telling and passes the falsification test, but also they have somes elements able to clarify some episodes and to suggest some undiscovered facts.