Korean | English

pISSN : 1598-4230 / eISSN : 2586-7601

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 0.24
Home > Explore Content > All Issues > Article List

2010, Vol., No.27

  • 1.

    The Meaning of Political Citizenship in Korean Society

    Yeonsoo Shim | 2010, (27) | pp.5~27 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    South Korean citizens are developing a mature sense of political citizenship. The consolidation of Korean democratization has formed a sophisticated democracy in Korea. Recently, the Korean political system has developed toward coalition politics with a multiparty system governed by a ruling party and a major opposition party. Political citizenship, which has appeared in the Korean political system, is becoming a full grown phenomena through systematic processing interactions (input, output, and feedback) with the government and the regime. Korean citizens are trying to escape their anti-political tradition and form a social agreement to promote the public interest through dialogue and compromise. Korean citizens should cultivate political citizenship based on deliberative and critical rationality, rather than on the morality and conformity stressed by past political regimes for the sake of stability and continuity. This paper presents various definitions of political citizenship by using concepts from complex systems theory.
  • 2.

    Three Ethical Factors for the Building of Cyber-Citizenship: Freedom, Equality, and Responsibility

    Sangsoo Lim | 2010, (27) | pp.29~55 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    In this article, I want to argue that the communication structure of cyberspace is not as liberal and egalitarian as many believe. In the early days of the Internet, thenetwork provided us with more freedom and equality. But the subsequent development of the communication structure has not been democratic. I adopt the social network analysis method to present a visualized landscape of the interactive cyberspace communication system. Communication netizens—the term for networked citizens—can be divided into three categories: Digital Stars, Digital Masses, and Traditional Social Ties Groups. By tracing the routes of netizens’complex communication links, I reach two conclusions. First, the Digital Stars can disperse their ideas throughout the Internet quickly, but their power to alter others’ opinions might be less than expected. Second, despite the slow speed and narrow range of information dispersion on the Internet, the Traditional Social Tie Groups are more powerful agents in the sphere of political group behaviors. According to the Korean tradition of political culture, responsibility and moral duty are more important values than freedom and political rights. I suggest putting more stress on educational approaches to help raise responsible netizens by promoting the values of "cyber-citizenship." Korean society should pay more attention to keeping a balance between knowledge, attitudes, and practice in cyberspace.
  • 3.

    Globalization and State Rebuilding in China

    YUN, GYONGWOO | 2010, (27) | pp.57~84 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    In the view of many, globalization is forcing nation-states to adapt to changing circumstances;nation-states are seen as having a somewhat reactive, even passive, role in the process. Proponents of this view see the nation-state as one of several important factors in the globalization process. This article disputes the validity of this view because it does not correspond to practical experience. Contemporary globalization has occurred not in spite of the nation-state, but because of it. The case of China—specifically, its last two to three decades of economic and social transformation—constitutes a fascinating example in this respect. Chinese state power, confronting the challenge of globalization, has become neither weaker nor less important. The Chinese experience shows that globalization does not necessarily result in the decline of the nation-state, but can be seen as facilitating the rise of a new nation-state. In a nutshell, the Chinese form of globalization may not spell the end of the modern nation-state.
  • 4.

    Globalization, Social Capital , and Citizenship

    Kim, Kyung-Rae | 2010, (27) | pp.87~109 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Globalizationfollowing the end of the Cold War has deepened interdependence among nations. This interdependence leads to increased international cooperation among states to solveproblems caused by globalization. Despite the globalization trend, national states still exist as the locus of citizenship. However, critics of globalization deny the necessity for joint effort among nations to solve the problems caused by globalization. We, as members of the nation-state and as citizens of the global village, should seek a democratic political community at the international level. For this reason, this article stresses the importance of solidarity among citizens, both at the nation-state and international levels.
  • 5.

    Improving Support for Korean Language Education for Multicultural Families in Gwangju Metropolitan City

    이관식 | 2010, (27) | pp.111~142 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of the study is to suggest improvements to and analyze problems with the policy supporting Korean language education for multicultural families in Gwangju Metropolitan City. The results of the study are summarized as follows:1. Problem with the policy supporting Korean language education: inaccuracy of the surveys of Korean language education short-term and one-off programs lack of specialized projects and programs shortage of financial support for programs supporting Korean language education limitation of national policy support; and lack of competence and functions of non-governmental organizations. 2. Measures to improve the policy supporting Korean language education: accurate surveys of Korean language education; specialization and diversification of the policy supporting Korean language education establishment of a central office for multicultural family support centers effective support andfinancial expansion of the policy supporting Korean language education strengthening the support system for Korean language education; and establishment of a local governance system.
  • 6.

    A Study of the Relationship between an External Public Dispute and an International Trade Dispute (A Case Study of Negotiation: Shaghai Motors and Ssangyong Motors)

    배성준 | 2010, (27) | pp.143~172 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between an external public dispute and an international trade dispute. The study will focus on the case study of negotiations between Shanghai Motors and Ssangyong Motors, in order to determine the possible reasons for the dispute in terms of globalization and suggest appropriate alternative solutions. The results of this study can be summarized as follows:First, the study found that an external public dispute is significantly associated with an international trade dispute. Secondly, an external public dispute often involves governmental authorities, so a dispute can cause a government to exert its right of intervention. Thirdly, the structure of the society is relevant to the dispute. Fourthly, the aggravation of an external public dispute can have a negative effect on national credibility as well as an emotionally adverse effect on citizens of the governments involved, ending up with an international trade dispute. Based on these findings, this study first demonstratespossible associations between an external public dispute and a trade dispute. Such a dispute can have a great impact on both parties to the dispute as well as an economic and diplomatic effect, domestically and internationally. Therefore, the study recommends measures to prevent serious adverse effects resulting from the interaction between an external public dispute and an international trade dispute.
  • 7.

    A StudyConstructing a Rational Application Model for Local Government Funding

    Rack-In Choi | 2010, (27) | pp.173~210 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to provide to alternative models to improve current local government fundingthrough empirical research analysis. The method of this study is to survey residents and public officials in the capital city area. The purpose of the local government funding system is to enhance local community services and support special projects. However, in general, local government funding must be applied under certain restrictions imposed by the budget accounting system. Reform of the funding management system must be achieved before the abuse of the funding system can be fixed. According to this research and analysis, a strategy to enhance the democracy and efficiency of the local government funding system must be actively developed.