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pISSN : 1598-4230 / eISSN : 2586-7601

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2016, Vol., No.52

  • 1.

    The Potential of the Systems Theory of NIklas Luhmann for Cosmopolitanism

    Kim, Kyung-Rae | 2016, (52) | pp.5~27 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This article analyzes the potential of the systems theory of Niklas Luhmann for cosmopolitanism. Since the late 1990s various debates have flared anew regarding the possible role of cosmopolitanism to resolve the problems caused by globalization. Positive opinion about cosmopolitanism tends to recognize the autonomy of the state and nation. Today, however, individuals do not form their identities only within nations and states. In this context, this paper examines cosmopolitanism based on multiple identities through the systems theory of Niklas Luhmann. According to Luhmann, each system operates in the environment of other systems. In this process each system is open and closed, and consists of various subsystems. People take part in the various systems as well as their unity to realize their various biological, psychological, and social demands. After all, we human beings have multiple identities that cannot be defined by any one specific identity, because we participate in a multiplicity of systems at the same time. One avenue to understanding this is by employing the systems theory of Niklas Luhmann to explicate a cosmopolitanism that recognizes multiple identities.
  • 2.

    A Study of Koreans’ Political Participation through Internet Comments, Focusing on Political Inclinations and Democratic Characteristics

    Kim, Hak-Ryang | 2016, (52) | pp.29~49 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    This study analyzes the causal relationship between, on the one hand, Koreans’ political orientation, age group, gender, residence, and level of education, and on the other their political participation as registered through the internet comments that have appeared with development of internet tools such as social networking services (SNS). For this study, a telephone survey of Korean adults was conducted in 2015. The total sample of the survey was 1,000, proportionally extracted by gender, age, and region. The statistical analysis methods for hypothesis verification in this study were logistic regression analysis and cross-tabulations. The results show that only 32.5% of Korean people participate in politics through internet comments. In the analysis of political orientation, people with either conservative or progressive tendencies both turn out to have statistically significant relationships with political participation through internet comments. Koreans with conservative tendencies are 2.95 times more likely to use internet comments, while people with liberal tendencies are 2.17 times more likely. By age group, only individuals in their 20s have a significant relationship with political participation through internet comments (2.43 times more likely than other age groups). There is no statistically significant relationship difference between gender and political participation through internet comments. By residence, only urban residents showed significant relationship with the political participation through internet comments. They are 0.42 times less likely than other area residents. In the analysis of academic background only the graduate school graduates show statistical significance relationship with the political participation through internet comments. They are 1.91 times more likely than high school or college graduates.
  • 3.

    The Impact of Changing Residential Areas on Partisan Preference and Voting Decisions in South Korea: An Empirical Analysis of Youngnam and Honam Voters in the 2014 Regional Election

    Byong-Kuen Jhee | 2016, (52) | pp.51~78 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study deals with the impact of changing a citizen’s residential area on both partisan preferences and voting decisions of Youngnam-born and Honam-born voters in the 2014 regional election of South Korea. Analyzing the post-election survey data of the KSDC, it examines whether and how the strong partisan preferences and the “regional voting” of Youngnam-born and Honam-born voters for the Saenuri Party and the New Politics Alliance for Democracy, two regional parties of Korea, have waned when they move to other regions. Test results show that a notable “residential movement effect” (RVE) exists. More interestingly, this study shows that Honam-born voters have a stronger RVE on their partisan preference, but a weaker RVE on regional voting than Youngnam-born voters. Based on these findings, this study suggests that the disparity between movement effects on the party preference and on voting decision implies that institutional design to avoid distorting voter preferences is required for promoting rational political citizenship through the weakening of regional voting.
  • 4.

    Agenda-setting and Election Information in Presidential Elections: The 18th Presidential Election in South Korea

    Duchel Sin | KIM SUNGSOO | 2016, (52) | pp.79~96 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    This study examines the frequency and content of information in eight major newspapers with regard to Korea's 18th presidential election. The study was conducted by analyzing the frequency of content types. It classified newspaper articles regarding Park Geun-hye and Moon Jae-in, the major party presidential candidates in the election, as "general election information," "personal information," and "election pledges." The intense coverage of the two candidates is interpreted as a reflection of the short official campaign period for an important presidential election. The frequency of election stories in the eight newspapers occurred in the following order: "general election information," then "personal information," then "election pledges," the subject of only 20.4% of the stories. It is argued that this weighting reflected a higher concern with the negative images of the candidates than with serious information regarding election pledges.
  • 5.

    An Analysis of the News Framing of Korean and Chinese Media, Focusing on Nationalistic Emotions

    KwangSu Lee | 2016, (52) | pp.97~116 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper analyzes the effects of nationalistic emotions in the framing of Korean and Chinese newspapers by comparing coverage by Korea’s Chosun Ilbo and China`s Global Times of an issue that could reflect chauvinistic attitudes in the two countries’ media. Specifically, it probes the coverage of skirmishes during the torch relay within Korea prior to the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games. The Chosun Ilbo and Global Times both formally emphasize objective news reporting, but each paper expressed nationalistic emotions in framing the issues with regard to the conflict, countermeasures, national prestige, and morality. This gap between theory and practice shows the nationalistic perspective at work when trying to interpret and understand the same case. The framing effect for eliciting public opinion in favor of the local base is obvious. Both papers framed the issue to shape public opinion in favor of their own country.
  • 6.

    The Influence of Conflicts Experience on Job Satisfaction in Personal Assistants for the Disabled: The Moderating Effect of Achievement Motivation

    Kang, Seung-won | Choi Jeong-Min | 2016, (52) | pp.117~135 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This paper examines the relationship between conflict experience and job satisfaction in personal assistants for the disabled, explores the moderating effect of achievement motivation on those relationships, and suggests practical implications for social work services for personal assistants for the disabled. Data for this study were collected through the use of a survey instrument completed by 278 personal assistants for the disabled. After collected data were analysed by moderated multiple regression, we reached two major conclusions. First, this study provided clear evidence that conflict experience was a very important variable that affected psychological well-being in adolescence. Second, achievement motivation had a moderating effect on relationship conflict experience and job satisfaction in personal assistants for the disabled. Based on these findings reinforcing the importance of job satisfaction and achievement motivation, we suggest effective intervention programs.