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pISSN : 1598-4230 / eISSN : 2586-7601

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2016, Vol., No.51

  • 1.

    Urban and the Common: Exploring the Alternative Common in Post-modern Times

    Lee,Sang-bong | 2016, (51) | pp.5~27 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This study explores the meaning and value of reconstruction of the public, specifically a conversion from the state-oriented public to a new public centered around civil society, focusing on the concepts of “urban” and “the common.” Starting from an analysis of the relationship between humans and the common, this study first discusses how the common has existed and changed over the historical transition from modern to post-modern times. In addition, this study seeks to define the nature of the common, and to establish the best practices for achieving it under a transformed post-modern social structure. Confronting the logic of the system of capital and state, post-modern reflection on the lost common life leads to the need of a new urban common centered around civil society. While the state common in modern times has paid attention to homogeneity, the urban common should be “a common of differences” based on individual autonomy and singularity, and “an alternative common” that can overcome the logic of capital and the state. This study offers an answer in the common to the question of how the multitude, consisting of diversity within a majority, can attain unity in the post-modern turn.
  • 2.

    Analysis of South Korean Political Parties’ Change and Development Plans: Before and After Comparison of the Abolition of Party Chapters

    지우효 | Jeon Seong Wook | 2016, (51) | pp.29~50 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study aimed to provide policy implications through an empirical comparative analysis of the party structure, operations, and grassroots participation in the political process before and after the abolition of local parties via data from the "Political Party Activity Outlook and Financial Report" published annually by the National Election Commission over a twenty-year period between 1995 and 2014. The results of the analysis suggest that the main goals of political party reform efforts, including alleviating the high-cost, low-efficiency political processes, improving the transparency of political party operations, and the nurturing of "true" party members, were not accomplished even after the abolition of the local party chapter scheme. On the contrary, it caused more problems such as excessive centralization of party power, weak control of party members, lack of lower-level party organizations, continuation of political indifference among voters, and weakening of political participation by the public. The analysis has been conducted to contribute to the improvement of political party participation and the participatory democratic process within the Republic of Korea.
  • 3.

    Asian-American Family Communication Patterns from the Perspective of Young Adult Children

    Jang Ahnlee | 2016, (51) | pp.51~72 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The current study examines ways in which family communication patterns of Asian-American families influence communication and psychosocial behaviors of the children. In-depth interviews and focus groups with 17 Asian-American young adults reveal various communication issues between them and the first generation parents. First, the study found that communication patterns of Asian-American families are influenced by 1) the children’s internal identity struggle; 2) parents’ limited roles in the family; 3) children’s unwillingness to seek advice from their parents; 4) parents’ willingness to give advice; 5) parents' information-oriented and “Asian” communication style; and 6) children’s avoidance and passive communication style. Findings revealed that children’s identity issues and their willingness to maintain a conformity-oriented communication style play a role in shaping Asian-American family communication patterns. The study provides suggestions for strengthening mental health of young adult Asian Americans who have family communication problems, and offers suggestion for subsequent research.
  • 4.

    A Study on the Effect of Activities and the Participation of People with Disabilities on Social Exclusion and the Moderating Effect of Disability Identity

    Yu Dong Chul | Kim, Dong Ki | Kyung Mee Kim and 1other persons | 2016, (51) | pp.73~93 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    This paper investigates how the activities and participation of people with disabilities influence their social exclusion, focusing on the moderating effect of disability identity. We used surveys to develop a social exclusion scale of people with disabilities. We sent the survey to the gatekeepers who worked at welfare agencies for people with disabilities and sites for independent living, so that the gatekeepers could contact persons with disabilities in order to ask their cooperation on the survey. Through the gatekeepers, we surveyed 840 people with disabilities across the country including Seoul, Daejeon, Gangwon, Gwangju, and Busan. After the exclusion of insincere responses, 810 out of 840 respondents were identified to make up the final sample. The results indicated that the activities and participation of people with disabilities negatively influence four types of social exclusion. Specifically, those who are more active participants experience lower levels of social exclusion as well as its four subsets than other people with disabilities do. Second, the relationship between activities and participation and the total score of social exclusion, exclusion from social rights, exclusion from participation and relationships, and exclusion based on culture and norms was moderated by disability identity. Based on these findings, we suggest changes in policy and practice to lessen the social exclusion of people with disabilities in Korea.
  • 5.

    The Mediating Effects of Interactional Injustice on the Relationship between Face-Threatening Behavior of Supervisors and Organizational Silence

    Cho Yong Hyeon | Junho Jang | 2016, (51) | pp.95~111 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Although researchers have recently paid increasing attention to organizational silence, further research is needed that examines the negative outcomes of organizational silence. In this study, we tested the relationship between face-threatening behavior by supervisors and organizational silence. The mediating role of interactional injustice of subordinates between threatening behaviors of supervisors and organizational silence was also tested. Based on related theory and literature review, hypotheses were developed and tested. Participants were 310 employees of six manufacturing firms. Statistical analysis demonstrated that, as hypothesized, face- threatening actions of supervisors were positively related to subordinates' sense of interactional injustice, which was positively correlated to organizational silence. In particular, the mediating roles between supervisor's face-threatening behavior and organizational silence were also supported. Implications and directions for future research are discussed in the conclusion.