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2021, Vol.56, No.

  • 1.

    The Implication of Desire: The Difference between Sigmund Freud and Jacques Lacan

    Hwang Soon Hyang | 2021, 56() | pp.5~23 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This paper argues that the theories of desire of Freud and Lacan have the opposite implication and reveals a logical basis for this argument through comparative and analytical examination of Freud and Lacan's concept of desire. In fact, Lacan is known to many critics as a theorist who inherits Freud's theory because of his motto, "Back to Freud," and his theory has been understood in terms of extending Freud's theory. However, from the perspective of rigorous analysis based on various criteria, Freud and Lacan's theories of desire have completely different implication on this human desire, represented by the Oedipus complex. Freud considers the desire for incest, in other words, ‘libido’ or ‘wish’, to constitute the Unconscious as a suppressed impulse to form civilization. But for Lacan, desire is a much broader and more abstract concept than either libido or wish in Freud. Lacanian desire means subject’s desire to follow the desire of the Other in the symbolic order, that is to say, the law of a society which suppresses and bans subject’s impulse to maintain the symbolic order. And also Lacanian desire means the discourse and desires of those around us, through which we internalize and inflect our own desire. For Lacan, the subject is not simply determined by structure. To become a subject, one must take a position in relation to the desire of the Other. As such, the implication of Freudian desire is in complete contrast to that of Lacanian desire.
  • 2.

    The Excellence of Character and Phronesis in Aristotle

    Gwang-yeon Kim | 2021, 56() | pp.25~45 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Aristotle says that human character is already innate. He said that innate character alone cannot reach full character. If so, how can one be equipped with a perfect character? The excellence of character is not created by temporary or instantaneous change. The road to the excellence of character does not happen in an instant, but can be learned by living a restrained life through continuous habits or practical wisdom. He says that one swallow doesn't make summer. The excellence of character is possible when continuous effort is followed. Aristotle says that human should not remain at his innate character, and if we stop here, we will be at the stage of infancy where he do not have a moral character. He says that we must not remain by virtue of nature, but must move from natural excellence to character excellence. And he says that the ultimate goal we have to reach is intellectual excellence. To reach intellectual excellence, he says, we can reach it through practical wisdom. Aristotle also says that we need intellectual excellence in order to live together in community. In order for us to make the right decisions in the community and at the same time do the right things, we need “Phronesis(practical wisdom)” to make the individual nature work well. When a member of society is equipped with personal excellence and Phronesis, they will have outstanding moral character. Finally, Aristotle tells modern people about moral character. He says that we should not stay in our innate character but develop a moral character through continuous training. A society where members of a society with intellectual excellence are gathered will become more morally mature.
  • 3.

    A Study on Jung In-seop's Songs and Musical Songs

    Kim, Joung−Ho , Lee, Soon-Wook | 2021, 56() | pp.47~69 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The purpose of this article is to analyze the current situation of the creation of songs and the activities of Jeong In−seop’s Saikdonghoi(색동회) movement in Ulsan during the colonial period. The most important part of the media was that the agitation quickly settled into the modern genre. The children’s song, which was created and enjoyed by the previous oral tradition, began to be created and enjoyed through typed media such as newspapers and magazines in modern times. The popular distribution was also made by such media: children’s literature magazines’ readers’ comments or daily journals’ academic section, which led to the meeting with readers and gradually establishing their own status. At that time, readers’ desire for children’s songs was high enough to open ‘swaying’ independently in the case of children, and the genre of Dong−A Ilbo, which occupies the largest part of the curriculum, was children's songs. Therefore, this media plays the biggest role in popularizing agitation. In this realistic foundation of the time, professional children’s songs were born, and Jung In−seop, Seo Deok−chul, Oh Young−soo, and Shin−Go−song were born in Ulsan. It is very important to empirically track the literary history of ‘single’ about them.,In particular, Jung In−seop has been a member of the ‘Saikdonghoi(색동회)’ and ‘Nokyanghoi(녹양회)’ and has led the children's cultural movement by participating as a writer for children’s magazines. The songs of Jung Soon−chul's song of the sparrows include “Sparrow”, “Dream Noru”, “Elephant Nose”, “A Shrine Bird”, “Chimney”, “Autumn Na”, “New Year” and “Spring Song” and “Health Gymnastics” It shows the meaning of the lyrics naturally by utilizing the rhythm of the lyrics with musical melody.,This spread of children’s songs by Jung In−seop contributed to the children’s cultural movement, and his songs are still called in concerts, and their value is recognized artistically, which is of great significance in the history of music.
  • 4.

    A Comparative Study between the Oni of a Japanese folk tale and the dokkaebi of a Korean folk tale

    Kwanghyung Lee , Gumsuk kim | 2021, 56() | pp.71~95 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper is The purpose of this paper is to analyze the differences between the two texts by comparing the narrative structures of the Japanese folk tale "The Horse with a Stomachache" and the Korean folk tale "The Bull that Won Against a Dokkaebi". The epic structure of "The Horse with a Stomachache" is similar to that of "The Bull that Won Against a Dokkaebi" in that humans, animals and fantasy form a triangle. The differences between the two tales come from the fact that characters’ occupations, the types of animals and the shapes of fantasy are different. The packhorse driver of "The Horse with a Stomachache" accepts Oni's offer to give the horse 10 times the power if he hides it in the horse's stomach for a year and carries out the contract. After overcoming all the hardships and completing the contract, the horse and the packhorse driver are reborn as the world's best horse and porter thanks to Oni's power. The farmer of "The Bull that Won Against a Dokkaebi" goes to the market to sell his horse getting tired of hunger and happens to meet a dokkaebi on his way to the market. The dokkaebi threatens to eat the bull. So the farmer suggests to the dokkaebi that it should fight and defeat the bull. After having defeated the dokkaebi with its horns, the horse returns home and scolds the farmer who ran away first, and continues to live receiving the farmer’s hospitality in the same house. The analysis of the two tales according to the triangle of desire reveals the desire to achieve the rise of status by getting a outstanding ability in "The Horse with a Stomachache", and the desire to continue even a hard life by overcoming disasters humorously in “The Bull that Won Against a Dokkaebi".
  • 5.

    Review of the Activities of Goryeo official Hanyeong(韓永) in Yuan Empire

    Kwon Yong-Cheol | 2021, 56() | pp.97~117 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    In this paper, the record of the Goryeo official Leegok(李穀) and the record of the Yuan official Sutianjue(蘇天爵) were reviewed in detail on the activities of Hanyeong. Hanyeong, who was from Goryeo and had a unique history of serving as a kesig(怯薛) of the emperor after moving to the Yuan Empire with his father, is a good example of the relationship between Goryeo and Yuan Empire. It is also worth paying attention to the fact that he received higher post in government than Leegok and others who passed examination of Yuan Empire. Considering that the review of figures who played the role of kesig in the relationship between Goryeo and Yuan has so far tended to be centered on king of Goryeo, Hanyeong is certainly a person who needs a detailed analysis. However, the existing perception of Hanyeong still lacks. Errors are still being found in the contents of the Encyclopedia of Korean Culture and so on, and without any specific analysis of his activities, scholars accepted the record of the error and described it as if Hanyeong had served for Goryeo king in Yuan Empire and had received Goryeo’s office. However, as we have seen in this paper, Hanyeong was faithfully performing his duties as a bureaucrat of Yuan Empire, and there are no signs of active involvement in Goryeo’s politics in both in collection of works of Leegok and Sutianjue. Therefore, careful analysis needs to be attempted while closely comparing the various historical resources.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Characteristics of Stage Design and the Medium theatre of <Alt Heidelberg>

    kim nam-seok | 2021, 56() | pp.119~140 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    <Alt Heidelberg> is the 2nd regular performance of Towolhoe, and was performed at the Choseon Theater from September 22 to 24, 1923. This play commonly known as the movie <The Student Prince> to the general public, has a narrative structure in which the Crown Prince realizes the value of freedom and love while studying in Heidelberg. Towolhoe made the palace atmosphere in Act 1 stuffy and rigid in order to realize the prince's awakening on the stage, and this intention is fully revealed in the stage photos that are being delivered. Later, this play was re-enacted by Yeon Haknyeon, a participant in the second performance of the Towol Festival, as a performance by the Chuangangmudae theater company. f the remaining stage photos are referred to at this time, it can be confirmed that the second act, which is contrasted with the first act, emphasizes the vitality and freedom of the dormitory in Heidelberg. The two plays tried to show the direction and desire of this work through the second act, which is contrasted with the first act. Through this work, Towolhoe and Chungangmudae have expressed their common expression intention to present a model of a modern drama with completeness while gaining popularity with the public.
  • 7.

    Disaster Research, Database, and Maps in China

    Lee, SukHyun | 2021, 56() | pp.141~175 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Since modern times, disaster research has begun in earnest due to the impact and impact of disasters caused by earthquakes and floods. Researchers in China conducted research based on these materials, noting the vast history of disasters during the period of history. Through the collection and analysis of data, they carried out restoration of historical climates and the cleanup of seismic data. Climate change has been studied together as the causes of disasters such as floods, droughts, typhoons, and locust disasters, mainly in natural sciences such as geography. During the period of history, many natural disasters, such as weather changes, were mainly caused by natural disasters, so many natural scientific studies were conducted, and it was also an attempt to predict disasters through accumulation of data. Although there have been some ups and downs since the establishment of the People's Republic of China, collection of disaster data has been carried out continuously. In particular, since the end of the Cultural Revolution in the 80s, data organization, collection, and database construction have been actively developed around institutions, research institutes, and universities. The collection and theorem analysis of disaster data was carried out through various forms of promotion and support because of its unique practical value. For this reason, the organization of Chinese disaster data so far has shown a wide range of achievements by nationwide, regional, and disaster types. It is worth paying attention to the role of the Institute of Science, the Institute of Geology, the Institute of Geology, and the National Central Meteorological Administration, as the background of the systematic and continuous compilation of China's disaster records. They organically established cooperative relationships with universities and local research institutes in the organization of data, and they were able to maintain work such as data organization and analysis on the background of national institutions. In particular, it can be seen that each research institute and institution systematically disclose disaster data and information through its website, and that work on the organization, analysis, and implementation of data is also actively carried out at the digital level. In recent years, data has already been collected and organized, and data has been provided by each organization's website as a database. In addition, the compilation of disaster maps, such as the time-space distribution of disasters through data analysis, showed various achievements, and such achievements were well reflected in Chinese national maps. In addition, the Chinese Historical Information System, which collects, organizes, and analyzes 3,000-year infectious disease data and implements the distribution of time and space related to infectious diseases at each time, is a new space implementation work using GIS technology.
  • 8.

    A Study on the Characteristics of Types of Chinese Characters in Japan

    KWAKHYUNSUK | 2021, 56() | pp.177~192 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Japanese occupation in this paper the Japan spread deep in the East Asian cultural sphere of Chinese characters to define. Through analysis of the causes and types of Japanese Chinese characters, the scope of Japanese Chinese characters was set and the characteristics of Japanese Chinese characters were considered. In this book, the Japanese Chinese characters are Chinese characters that are independently made and used in Japan, using the sounds and meanings of Chinese characters. Looking at Japanese before the end of the Edo period, as Chinese vocabulary became proficient, it began to create independent Japanese Chinese characters using Chinese language to represent Japanese concepts or institutional objects that were not in China. Then, after the late Edo period, many Japanese Chinese characters were created, translating the concept of Western civilization into Chinese. The types of Japanese Chinese characters classified in this paper are as follows: ① Chinese characters and Chinese vocabulary used only in Japan;② When made in Chinese characters similar to the pronunciation of a language;③ Even if there is an example in the existing Chinese language, the Japanese newly put modern concepts into use;④When a new vocabulary is created by combining Chinese characters;⑤ Western vocabulary translated from Japan;⑥ Chinese characters in pure Japanese;⑦ Formation by affixation;⑧ Vocabulary used only in Japan.
  • 9.

    The Growth Paradigm in South Korea: Origins, Trajectories, Structures

    JOO-HYOUNG JI | 2021, 56() | pp.193~229 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This paper explores the origins, development and socio-economic structure of the growth paradigm in South Korea (hereafter Korea). For this purpose, it runs as follows. First, it examines how the growth paradigm was born and created with the development of capitalism. More concretely, it looks into how the concepts of ‘growth’ and ‘development’ are coined and sophisticated. Second, it examines the origins of the growth paradigm in Korea. In particular, it deals with how the concepts of ‘growth’ and ‘development’ are introduced and applied in Korea. Third, it shows how the growth paradigm was created and developed in Korea. In particular, it illustrates how the growth paradigm combined first with developmentalism and then with neoliberalism in order to understand the history of Korean growth paradigm. Finally, it examines the socio-economic basis as well as the uniqueness of the growth paradigm in Korea, thereby illuminating where its hegemony comes from.
  • 10.

    A Study on Represenation of Hollywood and Odyssey Discourse in Ocean film -Focusing on <Roaring Currents> and <Sea Fog>-

    JEUNG-HEE CHO | 2021, 56() | pp.231~257 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study is to analyze <Roaring Currents> and <Sea Fog>, which have the characteristics of Ocean films. And we look at the universality and the specificity together, focusing on the importance of the sea shown in these films. To do this, we first check the genre characteristics of Ocean films. It also confirms the format and contents of the Hollywood Ocean films. Hollywood marine films represent an odyssey-like mythical fantasy and an evolved narrative of the West, and formally represent a blockbuster. There are some similar forms and contents in Korean Ocean films. The sense of crisis of the sea shown in Korean Ocean films is connected with our present reality. The film makes us recognize the internal and external political realities, the situation of division between North and South Korea, and the unequal distribution of wealth. <Roaring Currents> led the group to victory in the crisis of the Imjin War with individual beliefs. This work contains nationalism based on the heroic myth of Yi Sun-sin. And <Sea Fog> chose the sea and sea fog as tools to express individual desires. The film emphasizes the restoration of humanity. The film emphasizes the attitude of humanity and reflection on human beings who have become selfish. In addition, they share past events, giving persuasiveness to the narrative's probabilities. It reveals the essence of a Ocean film by asking questions about the roles of community and individuals.