The emergence and development of ‘the Subaltern Writing’ is the most important change of Chinese poetry in the 21st century. Since the 1990s, there have been ‘Poems of migrant workers’. The mainstream poetry circle and the whole Chinese society are paying attention to this new creative trend. Since the 2000s, ‘the Subaltern Writing’, ‘the lower class literature’ has become the main discussion of Chinese literature. Therefore, ‘the Subaltern Writing’ has once again attracted the attention of critics and researchers. So far, ‘the Subaltern Writing’ has been regarded as ‘a literary phenomenon in the industrial age’. But ‘the Subaltern Writing’ has experienced more than ten years of change and development. So far, many writers have shown active creative activities, won a solid status and reputation as poets, and broken the limited theme scope of ‘migrant workers' poetry’. As for ‘the Subaltern Writing’, there have been many controversies about its ‘poetic art level’ and ‘future sustainability’. However, in the whole Chinese society, the attention to ‘the Subaltern Writing’ is still expanding. What kind of social consensus is this based on? Has Chinese poetry made significant achievements in ‘the Subaltern Writing’? In order to explore these views, this paper will explore the achievements and possibilities of ‘the Subaltern Writing’ through Zheng Xiaoqiong's poetry.