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2009, Vol.1, No.22

  • 1.

    Satisfaction with Life and Social Capital: Centered on the effect of Civic Participation, Trust and Social Resources

    이정규 | 2009, 1(22) | pp.5~40 | number of Cited : 47
    Abstract PDF
    This study investigates the relationship between the quality of life and social capital. Both have been among the most important subjects in the social science fields during the last 30 years. Previous research has found a strong correlation between the two. To date, empirical outcomes have shown that social capital exerted a positive impact upon employment, emotional stability, local autonomy and democracy, and solving social problems. These results confirmed the ability of social capital to act as a spur to a more satisfactory life and provide a higher quality of life. I have defined social capital as a combination of civic participation, trust, and social resource, and inserted them into the regression equation to analyze the relationship. As a control for this analysis, I also added equations of variables such as socio-economic status like income and education, health status like subjective judgment on physical health and psycho-somatic response, and other family-demographic factors like gender, age, marriage status, residential area, and parents' relationship during childhood. After controlling for the socio-economic status, health status, and family-demographic variables, social capital variables all had statistically significant effects on the subjective satisfaction with life. However, the levels of trust and civic (or public interest oriented) participation were lower than desired. These findings present two implications. First, the principal agents of community development should exert a more serious effort in supporting the growth of civic organizations. Education for civil society is the key option to achieve this. Second, to improve public trust, we need to foster a partnership between local governments and civic organizations. Generally, the development of western society is regarded as the process of replacing private trust by public trust and the decline of closed private networks.
  • 2.

    Contents Analysis on Expressing Principles of Justice in Lawmakers' Homepages for Cultivating Citizenship

    Yeonsoo Shim | 2009, 1(22) | pp.41~67 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study analyzed the political contents of lawmakers' homepages from the perspective of justice principles. I determined the frequency that three principles of justice appeared in the lawmakers' homepages through contents analysis of the lawmakers' homepages for cultivating citizenship. Lawmakers should contribute to advancing political culture in their homepage through two-way communication with citizens. In this paper, I analyzed the Lawmakers' homepages according to the equality oriented, average oriented, and concession oriented principles of justice. Most lawmakers are trying to communicate with citizens in terms of the average oriented principle of justice in their homepages. Because civil society needs much more concession virtue in order to advance the democratic political development, lawmakers need to focus more on communicating concession oriented principles of justice to citizens for cultivating citizenship.
  • 3.

    Citizenship Education for Value Realization of the Democracy - focused on Rationality and Morality -

    Oh Kwan-suk | 2009, 1(22) | pp.69~107 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    This paper studied the formality and substance of the citizenship education to realize the value of democracy in terms of the focus on rationality and morality. Focusing on a discussion is to study the orientation and ideas, the subject and object and educational goal that are concerned about the citizen's conscious of the community and nature's cultivation of democratic citizens. In the study results, citizenship education was related to and affected by the citizens' conscious of the community and nature's cultivation of democratic citizens. Citizens' conscious of the community initially had little effect on the rationality of decision making. Nature's cultivation of democratic citizens had little effect on the morality of citizenship education. The rationality of decision making builds a cultivation democratic process and the ability of the problem solving and the morality of citizenship education is to accomplish the right and duty in which is internalizing a dignity of human. As a result, citizens' cultivation of community includes the citizens' education to the rationality, which is based to focusing on the formality, and the morality of nature of democratic citizens is practicing education which is establishing the method of standards. In conclusion, citizenship education for value realization of the democracy is the ability of rational decision making in which is solving social problems, and is internalization which is realizing a human dignity for the value of morality. Citizenship education is recognized as a foundational element to realize the democratic values of rationality and morality.
  • 4.

    The Study on the New Recipient States Model and North Korea

    LeeChoWon | 2009, 1(22) | pp.109~152 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The events of September 11, 2001 taught us that fragile states, like Afghanistan, can pose as great a danger to our worldwide security as strong states. Poverty may not turn people intoterrorists, but poverty, weak institutions and corruption can make fragile states vulnerable to terrorist networks and cycle of mediocre. As result of that, nowadays the term of ‘fragile state’is more useful concept that it of ‘Least Developed Countries’ in world politics. Nowadays international official development assistance institutions such as, the World Bank Groups, OECD/DAC, UN, and Asian Development Bank are trying to recipient states with grants or confessional funds for development assistance. Nevertheless, such assistance targeted at national development is being hindered for various reasons. North Korea, has difficulties in accessing these grant funds due to problems in the provision of standards. Can North Korea has the status as fragile state which has been recognized as recipient state nowadays? This study compared various different models with the World Bank or OECD/DAC models. It focused on some difficult partnership states such as in North Korea, Myanmar and Zimbabwe. This model may enable the transfer of ODA funds to difficult partnership states by using the ODA tool. This thesis recommends that because North Korea is a sort of ‘difficult partnership states’, South Korea must not close thechannel for North Korea according to OECD/DAC tips. Maintaining channel can help North Korea not to slide into deadlock and system breakdown. And this thesis also recommends a new paradigm for helping North Korea. That is the way to utilize the Cooperative Mutual Fund for South and North Korea considering with ODA of OECD
  • 5.

    The Effects of Private Health Insurance Expenses on National Health System

    YongJae Lee | 2009, 1(22) | pp.153~182 | number of Cited : 13
    Abstract PDF
    This study analyzed the effects of private health insurance (PHI) expenses on the National Health System of OECD countries. The major results of the research are as follows. First, in the countries where the citizens have good health, the national health expenses are larger, but where the public health service system covers only a small population, the PHI expenses are small. Second, the countries with large PHI expenses show the good health condition of the citizens. Third, the countries with large PHI expenses are increasing their national health expenses. These results reveals that countries with large pressures on their public health expenses tend to raise their national health expenses and depend on PHI in order to control the public health expenses. If PHI was activated in Korea, the burdens on the citizens could be increased for increasing the national health expenses.Therefore, the implementation of PHI in the application of private insurance must proceed prudently.
  • 6.

    The Effect of Depression on the Quality of Life in Elderly with Disability

    김형수 | KIM, Yong-Seob | 2009, 1(22) | pp.183~215 | number of Cited : 38
    Abstract PDF
    This study aimed to reveal the politically contained meaning by analyzing the relationship between depression and quality of life, and the factors which affect the quality of life of elderly with disability in an actual proof manner. Purposive sampling was conducted with 430 elderly more than 65 years old with disability who lived in Jeollanam-do. For the study results, frequency analysis, technology statistical analysis, chi-square test, t-test, ANOVA, and hierarchical multiple regression using the SPSS 14.0 statistical package were conducted. The main study results were as follows. In the relationship with depression, the depression degree of the following groups were high: women elderly with disability, brain disease elderly with disability, elderly with disability by the separation of death, low study level elderly with disability, low economic level elderly with disability, and elderly with disability coming under basic living objects. In the quality of life, that of elderly with disability for more than 30 years, elderly with disability not coming under basic living objects, high economic level elderly with disability, and elderly with disability having hearing impairments were high. In addition, it appeared that a higher depression was correlated with a lower quality of life . Based upon the above study results, I suggest the following welfare-contained meanings in elderly with disability. Firstly, as the depression degree is high and quality of life is low in elderly with disability, special concern and consideration needs to be focused on elderly with disability. Secondly, as the quality of life of elderly with disability differs according to the type and level of disability, we need to reflect this difference in the practice of welfare service.
  • 7.

    A Study on the Influence of the Multi-Cultural Family in Korean Society

    김갑석 | 2009, 1(22) | pp.217~256 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract PDF
    Recently, the incidence of international marriage has been increasing in Korea. As multi-cultural families are also increasing and will continue to do so, Korea society has to prepare actively for a multi-cultural society from an ational point of view. Therefore, this study investigated the various factors via which the multi-cultural family influences Korea society, in order to prepare the correct policies. This study also analyzed the effect of these factor son Korea society:' the view of foreign immigrant's,' understanding the multi-cultural family','perceptions about taking recognition to be a Korean','view of homo geneous nation and a multinational nation','opinions about social conflicts', and 'perceptions about government policies'. The study results are as follows. First, the political category in the influence of the multi-cultural family in Korean society was affected by 'understanding the multi-cultural family', 'opinions about social conflicts', and 'perceptions about government policies'(p<.05). Second, the economical category was affected by 'views of foreign immigrants', 'understanding the multi-cultural family', 'opinions about social conflicts', and 'perceptions about government policies'(p<.05). Third, the social category was affected by 'understanding the multi-cultural family', 'perceptions about taking recognition to be a Korean', 'opinions about social conflicts', and 'perceptions about government policies'(p<.05). Fourth, the cultural category was affected by 'understanding the multi-cultural family', 'opinions about social conflicts', and 'perceptions about government policies'(p<.05).
  • 8.

    Course Survey Response Patterns and Course Satisfaction

    박혜숙 | 2009, 1(22) | pp.257~286 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study investigated student item responses reflected by the end-of-semester course evaluation surveys administered online at two different times. Two groups of respondents were identified: those who consistently chose the same option numbers were coded as 1, while those who did not choose the same option number consistently were coded as 0. By considering the finding that students’ response patterns were nested within a course (instructor), two-level, nonlinear, hierarchical models were constructed. The log-odds of a student choosing the same option number was obtained by incorporating both student characteristics (e.g., gender, course grade, year of enrollment) and course or instructor characteristics (e.g., science & engineering-related courses, instructor's tenure rank order). Male students and students who took natural science and engineering courses were more likely to choose the same option numbers compared to female students and non-natural science and engineering majors. Students with lower course grades were also more likely to choose the same option numbers than students with higher course grades, when controlling for the effects of other variables in the model. Methods to secure students' conscientious responses were also discussed.
  • 9.

    Teacher's discipline type and discipline effectiveness

    Kim, DalHyo | 2009, 1(22) | pp.287~313 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Discipline problems at school are very important not only in terms of students' life but also social function. Therefore, discipline needs to be investigated. The purpose of this study was to investigate secondary school teacher's discipline type and discipline effectiveness. The study sample comprised 843 secondary school students. The investigation tool consisted of questionnaires about the teacher's discipline type and discipline effectiveness made by Kim(2006). The data were analyzed by factor analysis, one-way ANOVA, and Scheffe-test. The study results are as follows. First, five types of secondary school teacher's discipline were identified: democratic type, compromiser type, supporter type, autocracy type, and noninterventionist type. Second, six components of discipline effectiveness were identified,: student's self-concept, human relationship, proactive behavior, learning attitude, classroom climates, and desisting of misbehavior. Third, in the relation between secondary school teacher's discipline type and discipline effectiveness, the democratic and supporter types were more effective than other three discipline types. The noninterventionist type was ineffective in all components of discipline effectiveness.
  • 10.

    The Relationships among the Inter-Parental, Parent-Adolescent Consistency of Communication Style and Adolescents' Deviant Behaviors

    김현주 | 손정희 | 2009, 1(22) | pp.315~342 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    This study investigated the relationships among the inter-parental, parent-adolescent consistency of communication style and adolescents' deviant behaviors. The study subjects were 217 adolescents and their 434 parents. The important study results are as follows.; First, there was a significant difference in adolescents' deviant behaviors according to the level of parent-adolescent communication. Second, the difference of the adolescents' deviant behaviors varied according to the inter-parental consistency of communication style.: the adolescents' deviant behaviors test scores were lowest when both their father and mother had open communication with their children. Third, there was a significant difference in adolescents' deviant behaviors according to the perceived parent-adolescent consistency of communication style.
  • 11.

    Youngnang’s Poetic Word ‘jeuda’

    Lee Dongseok | 2009, 1(22) | pp.343~365 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The poetic words ‘jeunbam’, and ‘jeunmam’ occur in Youngnang’s poem ‘jeya’. In these words, we guess that ‘jeun’ is a pre-noun form of the declinable word ‘jeuda’. However, the word ‘jeuda’ is not common, so its correct meaning is not well understood. Although many people have raised various interpretations of this word, they didn’t refer to the existing interpretations from others. So these interpretations have remained very fragmentary. To explain the meaning of a ‘jeuda’, I investigated the meaning of the Korean standard word ‘kyeoda’ and the dialect word ‘jeuda’. As a result, I found that the ‘jeuda’ as used in literary works is the same as the dialect word ‘jeuda’ and is related with the Korean standard word ‘kyeoda’. To summarize, ‘jeunbam’ means ‘a deep or late night’ and ‘jeunmam’ means ‘an uneasy or troubled mind’.
  • 12.

    'Renshengpai'`s Realism

    고혜경 | 2009, 1(22) | pp.367~396 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Realism writers (Renshengpai) are the most representative figure in modern Chinese literature. Wenxueyanjiuhui, founded in 1921, advocated Realism literature as well as the first modern-style Chinese novel, they also perfectly embodied the enlightenment idea of anti-feudalism. When they wrote, they used classical Chinese and Russian realism, such as 'Wenti Novel' and 'Wenti Drama'. Their continuous scholarly research strengthened the need for enlightenment through literature, which can be understood as an inward process of completion of the enlightenment anti-feudalism. Had they been allowed to devote themselves purely to scholarly research, he would have had far more distinguished achievements, in addition to their accomplishments in the field of the history of Chinese literature.