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pISSN : 2233-6796 / eISSN : 2765-5296

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2019, Vol.10, No.1

  • 1.

    The Mediating Effect of the Interpersonal Flexibility on the Psychological Crisis of Trainee Soldiers

    Lee, Jung-won | Jungwha Lee | 2019, 10(1) | pp.1~11 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study is aimed at examining self-awareness and other-awareness as affective variables in crisis and interpersonal relationship of traince soldiers, bxised on the research showing that most of the crises among soldiers occur in the early stage of their military service because of the problems in relationship with others. For the aim, this study set a goal to examine the relation of psychological crisis of traince soldiers to self-awareness, other-awareness and interpersonal flexibility. The test of self-awareness, other-awareness, flexibility of relationships, and psychologial crisis were administered to 901 traince soldiers who were admitted to the Army Training Center, Results showed that the self-awareness and other awareness affected the interpersonal flexibility and the psychological crisis. Also, interpersonal flexibility confirmed the mediating effect between self-awareness and psychological crisis. These results suggest that the psychological crisis of trainee soldiers is related to interpersonal flexibility and that self-awareness and other-awareness may have a positive effect on increasing interpersonal flexibility. Finally, the limitations of this study and the points to consider for further studies were proposed
  • 2.

    The Effect of Discrimination on Depression among Foreign Spouses based on their Resident Areas : The Moderating Effects of Social

    Kim, HeeJoo | 2019, 10(1) | pp.13~28 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to examine the moderating effects of social support in the relationship between discrimination and depression among foreign spouses based on their resident areas, For the analysis, 14,432 sampled female foreign spouses from the 2015 National Survey of Multicultural Families were selected and hierarchical regression analysis was used. The results of this study showed that discrimination was positively related with depression while social support was negatively related with depression of female foreign spouses. Also, the moderating effect of social support was identified among foreign wives residing in rural areas, which means that it enhanced the negative effect of discrimination on depression. This study is significant to provide empirical evidence for developing and implementing social integration policies. For the implication of the study, the researcher suggested qualitative research of discrimination and health as a future study, and social policies and services promoting equal opportunities for foreign spouses,
  • 3.

    An Exploratory Study on Mental Health Research Recently Published in North Korean Medical Journal

    Yu, Shi-eun | 2019, 10(1) | pp.29~43 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to explore the research of mental health published in the medical journal in North Korea recently. To this end, among 11 types of North Korcan medical journals received in South Korea, [Preventive Medicine], [Pediatric/Gynecologyl and [Choseon Medical] were analyzed. The scope of this study was limited to the Kim Jong Un era, considering the mental health-related tasks at hand and inter-Korean exchanges and cooperation in the future. From 2011 to the second half of 2018, there were total of 28 papers on mental health-related subject, and 23 out of them were related to psychological counseling and psychological treatment (82.14%), which mainly included psychological diagnosis and treatment effects, and introduction of psychological health and treatment. The number of mental health publications per year was as followed; one in 2011 and 2012 cach, two in 2013 and 2014 cach, seven in 2015, four in 2016, seven in 2017 and four in 2018. According to an analysis of research methods related to mental health in the North Korean medical journal, they consisted of 14 expository studies (50%), 11 literature research (39.29%), two experimental studies (7.14%), and one statistical DB study (3,57%). Through these exploratory considerations, this study finally presented implications for mental health-related research in the North Korean medial journal and proposed plans for future cooperation in mental health exchanges between South and North Korea,
  • 4.

    A Preliminary Study for the Development of the Signature Strengths Inventory

    Kim Jiyoung | 2019, 10(1) | pp.45~63 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The Signature Strengths are the most essential character strengths for a person's identity and uniqueness. The identification and utilization of one's signature strengths can promote mental health. The Character Strengths Test (CST) which is widely used for measuring signature strengths has excessive numbers of item that it may be inefficient in some situations, such as when there is not enough time or when it needs to be conducted with other measures. The purpose of this study is to conduct a preliminary investigation for developing the Signature Strengths Inventory (SSI), which is more efficient in identifying one's signature strengths. Signature Strengths Inventory, Character Strengths Test, Satisfaction with Life Scale, and CES-D were administered to 705 adult learners who attended online colleges in Seoul. Results showed that skewness and kurtosis of 24 character strengths scales met normality, and the internal consistency was adequate. The correlation analysis of the SSI with the CST showed that all of correlation coefficients were statistically significant. The rank-order correlation of the SSI with the CST was 74 and the concordance rate of top five character strengths was 80%, which means four out of five were identical. All of 24 character strengths by SSI showed significantly positive correlations with satisfaction in life and almost all of them showed significantly negative correlations with depression. Finally limitations of this study and suggestions for further research were discussed.
  • 5.

    A Study of the Effect of Gender, Age, and Marriage Images on the Marriage Value

    Sunyoung Seo | KANG IN | 2019, 10(1) | pp.65~81 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study examines the effect of gender, age, and marriage images on the marriage value, For this study, the survey was conducted to 272 adults living in Korea from March 1 to June 15, 2019. The results of this study are as followed. First, in terms of the difference of marriage image and marriage value according to gender, it turned out that men were relatively more positive than women in marriage image. For the value of marriage, it was shown that men were significantly higher in the conservative-instrumental marriage value than women, and that women were significantly higher in the passive-exclusive marriage value. Second, there were no significant differences between marriage value and marriage images according to age, Third, looking in the influence of gender, age and marriage image on marriage values, it was found that marriage image has a statistically significant effect on stable-romantic marriage value which is a sub-domain of marriage value, and that gender, age and marriage image all showed a statistically significant effect on conservative-instrumental inarriage values. It also showed that marriage image has a statistically significant effect on the passive-exclusive marriage value.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Characteristics of Community Welfare Council in Korea through the Analysis of the Personality Development Process of Community Welfare Council in Japan

    Jeon, Woo Il | 2019, 10(1) | pp.83~97 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to suggest ways to establish the functions and roles of the Korean Council on Social Welfare by looking at the development process of the Community Welfare Council in Japan. To this end, this study analyzed how Japanese Social Welfare Council, the most active social welfare council in Japan, has developed its identity from the earliest days to the present. According to the analysis, it has developed the identity within the characteristics of the consultative model, athletic model, and business model, recently progressing to the combination of these three types. Compared to the case of Japan, there is confusion in Korea regarding the function and the role of social welfare council because it has been developed in top-down management style without sufficient discussion about its identity. Accordingly, a new role is required in the Council for Social Welfare, that is, the establishment of a "local welfare community centered on solving local welfare problems. To carry out such function, the government will have to develop the nature of the "resource-linked social welfare council along with the three existing types of characteristics,
  • 7.

    Qualitative Study on the Experience of coming-out of University Students from North Korean Refugees

    SoYeun Cho | 2019, 10(1) | pp.99~114 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this research is to study the coming-out experience of North Korean refugees through qualitative research. The researcher met six participants who were university students from North Korean refugees settled in South Korea. The researcher interviewed them in-depth more than three to four times, analyzed the collected data and derived the key topics by using generic qualitative research methods. As results, there were three aspects of the coming-out experience of North Korean refugees: coming-in, outing and coming-out, These aspects were shown in very diverse and complicated forms by time, even for a single person, and sometimes were appeared several of them simultaneously at one time depending on the situation. The coming-out experience of the participants in this research was a coping and survival strategy for their lives in South Korea, Based on these results, the researcher revealed the social meaning of these experiences and made practical suggestions.