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pISSN : 2005-6222 / eISSN : 2713-7511

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 0.36
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2020, Vol.51, No.

  • 1.

    The role of popular religion in the Red Spears Movement in modern China, 1925-1942

    Chae, Jun Hyung | 2020, 51() | pp.3~37 | number of Cited : 0
    This paper examines how did the nationalists and the communist revolutionaries tried to transform local Chinese peasants into modern Chinese nation with the case of the Red Spears, a local self-defensive and religious society of Republican period. It demonstrates how did the various political powers in Chinese territory, including Japanese Imperial forces during the Sino-Japanese war, competing with each other to appeal to Chinese common population. By doing so, the paper explores several issues: how did Chinese peasants develop their local identities into national ones; what was the role of religious doctrines and secular features in the transformation. The paper argues that, regardless of religious beliefs, the secular regulations strongly influenced by Confucian teachings of the Red Spears also should be regarded as an important factor in the lives of the Red Spear Society’s members. It also deserves to note that local commoners’ engagement with the Red Spears resulted not just from their religious transformation, but also from their practical needs for using the Society’s doctrines and organization to resist government’s excessive extraction. It also demonstrates that there were little difference between the Chinese communists’ strategic approach to the Red Spears and that of other political powers, especially Japanese imperial forces, in mobilizing the peasant forces of the Red Spear Society. During the Sino-Japanese War. They both acknowledged the important role of hybrid religious belief of the Red Spears as a core factor in sustaining their solidarity. In utilizing the forces of the Red Spear Society, Japanese imperialist and Chinese communist policy makers tried to avoid provoking the Society with attacking their “superstitious” beliefs.
  • 2.

    A Resultative Adverbial Approach to Korean Resultative Constructions

    Jongil Kwon | 2020, 51() | pp.39~62 | number of Cited : 0
    This paper presents a resultative adverbial approach to Korean resultative constructions (i.e., the [AP-key] constructions) against the null subject analysis in which secondary resultative predicate is a small clause containing PRO. On the basis of the observation that they are morpho-syntactically and semantically distinguished from English resultatives, I propose that some of resultative constructions in Korean can be analyzed as a resultative adverb. The most remarkable semantic feature of a resultative adverb is its capability to employ a local semantic subject. That is, a resultative adverb can have an individual subject separated from the main verb. I argue in this paper that Korean resultative constructions as resultative adverbs must not include any aspectual markers (e.g., –eci). Also, I argue that Korean resultative adverbs can be treated as a Pseudo resultative. After all, Korean resultative constructions cannot be analyzed as a uniform semantic phenomenon.
  • 3.

    A Comparative Study on Korean and Chinese Gaming Terminology

    Zhiguo Wang | Chunying Wang | 2020, 51() | pp.63~76 | number of Cited : 0
    Korea and China share cultural commonalities, but at the same time they also have many differences in language use. Within the context of gaming culture, the two countries’ shared characteristics encompass an enjoyment of participation in the gaming community, while using different and distinct gaming terminology. This research first examines the terminology used in the gaming cultures of Korea and China, as well as the criteria for language creation and characteristics of terminology generation in the two countries. Finally, it analyzes the similarities and differences in Korean and Chinese gamers’ attitudes toward the common culture between the two countries.
  • 4.

    Towards work-holiday balance: dynamics of economic engagement of Korean working holiday makers in Australia

    Yong Moon, Jung | 2020, 51() | pp.77~94 | number of Cited : 0
    Australia has been the most popular destination for Koreans’ working holiday participation. Korean working holiday makers accounts for the third largest number in the total visa grants for working holiday makers in Australia. This study set out to unprecedentedly shed light on the relatively under-explored lifestyle of the young Koreans in the short-term migration context. Achievements and vulnerabilities were identified in terms of labour market activities, based on a survey with Korean working holiday residents in Australia. Strategic suggestions were drawn to guide them into balanced engagement between work and holiday.
  • 5.

    Socrates and Buddha’s Ultimate Pursuit of Enlightenment by Purifications

    choi jung-yoon | 2020, 51() | pp.95~114 | number of Cited : 0
    Socrates states that man knows well what ‘agathon’ and ‘arete’ are but because this knowing is based on ignorance, only through dialogue of these empty knowledge can ‘logos’ bring true understanding. This argument seeks the reason behind matter within ‘psyche’, the principle of life, through a prescribed language. Here, logic is inferred through the insight of logos and true knowing or ‘episteme’ of ‘agathon’ and ‘arete’ is achieved. Moreover, Socrates suggests logos as a therapy for a healthy soul as it enlightens oneself from ignorance to knowing, hence pursuing to take care of the soul. Buddha refutes any kind of absolutism or a divine creator and regards it as a product of a fabricated fiction. Only the truth, which is the ‘Paṭiccasamutpāda’, should be believed. Furthermore, the wisdom enlightened by Buddha is the essence of a clear mind which does not obsess or distinguish. The suffering of man does not come without reason. To eradicate this reason is to vanish suffering. As well, knowing this reason and eliminating suffering is being enlightened with wisdom.
  • 6.

    Conceptions of the Transition to Adulthood in Koreans, Asian-Australians and European-Australians

    Heather Winskel | Jeung-Ryeul Cho | 2020, 51() | pp.115~133 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Relatively little research has examined conceptions of the transition to adulthood in young people from Asian backgrounds. Korea is of particular interest as it has experienced rapid economic growth and social change. We compared perceptions of adulthood in relatively collectivist Koreans and Asian-Australians in comparison to more individualistic European-Australians. Participants were comprised of 188 Korean, 272 European-Australian and 118 Asian-Australian university students aged between eighteen and twenty- nine years. Young Koreans embraced criteria related to interdependence, norm compliance, and role transitions congruent with their traditional collectivist perspective. At the same time, they also embraced individualistic values as reflected in their endorsement of independence criteria. The Asian-Australians also highly rated criteria related to interdependence, role transitions and family capacities in comparison to the European-Australians but also embraced individualism to some extent, which could be due to the effects of acculturation and influences of the majority individualistic culture.