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2009, Vol.1, No.24

  • 1.

    Contemporary Opinion About Current Civil Society in China

    최정진 | 2009, 1(24) | pp.5~33 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This thesis examines the potential for the development of Chinese civil society through an analysis of conceptual discussions about civil society and the role, nature and characteristics of the middle class. Civil society in China can be understood in the context of the supervision and social control imposed by government. First, civil society provides a communication channel between government agencies and the communities' members. Second, government can control unorganized economic participants because civic groups bring them together. Third, social and economic communities are going to carry out some functions which government agencies normally take charge of. As a result, government can expect a cost-saving effect. Fourth, for their members, the communities can take a role of government agencies that seem not to be related to them. That is to say that civil society in China is evolving. However it justifies and supports the policies of political parties and government ideology. These two functions are emphasized. Following the Reform and Opening Up of China, one of the important changes was the growth of the middle class. This growth has brought differentiation as well as expansion of the middle class. Liquidity growth and differentiation of social strata operate as positive factors for development of civil society because they promote the pluralization and diversity of society. In today's China, the middle class is steadily increasing, intervention by government is declining, and the space in which this emerging middle class can be both active and effective is still evolving.. The development of Chinese civil society depends on how well this space is defined and used.
  • 2.

    Candidate Images and Voters’ Choice : Exploratory Research Using Conjoint Analysis

    YongSoon Kim | 2009, 1(24) | pp.35~67 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Images are the results of interactions between the message voters receive from candidates and their subjective interpretation of the message. The candidate’s political or electoral issues and other characteristics combine in the voting decision process. People do not judge the candidate because they ‘know’ and ‘perceive’ that he or she has ability and leadership, but because they ‘feel’ that he or she does. This research is focused on the images of the candidate held by voters. This study measures voters’ preferences as they relate to candidate’simages, especially his or her personal characteristics, and analyzes each utility of factors (variables), components, and partial utility of each factor by the conjoint analysis used in marketing. The results show that the most effective factor influencing voters’ preference was the candidate’s confidence, homogeneity-orientation and homogeneity-creed. Existing survey data that measures voters’preferences regarding the candidate were reproduced and used to classify candidate’s personal characteristics. Although thedata, factors, and levels are subject to qualification, it is meaningful to the methodological aspects of electoral and behavioral studies that this research applies the conjoint analysis experimentally.
  • 3.

    Needs Analysis about Learning the Korean Language for Chinese Students in Gwangju

    이관식 | 2009, 1(24) | pp.69~92 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract PDF
    The goal of this study is to analysis the degree of need for Chinese students to learn the Korean language for academic purposes in Gwangju. The study’s subjects were 502 Chinese students studying the Korean language at five universities located in Gwangju province. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire that included questions about the general characteristics and learning state of the Korean language from June 2 to 12, 2008. Data were analyzed using the SPSS/PC+ program. The results are summarized as follows: 1. The highest need of Korean language learners is "TOPIK." The subjects want to take a course on TOPIK (0.90). The subjects want to takea course through the school website (0.88) and join a study group to study the Korean language (0.82). 2. At the lower level of response, subjectswant to take a course on the Korean language because: it is needed to take a course in their major (0.13), the teachers are kind (0.18), and teachers encourage students in class (0.20). 3. The highest scores based on factors are for the factor of learners (0.62), factor of environment (0.53), factor of teaching-learning method (0.48), and factor of teachers (0.36). The results are useful as basic data to set up a plan for developing Korean language education at universities in local Korean cities. Further studies need to apply these results in various local cities for Korean language education for foreigners.
  • 4.

    Correlates of the Satisfaction of Chinese Students Studying in Korea

    박혜숙 | 2009, 1(24) | pp.93~118 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    This study explored various factors (i.e., gender, self-regulation strategies, parental emotional support, Koreans' attitudes toward other cultures, their perceived Korean language skills/competence, and their perceived stress level) that are assumed to be related to college students' satisfaction with life using path models. One hundred ninety Chinese students studyingin a local Korean university were surveyed on their college life. The analysis of the results of that survey showed that parental support and self-regulation had statistically significant high correlations with college life satisfaction. In addition, there were statistically significant four and three way interaction effects. The interaction effects of parental support, self-regulation, and Koreans' attitudes towards other cultures were positive. However, the interaction effect between students' perceived Korean language skill level and their evaluation of Koreans' attitudes toward other culture on satisfaction with life was negative. Self-regulation mediates the effects of Koreans' attitudes toward other cultures on college life satisfaction and it also mediates the effects of parental support on college life satisfaction. Since self-regulation and Koreans' attitudes toward other cultures were positively related to the students' satisfaction, by enhancing these factors via education, it is likely that the students' satisfaction with universities would be enhanced. Utilizing this information would benefit universities that want to recruit more Chinese students.
  • 5.

    The Categorization for the Prejudice of Citizens in the Local Autonomy

    Oh Kwan-suk | 2009, 1(24) | pp.119~155 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This study researched a affection for the dislike-like of language on which was effected the categorization of the prejudge and stereotype in three local residents(Chungchong․Homan․Kyungsang). This paper at first, was analyzed on survey in other to measure the degree of the dislike-like of language that local residents have concerned with each regions. Next, after it was measured the degree of dislike-like as a life partner of his children, comparatively analyzed the degree of discriminations in each regimes(Kim, Yuongsam and Kim, Daejuong's governments). As a result, local residents of Chungchong and Youngnam approbated the categorization about a affection for the dislike-like of language, but Homan did not. While residents of Youngnam which has the dislike-like for Honam is the highest level, Honam's residents in a little level was comparatively responded to other regions. The degree of contentment on his children parter was to prefer regions of themselves to others', then all residents of regions liked Seoul people. In the discriminations at each regimes, it was showed much more the differentiations that Honam residents was received treatment in the period of Kim, Youngsam' government, than the discrimination which Youngnam residents was received treatment in the period of Kim, Daejuong' government. It was a result to study that Chungchong' residents was received less treatment in Kim, Daejuong' government than in Kim, Youngsam'. The degree of which has dislike-like each local residents, in conclusion, come out more highly to Youngnam's residents than to the other residents, the degree of which has dislike-like showed more lowly to Honam's residents than to Chuongchong's. In the good feeling of his children parter's, each residents have the best effect of preferences to themselves, the other side don't have the effect of preference. In the degree recognition, it was results to study a comparative highly revel in Youngnam residents.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Liability with a Fault on a Contract

    SangChan Kim | 이충은 | 2009, 1(24) | pp.157~182 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Liability based on fault ina contract means to admit compensation for damages in the case of suffering losses to the other party as a result of the contracting party's faultduring the contract negotiation process between two parties. The civil law expressly stipulates liability based on fault in a contract by using section 535 of the law. Liability based on fault in a contract is the system used in German civil law, which, unlike our civil law, has the practical advantage of admitting liability based on fault in a contract with no general regulations about contractual obligations and tort liability. On the other hand, although the civil law doesn't have the practical advantage of admitting liability based on fault in a contract because of general regulations about contractual obligations and tort liability, it is criticized for accepting German civil law. Section 535 of the civil law was controversial concerning practical advantage at the time of enactment recently, questions were raised about admitting liability based on fault in a contract as a type of independent responsibility. Precedence and theory in Germany admit: ① liability based on fault in a contract in the run-up to the conclusion of a contract, ② liability based on fault in a contract in the case of a valid contract, ③ liability based on fault in a contract in the case of a void or cancelled contract. So, the civil law recognizes that German law has a problem aboutmaking a broad interpretation of these types of liability based on fault or applies them analogously. However, section 535 of the civil law solves these types of cases not as a principle of law but as a default on an obligation or a tort liability. Therefore, section 535 of the civil law should be deleted because the regulation is losing its reason to exist.