Since modern times, disaster research has begun in earnest due to the impact and impact of disasters caused by earthquakes and floods. Researchers in China conducted research based on these materials, noting the vast history of disasters during the period of history. Through the collection and analysis of data, they carried out restoration of historical climates and the cleanup of seismic data. Climate change has been studied together as the causes of disasters such as floods, droughts, typhoons, and locust disasters, mainly in natural sciences such as geography. During the period of history, many natural disasters, such as weather changes, were mainly caused by natural disasters, so many natural scientific studies were conducted, and it was also an attempt to predict disasters through accumulation of data.
Although there have been some ups and downs since the establishment of the People's Republic of China, collection of disaster data has been carried out continuously. In particular, since the end of the Cultural Revolution in the 80s, data organization, collection, and database construction have been actively developed around institutions, research institutes, and universities. The collection and theorem analysis of disaster data was carried out through various forms of promotion and support because of its unique practical value. For this reason, the organization of Chinese disaster data so far has shown a wide range of achievements by nationwide, regional, and disaster types. It is worth paying attention to the role of the Institute of Science, the Institute of Geology, the Institute of Geology, and the National Central Meteorological Administration, as the background of the systematic and continuous compilation of China's disaster records. They organically established cooperative relationships with universities and local research institutes in the organization of data, and they were able to maintain work such as data organization and analysis on the background of national institutions. In particular, it can be seen that each research institute and institution systematically disclose disaster data and information through its website, and that work on the organization, analysis, and implementation of data is also actively carried out at the digital level.
In recent years, data has already been collected and organized, and data has been provided by each organization's website as a database. In addition, the compilation of disaster maps, such as the time-space distribution of disasters through data analysis, showed various achievements, and such achievements were well reflected in Chinese national maps. In addition, the Chinese Historical Information System, which collects, organizes, and analyzes 3,000-year infectious disease data and implements the distribution of time and space related to infectious diseases at each time, is a new space implementation work using GIS technology.