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pISSN : 2005-6222 / eISSN : 2713-7511

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 0.36
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2020, Vol.53, No.

  • 1.

    The judgment and Value of Experienced Persons in Mill's Utilitarianism

    Gwang-yeon Kim | 2020, 53() | pp.5~22 | number of Cited : 3
    Utilitarianism is a theory that uses the principles of utility and maximum happiness as a moral basis. The happiness pursued by utilitarians is not about personal good. They thought that the value of goodness pursued by the community was the best happiness. Utilitarianism values results rather than actors' motives. Thus, utilitarianism seemed to fall into excessive result-orientedism. J. S. Mill did not focus solely on the outcome of the actors. He carefully treated individual behavior. Mill knew that utilitarianism was biased to the outcome. Thus, he focused on the judgment and value of experienced people. Mill said that individuals should listen to educated individuals and their experiences. This paper points to the limitation that utilitarianism focuses only on the consequences of actors' actions. And this article will focus on finding the value of experience and its implications in Mill's utilitarianism.
  • 2.

    The allowable range of ‘subjetivity’ in Chinese socialism aesthetics - On the ‘subjectivity’ of Gao Ertai(高爾泰)’s aesthetics, and the criticism of his theory

    Lee SangHwa | 2020, 53() | pp.23~39 | number of Cited : 0
    Gao Ertai(高爾泰)'s basic aesthetic view was subjectivism. It is the opinion that beauty is formed by the standard of subjective beauty of human beings, not by the nature of objective objects. Gao Ertai's argument is mainly criticized for Cai Yi(蔡儀)'s mechanical materialism. Gao Ertai, however, is criticized by Chinese practical aestheticians such as Li Zehou(李澤厚) and Zhu Guangqien(朱光潛). They were criticisms based on the materialism of socialist China that the source of beauty cannot be seen only as a subject matter. However, practicing aestheticians also criticized Cai yi's mechanical materialism. It was criticized that the source of beauty cannot be seen only as a purely objective nature of things. Practical aestheticians distanced itself from pure objectivism, criticizing mechanical materialism. And Practical aesthetics also distanced itself from pure subjectivism, criticizing Gao Ertai's subjectivity. In the end, practice aesthetics were established based on subjective theory that beauty does not come from objective facts or characteristics. In addition, it was established based on an objective theory that beauty was not unrelated to objective facts. Practical aesthetics was such an established and special aesthetics.
  • 3.

    Direct and Indirect Effects of Delayed Copying Skills in Korean Children’s Hangul Reading and Writing

    Jeung-Ryeul Cho | 2020, 53() | pp.41~65 | number of Cited : 0
    This study investigated whether copying skills were related to beginning Hangul word reading and writing directly and/or indirectly by the mediation of meta-linguistic skills such as phonological and orthographic awareness. One hundred sixteen Korean children aged 4 and 5 years were tested on delayed copying of Korean Hangul Gulja (written syllable), pure copying of unfamiliar print of Vietnamese, nonverbal reasoning, syllable and phoneme awareness, and orthographic awareness. Multiple mediation analyses indicated that the associations of delayed copying of Hangul Gulja with word reading and writing were explained by the mediation of orthographic and syllable awareness after controlling for children’s age and nonverbal reasoning. The results suggest that delayed copying, which has recently been recognized as a major measure of orthographic working memory, contributes to Hangul word reading and writing directly and indirectly by the mediation of meta-linguistic skills among Korean children. Delayed copying under working memory loads could be used as an efficient training method for reading and writing Hangul.
  • 4.

    Educational reflection through the Xi(習) of Yanyuan(顔元) and 『zhuangzi(莊子)

    Kim Dug-Sam | lee kyung ja | 2020, 53() | pp.67~87 | number of Cited : 1
    What does the '習[xi]' of Yan-yuan demand from us in this era now? What is the true meaning of ‘習[xi]’ emphasized by Yan-yuan? This paper has conducted a search for these questions. To that end, we first looked at the '習' that Yan-yuan mentioned and its background. Yan-yuan then criticized the old-fashioned idea, recognizing the '習[xi]' mentioned in zhung zi, among his old-fashioned ideas. In the previous review of '習[xi]' and '習[xi]' as claimed by Yan-yuan. Wise man interpreted '習' in the essential sense of the meaning of the wordzhung zi, and explored the modern application. Ultimately, what Yan-yuan is trying to emphasize through this study is not the ‘習[xi]’ itself. It is to present the right direction and practice it in accordance with the situation. So we found out which of the following are the correct teachings of wise man.
  • 5.

    A study of “Going to East Gutchan” by Takiji Kobayashi

    HWANG Bongmo | 2020, 53() | pp.89~108 | number of Cited : 0
    In this article, I looked at "Going to East Gutchan" by Takiji Kobayashi, a representative author of Japanese proletarian literature. First, I examined the circumstances around Takiji in 1928. To Takiji in 1928 is an important year, and he advanced seriously as a Japanese proletarian literary writer this year. He recognizes what to do through theoretical studies in 1927. And in 1928, he starts specific practical activities based on the theory. And I investigated the relationship between the first election in Japan and "Going to East Gutchan". The first Japanese primary election was held on February 20, 1928. In this election, Takiji supports the election campaign for Kenzo Yamamoto who ran from the Labor Party. Takie's "Going to East Gutchan" is a work based on his general election experience. In this work, Takiji projects himself through the main character. Finally, I thought about the change of consciousness of <I>, who is the hero of this work. <I> can not come to the front because <I> work at a bank, and <I> help the inside work in the election office. While doing such things, <I> conflicts between purity and cowardice in the movement as an office worker. However, through the old man I met at the speech hall of East Gutchan, <I> recognizes that this movement is not only for young people and for large cities, but the movement have to do over several generations.
  • 6.

    Exploration on the relationship between cognitive reflection and higher level processe

    Tae Hoon Kim | 2020, 53() | pp.109~122 | number of Cited : 0
    The present study was aimed to introduce the Cognitive Reflection Test (CRT) which measures cognitive reflection and to investigate differences in reaction time for each type of answer, gender differences of CRT scores, and relationship with higher level processes. To solve CRTs, one has to suppress what intuitively comes to mind and find out a correct answer with more elaborate processing. Thus, the System 1 and System 2 should be flexibly used. Participants were given a CRT-long version and scales for a need for cognition, critical thinking, and belief in science. Expectedly, reaction time for intuitive wrong answer was shorter than that for non-intuitive correct answer. However, a gender difference of CRT scores was not observed. With regard to higher level processes, CRT scores was correlated with a need for cognition and critical thinking and negatively correlated with belief in science. Findings and applicability of CRT were discussed.
  • 7.

    The formation of Japanese migrant fishing villages in Tongyeong during the Japanese occupation period and the response of Korean fishermen

    Kim yeseul | 2020, 53() | pp.123~150 | number of Cited : 1
    This study examined the establishment of Japanese migrant fishing villages in Tongyeong during the Japanese colonial period and the formation of Okayama villages in Tongyeong in order to clarify the economic situation and relationship through ethnic fishing activities. In addition, in order to analyze the fishing industry by dividing it into the primary industry (fishing) and the secondary industry (fishing companies, manufacturing factories), we tried to secure each data to reveal the economy of each ethnic group. I tried to confirm what kind of stance, such as response or cooperation, was expressed in the activity. Through this study, (1) Okayama Village, which was built in Tongyeong-gun in 1908 under the leadership of Okayama Prefecture among the Japanese migrant fishing villages, was one of the best examples of 'Assistant Migrant Fishing Village' and confirmed that the fishing activities were carried out well. (2) The biggest cause of Japanese settlement in Tongyeong was the local environment with good fishing grounds and harbors. As a result, the proportion of fishery workers among various industries was high. However, when comparing the fishing industry with the fishing industry by ethnic group, the total number of Korean fishing workers was three times higher than that of Japanese workers, but the fishing industry also found that the fishing industry had only one-seven businesses and one-tenth of the capital. (3) As such, Koreans were inferior to migrant Japanese in fishing, economic status, and capital, but when the Hiroshima On-Mang Fishing Association, which consists of only Japanese, took up most of the fishing rights, they actively moved to hold fishermen's competitions and to protect their interests. In short, Tongyeong was one of the areas where group migration and settlement of Japanese people actively took place as it has a natural fishing port. Accordingly, most of the Japanese who migrated were engaged in fishing, and the Koreans were being pushed out of the primary and secondary industries. Nevertheless, it is noteworthy that the Tongyeong residents made an active move to keep their interests at a minimum in the unfair situation of the Japanese fishing associations taking over the fishing rights.
  • 8.

    The Effect of Feedback and Meta-cognition on Belief Bias in Logical Reasoning

    Nam Ye-eun | Lee Meung Jin | Lee, Yoonhyoung | 2020, 53() | pp.151~169 | number of Cited : 0
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect feedback types and meta-cognitive ability on syllogistic reasoning task. To do so, we examined whether the inference accuracy and the amount of the belief-bias were differently affected by positive and negative feedbacks. We also examined whether meta-cognitive ability mediates the effect of feedback types on reasoning. The participants were informed that they would receive incentives or penalties based on the accuracy of the syllogistic reasoning performances. As results, high meta-cognition group showed better inference accuracy and low belief-bias in both of positive and negative feedback conditions. Mid meta-cognition group showed increased belief-bias when they received positive feedbacks while low meta-cognition group showed increased belief-bias in negative feedback condition. The results of the current study suggest that meta-cognitive ability mediates the effect of the feedback types.
  • 9.

    A Study on Bangjujeon as the Novelization of the Three Bonds

    Park, Inhee | 2020, 53() | pp.171~192 | number of Cited : 0
    Bangjujeon is a Hangeul-manuscript classic novel that has not been widely known. In Bangjujeon, the male main character, Bangju, played a minor role. Therefore, this paper attempts to examine the work on the basis of the women who got engaged to Bangju. This will help us to identify what is handled in Bangjujeon and what distinguishes it from other novels. The examination shows that the center of Bangjujeon is four women who got engaged to Bangju. Through the four women's lives, the work shows that women fulfilled 'filial piety', 'chastity' and 'loyalty'. It is the novelization of the Three Bonds, the three codes of Confucian ethics. In respect of the novelization of the Three Bonds, Bangjujeon can be considered as a work functioning as a book for Confucian indoctrination. Bangjujeon is different from other books for Confucian indoctrination in the way that women who fulfilled the Three Bonds were rewarded and this interests female readers. Furthermore, Bangjujeon is different in that dealing with women of higher and lower classes helps all women to accept the work without aversion and realize the female characters' behaviors as a great example. It is important that these differences allow Bangjujeon to overcome the limitations and function as a book for Confucian indoctrination.
  • 10.

    Analysis of Evenki's Animism: Focusing on the View of the Human Soul

    Eom, Sooncheon | 2020, 53() | pp.193~221 | number of Cited : 2
    In the universal notion of the Evenki, human souls are three: the bird soul Omi, the shadow soul Hanjan, and the physical soul Bɛen. Omi transforms into Hanjan at the age of 1, so while alive, human souls are Hanjan and Bɛen. The human soul is Omi in the heavenly world (waiting for reincarnation) ⇒ Omi moves to the middle world for reincarnation ⇒ Omi passes through the chimney and arrives at the oven ⇒ Omi moves and settles in the womb ⇒ the physical soul, Bɛen, is born ⇒ after the age of 1, Omi transforms into Hanjan(the beginning of a real human life) ⇒ Hanjan transforms into Omi at the same time as death ⇒ moves to the heavenly world Omiruuk (waiting for reincarnation) ⇒ repeatedly moving to relay for reincarnation, he lives an immortal reincarnation life.