The types and acceptance aspects of 'friend' in sijo Focused on 『Korea Sijo Unabridged Dictionary』
We have elucidated the meanings examining the types of acceptance aspects as well as analyses of work and authors in relation to ‘friends’ in sijo. They are summarized as follows：First, we analyzed works in which ‘friends’ in sijo were employed as materials. For sijo whose materials are friends, it was found there are total 231 pieces with short sijo 196, and long sijo 35. In addition, authors with real names who employed friends as their materials are 74 people and their works are 147 pieces. For materials of friends accepted in sijo, many works were created in the late Chosun Dynasty. On the other hand, we could find out that for the base of writers who wrote sijo employing friends as their materials, literary people and poets are the main class. And we examined the types of friends in sijo：Characters have 8 items and total frequency was 146 times, animal types were 8 items with 28 times, plant types were 6 items with 7 times, nature types were 8 items with 21times, and others were 10 items with 10 times. The most designated friends among them were acquaintances, of course.
Second, we examined the acceptance aspects of friends in sijo. The first is ‘boundary between likelihood and life’ and we examined it subdividing into boundary between likelihood and honor and wealth, and luxury, and boundary of politicians. The next is entertainment of leisure and appreciation for the arts , and we examined entertainment through friends dividing them into appreciation for the arts, leisure and life in seclusion, and finally ‘filial piety and patriotic sentiment’are gratitude for monarchs and affection for parents, patriotic royalty and reign of peace as we confirmed the acceptance aspects in detail.
Lastly, we investigated the roles and meaning of friends employed in sijo and it was found that first,our ancestors’ recognition of friends was extending over a wide range, and that objects of friends in sijo effectively express poetic atmosphere as well as authors’ mentality, and that friends accepted in sijo show flexibility and solidity of developing content etc.