Korean | English

pISSN : 1598-4230 / eISSN : 2586-7601

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 0.24
Home > Explore Content > All Issues > Article List

2013, Vol., No.41

  • 1.

    The Brain Scientific Approach to Democratic Citizenship Education

    Oh, Ki Sung | 2013, (41) | pp.5~43 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    School violence has become a serious problem recently in Korea. Therefore, our government has promoted various policies to combat this. It is especially notable that remarkable that these policies emphasis the institutional improvement and cooperation among different sectors of the society. However, these approaches are not much focused on the importance of regular school classes to prevent violence at school. Thus, this paper proposes improvements from the brain science perspective which emphasizes the affective aspects, such as emotion, empathy, and the integration between emotion and reason. To achieve this objective, this paper first examines closely the main contents of brain science that has an important meaning for democratic citizenship education. Second, this study analyze democratic citizenship education in social studies from the brain science perspective. Third, it proposes improvements in democratic citizenship education in social studies, such as the integration between emotion and reason, the cultivation of undemocratic problem-solving abilities, abilities to empathize with their fellows. Finally, this study suggests a convergence of education, the moral education, art and physical education.
  • 2.

    The Japanese Conservativeness and Global Citizenship

    Kim Tae-Ki | 2013, (41) | pp.45~73 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This study focuses on changes in Japanese Society with the concept 'global citizenship'. This study researches on the changes in Japan post 1990s with two concept 'conservativeness' and the 'global citizenship'. In mid 1990s, Japanese people tried to accept foreigners in Japan as their citizen in local society. However, Japanese society changed in 2010s, Japanese public opinion refused to give the foreign permanent residents the rights to vote in local. In radical changes such as globalization, it can be seen as classifying and defending 'themselves' from 'others'. But, society in Japan is constantly in change. Compared to the past, policy in foreigners in Japan by Japanese government has been improved. Hatoyama the ex-prime minister confidently stated that Japan isn't the only Japanese's possession and tried hard to legalize the foreign permanent resident in Japan's rights to vote in local by making it top priority in Democratic party. His statement was based on his political ideology "friendship". Post late 1990s, educational relatives in Japan was concerned in global citizenship and actively tried to introduce it to school education. It is still in baby steps, and being operated in limited regions, this education will be spread from now on.
  • 3.

    The Effect of Conditions of Empathy and Empathy itself on Pro-Social Behavior

    Sae-Yoon Oh | 2013, (41) | pp.75~114 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Every day, we hear gloomy news such as juvenile suicide and bullying , senile suicide, and wrongdoing by public officials . On this juncture, empathy is becoming increasingly popular. I suppose that all of the gloomy news of juvenile, senile, and official's unuseful behaviors have the same cause, deficit of empathy. The subject of this study, the effect of conditions of empathy and empathy itself on pro-social behavior, comes from this supposition. To check whether my idea is right or not, I made a structural equation model. As independent variables, belongings, reverence, trust, and empathy are accepted, and as dependent variable pro-social behavior is accepted. Among the seven, six hypotheses have been tested statistically significant at 5% significance level. This suggests that my prior theoretical discussions, from which the seven hypotheses were induced, are meaningful and right. Some implications for theory, policy, and education have been suggested. So many countermeasures for social problems, which are based on reason but discard empathy and emotions, cure only a few problems and wrong-doings. Only half of the subjects empathize. Empathy education for most people is necessary. The more people empathize, the happier they will be.
  • 4.

    A Study on Local Social Capital in Global Age:Focusing on Busan and Gwangju Metropolitan City

    Song Kyongjae | 2013, (41) | pp.115~151 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    By inquiring into the area which can be said to be the basic unit of this global age, this study attempts to analyze the formation and accumulation of local social capital in Korea and its characteristics. As many social scientists have defined it, social capital means the properties of a public and social structure that is comprised of trust, norms and horizontal network. The results of the accumulation and decline of social capital took on various forms such as the promotion of democracy, governance and fruits of economic development. However, from the perspective of political science, the most worthy of attention is the result of citizen participation. This study attempts to follow in detail the dynamics, characteristics and political implication regarding local social capital in key metropolitan cities in Korea such as Busan and Gwangju. The study methodology that was used to analyze the results was based on the secondary statistical data. As a result of the study, localized differences existed in the local social capital in Korea between Gwangju and Busan metropolitan cities and political and historical channels of social capital were found. Based on such findings, the study found various implications that can be used to accumulate local social capital in Korea.
  • 5.

    An Exploratory Study on Rural Development Plan for Social Enterprises:A Case for Dalsung County

    Moon, Soonyoung | 2013, (41) | pp.153~191 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to investigate the awareness and the environment of the social enterprises in rural areas. Based on the results, this study explores the tasks needed to promote the social enterprises in rural areas by focusing on the examples of DalSung-County. To achieve this objective, ,this study conducts a survey with social groups and organizations in DalSung-County. In addition to the survey, an interview with the representatives of six socia leconomic organizations in DalSung-County is conducted. The study results are as follows: First, the social enterprises in rural areas should be promoted based on the traditional social economic organizations: or example, Agriculture Cooperatives, Forestry Cooperative, farmer groups, various initiatives made by community development project. Second, products that can represent/highlight special regional features need to be developed. To develop these products, cooperative industry-academic network construction is required. Third, a support organization responsible for commercializing the social enterprises, marketing activities, marketing strategies development, employee education needs to be established. Fourth, the social enterprise businesses and rural activation businesses of the different ministries are needed to promote a unified operation to nurture the social enterprises in rural areas. Fifth, capital market promotion is needed to nurture the social enterprises in rural areas through fund-raising.
  • 6.

    A Qualitative Study on Chinese Corporate Cultures and Leaderships

    SangYoun Lee | 2013, (41) | pp.193~253 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    First, it shows that there are positive relationships between Benevolent leadership and group culture, between Virtuous leadership and group culture or hierarchical culture, between Authoritative leadership and hierarchical culture or rational culture, between Transformational leadership and development culture. Second, it was shown that there are positive relationships between Confucianism and group culture, between Taoism and development culture. Third, it shows that there are positive relationships between Confucianism and three kinds of Leadership styles: Benevolent leadership, Virtuous leadership, and Authoritative leadership,. Taoism and Transformational leadership are also shown to have positive relationships. Fourth, while socialism value has positive effects on group culture, market value has positive effects on rational culture and development culture. In comparison, growth-oriented value has positive effects on development culture. Fifth, this study presents the relationships among Traditional legacy, Social Climate, Leadership Styles and Corporate Cultures. It will be meaningful to establish world citizenship and expand responsibilities as global citizens based upon wide minded nationalism.
  • 7.

    A Study of Nuclear Power Plant Inviting through Storytelling and Local Economic Ripple Effect

    Shin Youn Chang | 2013, (41) | pp.255~291 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    What is the motive of local development? This is a very difficult question. There are many drives/initiatives for local development: for example, leadership, geopolitical position, water, food(provisions), energy, and many others. I don't know what is important factors in local development. But There are simplify in problems circumstances. I believe energy is a very important motive in local development. If energy is not provided, all machines would stop, and the whole world would fall into darkness. This study focuses on nuclear plant inviting through storytelling and the local development ripple effect. Storytelling is a very important concept and an approach in public administration. The first is that this study explains that why and how is inviting nuclear plant by storytelling approach. The second is that this study makes an analysis of economic ripple effect in inviting nuclear power plant. There are three trillions and sixty hundred millions in the production of ripple effect. There are ninety one hundreds ninty two millions in income ripple effect. There are two trillions and five hundred seventy four millions in value added effect. There are thirteen thousands four hundreds fourty persons in job creation ripple effect.
  • 8.

    Mediating Effects of Psychological Capital on the Relationships between Transformational Leadership and Job Involvement, and Innovative Behavior

    Junho Jang | 2013, (41) | pp.293~327 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    In this study, we tested the relationship between transformational leadership and psychological capital in addition to the mediating role of psychological capital between transformational leadership and organizational effectiveness. Based on related theory and literature review, 5 hypotheses were developed and tested. Questionnaires were distributed to 350 employees of 8 organizations. Among returned questionnaires, 270 samples were used for empirical study. According to the results, transformational leadership had significant positive effects on psychological capital, which in turn had positive effects on job involvement and innovative behavior. In particular, the results suggest that psychological capital partially mediate the relationship between transformational leadership and job involvement and innovative behavior. Implications and directions for future research are discussed in discussion and conclusion.
  • 9.

    Analysing Leverage Risk and Measuring Optimal Debt Ratio for State-owned Companies

    이승용 | 2013, (41) | pp.329~350 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Debt management of state-owned companies is important as the government fundamentally takes responsibility and bears default risk. After analyzing the leverage risk and the default risk of state-owned companies, I concluded that more than 40% of public enterprises are exposed to serious financial risks while 80% of them are likely to fall into financial distress. This study suggests that state-owned companies should improve their financial stability, as debt ratios exceed optimal debt ratios. (very well written paragraph)