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2009, Vol.1, No.25

  • 1.

    Manifesto Campaign in the Local Elections and Democratic Citizenship Education

    Kim Yong-Bok | 2009, 1(25) | pp.5~38 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Local elections represent opportunities for local residents to make their judgment on local politicians and to appointment new ones who may best address local issues. However local elections in Korea have always been dominated by national agendas and partisan politics such as the mid-term evaluation of the central government. The manifesto campaign was introduced in the May 31, 2006 local election to promote a policy-oriented election and to foster responsible politics. This manifesto campaign wasinitiated by civic organizations. In addition, a number of media groups also participated in this electoral reform campaign. This campaign has had a reasonably positive effect on voters, politicians, and parties. However, its effect on the political culture has been gradual, and the development of manifesto elections is currently proceeding. Democratic citizenship education is absolutely necessary for the development of democracy. The manifesto campaign aims to change the election and political culturesand cultivate democratic citizenship. Therefore, this campaign is a type of political socialization and represents the core of democratic citizenship education.
  • 2.

    The Plan of Revitalizing Local Politics through the Democracy Citizen Education

    MI -KYOUNG RA | 2009, 1(25) | pp.39~69 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This paper analyze the actual condition and problem of the democracy citizen eduction and to explore the plan of democracy citizen eduction institutionalization for revitalizing local politics. The social hope and expectation for a participatory democracy is increasing. However, without the democratic capacity of the people, a participatory democracy will foster new disasters. Democracy citizen education is unreachable without social investment. The people need to be supported so that they can consider how an individual's freedom and community order can be harmoniously adjusted and managed, through the deeping democracy. By fostering the ability to understand and digest the policies of democracy citizen education, we need to lead and encourage the people so that they are able to participate in the key process of the policies making, and also so they can assess it as well.
  • 3.

    Transmission System and Institutionalization of Civic Education in Korea

    Duchel Sin | 2009, 1(25) | pp.71~92 | number of Cited : 13
    Abstract PDF
    This paper examines the main agents for civic education and the system of transmission through which civic education is disseminated in Korea. In addition, proposals that may be effective for the education of citizens through the improvement of the transmission system are explored at the legal and institutional levels. Civic education must encourage the interest and capability of citizens to align with political parties, expand their political knowledge and insight, raise their ability to judge, and promote political participation under given circumstances. The main agents should come together to reach a "minimal consensus" with regard to the future direction of civic education, including primary agents, contents, and methods that could be used to overcome potential problems resulting from thediversification of the transmission system. It is expected that the institutionalization of civic education will ultimately fulfill the function of integrated financial support for citizens and social organizations that will provide civic education programs, such as Germany's Bundeszentrale fur Politische Bildung(federal agency for civic education).
  • 4.

    Research Trends and Tasks of Cyberpolitics in Korea

    Kim Yong Cheol | 2009, 1(25) | pp.93~128 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Cyberpolitics, composed of "Political Use of the Internet," ‘Intra-Internet Politics," and "Politics that Affects the Internet," represents a new research area. Over the last 10 years, many studies have been published and have contributed to the understanding of the influences of the Internet on politics. This paper examines existing studies on Korean cyberpolitics and suggests future research directions. Based on a review of the Korean cyberpolitics literature, this study suggests the following. First, in terms of research topics, a balanced research focus would be beneficial. Second, an interdisciplinary perspective should be adopted previous studies have tended to approach the subject with a narrow perspective. Third, a cross-national comparison would be insightful.
  • 5.

    Local Elections and the Cyber Political Movement

    Song Kyongjae | 2009, 1(25) | pp.129~156 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    The use of the Internet in elections has become widespread in Korea. During the presidential elections in 2002 and 2007, as well as the general elections of the National Assemblymen in 2004 and 2008, candidates developed active cyber political movements and realized a certain degree of success. This study examines the possibility and limitation of the cyber political movement in the networked society by analyzing local elections in Korea. The results of this study indicate that the cyber political movement has two forms, including the top-down and bottom-up methods, and induces different resultsdepending on objects and methods. In addition, the two methods provide advantages such as the expansion of local issues, local agenda setting, or increased civic participation in the long term.
  • 6.

    An Empirical Analysis of the Relationship Between Voters' Perception on Civic Duty and Their Participation in Election Campaigns

    Jinman Cho | JUN YOUNG CHOI | 2009, 1(25) | pp.157~185 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This study analyzes empirically the relationship between voters' perception on civic duty and their participation in election campaigns by using the survey data for the 18th National Assembly elections in Korea. This study develops independent variables to measure the concept of civic duty discussed in Riker and Ordeshook. By using the OLS analysis results, we identify the variables that have a significant impact on voter participation in election campaigns. The statistical results show that party affinity, the willingness to obtain political information, and political efficacy significantly influenced voters' decision to participate in the 18th National Assembly election campaigns. However, the level of consensus on democratic principles, the evaluation on the realities of Korea’sdemocracy, and political knowledge did not have a significant impact. Among the control variables, the intensity of ideology was the only variable that induced voters to actively participate the election campaigns.
  • 7.

    Work Program Predictors of Escape from Self-Sufficiency Programs : A Case Study of Seoul, Incheon, and Kyounggi Province

    엄태영 | 2009, 1(25) | pp.187~221 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    This study examines the predictors ofparticipants' escape from self-sufficiency programs. The Hierarchical Linear Model(HLM) was used for the analysis. A total of 347 people in 30 centers were selected for the study. The results of the analysis of fixed effects indicate that the potential for escape would be greater for people who are not welfare recipients, have a higher level of education, are younger, consider their duties as appropriate, and take part in self-sufficient programs for a longer period of time. In addition, the analysis of community self-sufficiency centers' organizational effect on the possibility of escape suggests that the probability of entering into a profession will increase as the training cost per person becomes higher. With respect to the period of participation, the results of the conditional slope model suggest that the possibility of escape will rapidly increase as the training cost per person becomes higher and as work support programs according to the length of program participation becomes more prevalent. This study suggests political and practical implications for escape from self-sufficient programs.